Hans Naumann (Medievalist)

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Hans Naumann (* 13. May 1886 in Görlitz ; † 25. September 1951 in Bonn ) was a German germanistischer medievalist and folklorist .


Hans Naumann was the son of the tenants Robertus Naumann and Clara Naumann. He attended high school in Görlitz and Zittau . After studying German in Munich, Kiel, Berlin and Strasbourg, he received his doctorate in 1911 and completed his habilitation in 1913. During the First World War , he was briefly drafted into military service and, among other things, was editor of the War Week .

From 1919 Hans Naumann was associate professor for folklore at the University of Jena . From 1921 to 1931 he was Professor of Senior German Studies and Folklore at the University of Frankfurt am Main and from 1932 to 1945 full professor at the University of Bonn . After the seizure of power of the Nazis , he joined 1933 the NSDAP in. He was one of the main actors and speakers at the National Socialist book burning on May 10, 1933 and shouted during the incendiary speech: “We call for the new German literature! Hail to the Supreme Leader! Heil Germany! ". In 1934 Naumann was rector of the University of Bonn for half a year. In the same year he published, among other things, the books Germanischer Schicksalsglaube , and Kampf against the un-German spirit . In 1934 he was one of the founders of the Committee for Legal Philosophy at the Nazi Academy for German Law initiated by Hans Frank . During the Second World War , Naumann took part in the Nazi war mission of the humanities .

Naumann's doctoral students include Theodor Scharmann , Maximilian Ittenbach and Werner Betz .

Like Adolf Bartels , Heinz Kindermann , Franz Koch , Hellmuth Langenbucher , Walther Linden (1895–1943), Arno Mulot and Josef Nadler, Hans Naumann was one of the leading literary scholars of the “Third Reich”, who repeatedly contributed to a “new 'National Socialist poetry' “Called. In 1946 Naumann was dismissed as a professor.

In the Soviet Zone , various of his publications, such as Das Weltbild der Germanen (Leipzig: Eichblatt 1935) Germany and Italy. Address to celebrate the Fuehrer's 50th birthday (Bonner Univ. Buchdr. 1939), Hans Naumann and Eugen Lüthgen: Struggle against the un-German spirit (Bonner Univ. Buchdr. 1933), The High Courage and the Free Mind (Bonner Univ. Buchdr . 1934) and his 1932 book German Nation in Danger (Stuttgart: Metzler 1932) added to the list of literature to be sorted out. In the GDR this was followed by a speech on the Fuehrer's birthday. Germanic songs of the gods (Bonner Univ. Buchdr. 1937) and Germanic legacy (Weimar: Böhlau 1943).

Theory of the sunken cultural asset

He became known primarily for his theory that the upper classes invent cultural assets and that these are taken over by the non-innovative lower classes at different times.

In the mid-1920s, Wilhelm Fraenger dealt extensively with Naumann's theory of sunken cultural assets , which he tried to refute. He countered Naumann's theory of the polarity between folk and high culture that the "simple" people also contribute their own cultural achievement when they adopt educational values.

Fonts (selection)

  • Primitive community culture. Contributions to folklore and mythology , Jena 1921.
  • Basics of German Folklore , Leipzig 1922.
  • German Folklore in Basics , Leipzig 1935.
  • The Germanic world view , Leipzig 1935.
  • Karls Germanic Art , in: Charlemagne or Chalemagne. Eight answers by German historians, Berlin 1935.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, second updated edition, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 , p. 429.
  2. ^ Quote from Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Third Reich , Fischer Taschenbuch 2005, p. 429.
  3. See DNB entry.
  4. ^ Jan-Pieter Barbian : Literary politics in the Nazi state. From synchronization to ruin. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 390.
  5. Uwe Baur, Karin Gradwohl-Schlacher: Literature in Austria 1938–1945: Handbook of a literary system. Volume 3: Upper Austria. Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 2014, p. 270.
  6. ^ List of literature to be sorted out 1946
  7. ^ List of literature to be sorted out 1947
  8. ^ List of literature to be sorted out 1948
  9. ^ List of the literature to be discarded 1953