Trench selection system

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The trench voting system is an electoral system in which several voting procedures are used side by side and without offset against each other (parallel election without compensation, therefore called parallel voting in English ). Most of the time in the ditch electoral system, some of the seats are allocated in one-person constituencies and the other according to the principle of proportional representation . Two votes do not necessarily have to be cast, the only decisive factor is that there are two completely separate seat allocation procedures .

The term comes from the fact that in the ditch voting system (unlike the current German electoral system) the direct mandates are not counted towards the list mandates . From this point of view, there is a gap between the two ways of getting into parliament.

In the spring of 2019, the CDU politician Günter Krings proposed a trench election system to avoid an ever-growing German Bundestag . At the end of 2019, 24  members of the Bundestag of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group took up the idea again.


The system is used in a number of countries (unless otherwise noted, in a combination of majority voting in one-person constituencies and proportional representation).






  • Michael Schmid: Wahlsysteme und Wahltypen , VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2006, ISBN 978-3-531-14890-8 .

supporting documents

  1. Christoph Seils : The new right to vote and the crux with the overhang mandates. In: 207. June 18, 2013, accessed on September 18, 2016 .
  2. Debate about new suffrage: Union fights for trench voting system. In: . December 27, 2019, accessed May 6, 2020 .
  3. ^ Gesine Dornblüth : Duma election in Russia: Small losses for democratic paint. In: Deutschlandfunk broadcast “Europe today”. April 24, 2016, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  4. ^ Fida Nasrallah: How the electrical system works . In: UNMIN Newspaper: Issue 5 Feb / March 2008. (PDF) (No longer available online.) P. 3 , formerly in the original ; accessed on September 18, 2016 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /