Gustav Sondermann

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Gustav Sondermann (born October 7, 1894 in Aschaffenburg , † September 5, 1973 in Emskirchen , Middle Franconia ) was a German doctor , political publicist and writer.


Gustav Sondermann went to school in Aschaffenburg and graduated from high school there in 1913. In Aschaffenburg he was a co-founder of the local Wandervogel movement . He studied medicine in Erlangen and Munich. During the First World War he served as a one-year volunteer in the Bavarian 19th Infantry Regiment from April 1914 .

From December 1920 to 1934 the doctor of medicine worked as a general practitioner and political journalist in Emskirchen. During this time he wrote ethnic trivial literature.

In 1923, Sondermann became a member of the NSDAP . As a guest of the NSDAP local group newly founded in Neustadt an der Aisch , he defended the person Adolf Hitler against all accusations on the occasion of his lecture on the topic of national thinking on March 11, 1924. After he had visited the imprisoned Hitler in Landsberg at the end of April 1924 and was “completely dismayed” by his behavior, he turned away from “Hitlerism” and turned to the Bund Oberland , a military association founded in 1921 as the successor to the disbanded Freikorps Oberland , where he worked as a group leader (in April 1924 and April 1927 he also took part in leadership conferences at Hoheneck Castle (Ipsheim) ). In his novel Türme über der Stadt , published in 1938, he describes the rise of the National Socialists in the Central Franconian district town of Neustadt an der Aisch on 447 pages.

From 1925 to 1929 he was editor-in-chief of the federal magazine (of the Bund Oberland), Das Third Reich (Verbandsblatt des Bundes Oberland ) , which appeared in its own publishing house in Nuremberg from January 1926 . In addition to the Third Reich , the publisher also published the magazine Der Führer .

After 1926 he was a permanent contributor to the journal resistance. Journal for national revolutionary politics in the circle of the national Bolshevik Ernst Niekisch .

In 1934 he joined the active medical service in the Wehrmacht . In the same year he was appointed chief medical officer of Erlangen, 1941, he was commander of a sanitary replacement and -Ausbildungs department in Vienna, in 1944 he was appointed as Colonel doctor commander of a medical unit in a Panzer Army on the Eastern Front.

After his release from British captivity on September 16, 1945, he was (supported by the assurances of his brother-in-law, the active resistance fighter Willi Bauer, and Joseph E. Drexel , his former Oberland comrade, and other opponents of the National Socialists) with the verdict of December 28th 1946 initially classified as an incriminated person, whereby the public prosecutor objected and demanded the classification as a minor offender. After the Christmas amnesty of November 5, 1947, the ruling chamber decision was reversed and the proceedings were discontinued. In 1947 he established himself as a general practitioner in Erlangen. and was elected chairman of the Erlangen Medical District Association in 1948. From 1951 he was a member of the board of directors of the Bavarian State Medical Association , from 1955 to 1969 as Vice President. In 1957 he became a member of the board of directors of the German Medical Association as well as the Armed Forces Advisory Board of the German Armed Forces and the Federal Health Council.

At the German Medical Congress in 1964 (quotation) ... he was awarded the Paracelsus Medal as a token of recognition of his medical stance in war and peace and his efforts to maintain and safeguard the doctor's obligation to maintain confidentiality and the right to remain silent (end of quotation).


  • 1960: Large Federal Cross of Merit
  • 1964: Paracelsus Medal of the German medical profession
  • 1969: Honorary member of the Heimatverein Emskirchen and the surrounding area

Publications (selection)

  • The sense of the völkisch mission. JF Lehmann, Munich 1924.
  • From the coming revolution. Nuremberg publishing house "The Third Reich", 1927.
  • Population crisis as a biological consequence of a change in consciousness within the German people. Resistance Publishing House, Berlin 1931
  • The rent village. Cotta, Stuttgart, 2nd edition 1932.
  • Towers over the city. Wichern-Verlag, Berlin 1938.
  • Doctor, cash register - public health. From the doctor u. his questions. Munich Lehmann 1952.
  • All about medical confidentiality. Medical communications (Deutsches Ärzteblatt) 1960, 2032–2035 (see also article from 1957 )
  • Autobiographical sketch. In: Therapy of the Present. Practical Medicine Monthly. Volume 112, Issue 2 (February) 1973. pp. 3-11.


  • Wolfgang Mück: Nazi stronghold in Middle Franconia: The völkisch awakening in Neustadt an der Aisch 1922–1933. Verlag Philipp Schmidt, 2016 (= Streiflichter from home history. Special volume 4); ISBN 978-3-87707-990-4 , pp. 56 f., 196-198 and 279-281.
  • Karl Troebs: doctor soldier and poet (on the work of Gustav Sondermann). Wichern-Verlag, Berlin 1939.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 279.
  2. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 279.
  3. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 279.
  4. ^ WorldCat : Writings by Gustav Sondermann
  5. ^ Karl-Heinz Fix: Co-Faithful in Need: The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria and the help for Protestants persecuted for racial reasons. A documentation . Gütersloh publishing house 2011
  6. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 59.
  7. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 198, note 594.
  8. Wolfgang Mück (2016), pp. 55–57, 196 f. and 279.
  9. Wolfgang Mück (2016), pp. 196–198.
  10. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 56 f.
  11. ^ Ernst Jünger : Political Journalism 1919 to 1933. Klett-Cotta 2001, page 703.
  12. Manfred Kittel: Province between Empire and Republic: Political Mentalities in Germany and France 1918–1933 / 36. Oldenbourg Verlag 2000, page 286
  13. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 56 f.
  14. Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 280.
  15. Dr. Sondermann 70 years  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Bayerisches Ärzteblatt 1964; Book 10, page 789@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /