Hoheneck Castle (Ipsheim)

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Ipsheim market
Coordinates : 49 ° 31 '  N , 10 ° 30'  E
Height : 416 m
Residents : (May 25 1987)
Postal code : 91472
Area code : 09846
Hoheneck Castle
Aerial view of the castle complex

Aerial view of the castle complex

Creation time : First mentioned in 1132
Castle type : Höhenburg, spur location
Conservation status: Receive
Place: Ipsheim - Hoheneck
Geographical location 49 ° 31 '16.6 "  N , 10 ° 30' 22.5"  E Coordinates: 49 ° 31 '16.6 "  N , 10 ° 30' 22.5"  E
Height: 416  m above sea level NHN

The Hoheneck Castle is a medieval castle above Ipsheim and at the same time a district of the market in the Middle Franconian district of Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim . Since 1984 the youth castle has served as an educational facility for the district youth association Nuremberg-Stadt.

Geographical location

The hilltop castle is 410  m above sea level. NHN on the rise of the Frankenhöhe , a small-scale, wooded high-altitude area ( Frankenhöhe Nature Park ), high above the Aisch Valley .

To the east of the castle are the extensive Frankenhöhe forests of the Hoheneck Forest, at the foot of which is one of the few wine-growing regions in Middle Franconia (Middle Franconian Bocksbeutelstrasse).


Hoheneck Castle was first mentioned in 1132 in the founding document of Heilsbronn Monastery .

In 1381 Arnold von Seckendorff sold Hoheneck with the property and forest to the Nuremberg burgrave Friedrich V. A few years later he set up the Hoheneck Office . In 1462 the castle was burned down during the war between Margrave Albrecht zu Brandenburg and the Bishopric of Würzburg .

The Oberamt Hoheneck comprised the Vogtamt Lenkersheim , the Kastenamt Ipsheim , the Schultheißenamt Markt Bergel and the Schultheißenamt Burgbernheim . Towards the end of the 18th century there was a property in Hoheneck. The high court exercised the Brandenburg-Bayreuth Vogtamt Lenkersheim . The castle was owned by the Ipsheim caste office as landlord . The Oberamt Hoheneck was merged with the Chamber Office Ipsheim during the Prussian administration .

As part of the community edict, Hoheneck was assigned to the Ipsheim tax district formed in 1811 . It also belonged to the Ipsheim rural community formed in 1817 . With the second municipal edict (1818) it was re- municipalityed to Eichelberg .

At the beginning of the 1920s, the Munich publisher Julius Friedrich Lehmann bought the castle. The castle was used by the Wehrverband Bund Oberland as a venue, for example for the leaders' conferences held in 1924 and 1927. Federal leaders Friedrich Weber , Gustav Sondermann , Josef Römer and August Winnig took part in the Führer Conference in April 1924 . From June 4 to 6, 1927 , the Bundestag conference of the Old Reich flag , chaired by Willy Liebel , who later became the city councilor and Lord Mayor of Nuremberg, took place there, with General Erich Ludendorff and his wife Mathilde Ludendorff also giving speeches on folk topics, on November 18 the funeral of the Munich Police President Ernst Pöhner in the “Heldenhain”, attended by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels , among others . From 1928 the castle was the training center of the Sturmabteilung (SA) for southern Germany and several times the location of major NSDAP events such as the Whitsun Gau meeting held in June 1930 (with the participation of Streicher, Hitler and General von Epp) or the first Middle Franconian SA leaders' pre -school on January 18, 1932 with the participation of Julius Streicher, Wilhelm Stegmann and Willy Liebel, among others . The historian Manfred Kittel sees the " völkisch charisma" emanating from the castle as one of the reasons for West Central Franconia's development into a National Socialist stronghold.

The castle has belonged to the city of Nuremberg since 1953 and is therefore the only castle owned by the city, as the Nuremberg castle is owned by the Bavarian Palace and Lake Administration .

On July 1, 1972, Hoheneck was incorporated into the Ipsheim market as part of the regional reform .

Since April 1984 Hoheneck Castle has been used as a youth education center for the Nürnberg-Stadt district youth association, which is also its sponsor.

Population development

year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987
Residents 14th 20th 30th 19th 14th 21st 7th 28 17th 9 2
Houses 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1


Web links

Commons : Burg Hoheneck  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 340 ( digitized version ).
  2. Hoheneck in the Bayern Atlas
  3. a b J. K. Bundschuh, Vol. 2, Col. 731.
  4. a b J. K. Bundschuh, Vol. 3, Col. 27.
  5. HH Hofmann, p. 61 f.
  6. HH Hofmann, p. 102.
  7. HH Hofmann, p. 212.
  8. ^ Wolfgang Mück: Nazi stronghold in Middle Franconia: The völkisch awakening in Neustadt an der Aisch 1922–1933. Verlag Philipp Schmidt, Neustadt ad Aisch 2016 (= Streiflichter from the local history. Special volume 4); ISBN 978-3-87707-990-4 , pp. 56 f., 63 and 71.
  9. Wolfgang Mück (2016), pp. 94 and 113 f.
  10. Manfred Kittel: Province between Empire and Republic. Political mentalities in Germany and France 1918–1933 / 36. (= Sources and representations on contemporary history, volume 47) Oldenbourg, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-486-56501-X , pp. 244, 478.
  11. Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses , and from 1871 to 1987 as residential buildings.
  12. Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkkreis according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 42 ( digitized version ).
  13. Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 261 ( digitized version ).
  14. ^ Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 1096 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
  15. Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1263 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized version ).
  16. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1197 ( digitized version ).
  17. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1270 ( digitized version ).
  18. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1308 ( digitized version ).
  19. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1131 ( digitized version ).
  20. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 829 ( digitized version ).
  21. ^ Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 175 ( digitized version ).