Hans-Georg Pflaum

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hans-Georg Pflaum (born June 3, 1902 in Berlin , † December 26, 1979 in Linz ) was a French ancient historian of German origin.


The plum, who came from a Jewish industrial family, was initially supposed to join his father's company and for this purpose studied law in Breslau and Heidelberg; he received his doctorate in 1925 in Breslau. When the company fell victim to the Great Depression in 1929, Pflaum began a second degree in Ancient History and Classical Philology in Berlin, where he attended events with Ulrich Wilcken , Wilhelm Weber , Eugen Täubler and Ernst Stein . After the National Socialist seizure of power, he left Germany in 1933 and continued his studies in Paris with Jérôme Carcopino at the Sorbonne. Another teacher was the epigrapher Louis Robert . In 1937 Pflaum wrote a thesis on the Cursus publicus during the Roman Empire and was to become an employee of the Center National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), which was being founded.

When the Second World War broke out, Pflaum joined the French Foreign Legion . After the French defeat in 1940 he had to give up his position at the CNRS; his thesis could only appear anonymously. In 1942 he fled underground to the south of France from persecution, where he was able to continue his research on the Roman procurators, which he submitted as thèse after the end of the war in 1947 . He worked again at the CNRS in Paris and was there in 1956 Directeur de recherche . Since the 1960s, he has also taught at the École Pratique des Hautes Études and has repeatedly held visiting professorships in various European countries and in Princeton. In 1966 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and 1968 of the British Academy . 1969–1971 he was president of the Société Française de Numismatique .


Pflaum's central research area was the administration of the Roman Empire and the prosopography of the ruling classes, especially the equestrian class . He wrote fundamental works about the knightly procurators . In further monographs and numerous individual studies, he dealt with epigraphic , numismatic and onomastic questions as well as military and religious history topics. Roman North Africa formed a regional focus. From 1966 to 1978 Pflaum was co-editor of L'Année épigraphique .


  • Essai sur le 'Cursus Publicus' sous le Haut-Empire Romain (= Extrait des mémoires presentés par divers savants à l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres. Volume 14). Paris 1940. (Published anonymously.)
  • Le marbre de Thorigny (= Bibliothèque de l'École pratique des Hautes Études. Volume 292). Paris 1948.
  • Essai sur les Procurateurs équestres sous le Haut-Empire romain . Paris 1950.
  • Procurator. In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume XXIII, 1, Stuttgart 1957, Sp. 1240-1279. Revised French version: Abrégé des procurateurs équestres . Boccard, Paris 1974.
  • Inscriptions latines de l'Algérie . Volume 2.1, Paris 1957. Volume 2.2, Paris 1976.
  • Les carrières procuratoriennes équestres sous le haut-empire romain (= Institut français d'Archéologie de Beyrouth. Bibliothèque archéologique et historique. Volume LVII). 4 volumes, Paris 1960–1961.
  • The Roman Empire . In: Propylaea world history . Volume 4. Berlin 1963, pp. 317-428.
  • Les Sodales Antoniniani de l'époque de Marc-Aurèle . Paris 1966.
  • The fastes de la province de Narbonnaise . Paris 1978.


  • Ségolène Demougin (Ed.): H.-G. Plum, un historien du XXe siècle. Actes du colloque international, Paris les 21, 22 and 23 octobre 2004. Droz, Genève 2006, ISBN 2-600-01099-8 .
  • Marcel Le Glay : Hans-Georg Pflaum (1902–1979) . In: Antiquités africaines . tape 17 , 1981, p. 7-9 , doi : 10.3406 / antaf.1981.1068 .
  • Detlef Liebs : Hans Georg Pflaum † (1902–1979). In: Journal of the Savigny Foundation for Legal History. Romance Department. Volume 97, 1980, pp. 555-557.
  • Holger Saturday : Pflaum, Hans-Georg. In: Peter Kuhlmann , Helmuth Schneider (Hrsg.): History of the ancient sciences. Biographical Lexicon (= The New Pauly . Supplements. Volume 6). Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2012, ISBN 978-3-476-02033-8 , Sp. 964-966.
  • Tadeusz Zawadzki: Un vrai Européen: Hans-Georg Pflaum (1902–1979). In: Wlodzimierz Appel (ed.): Magistri et discipuli. Chapter on the history of classical studies in the 20th century. Toruń 2002, ISBN 83-231-1521-4 , pp. 101-113.

Web links


  1. So [1]  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (unavailable). Zawadzki, Un vrai Européen , p. 111, speaks of “environ l'an 1950”.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.hist.uzh.ch  
  2. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 189.
  3. ^ Deceased Fellows. British Academy, accessed July 16, 2020 .