Hartwig Brandt

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Hartwig Brandt (born February 15, 1936 in Stade ; † June 25, 2017 in Göttingen ) was a German historian and university professor .

Brandt, son of a teacher, grew up in Verden and Cuxhaven . He studied law at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen from 1956 , then from 1958 on history and political science as well as Greek at the Free University of Berlin and from 1962 at the University of Hamburg . Here he received his doctorate in 1966 from the early modern historian Gerhard Oestreich with a study on the history of ideas of the Vormärz . From Hamburg he joined in 1966 as an assistant of Austria at the University of Marburg , he attended the in 1976 with a thesis on Württemberg parliamentary history in the 19th century habilitated .

Brandt worked as a temporary lecturer, private lecturer, academic adviser (1980) and adjunct professor (1988) in Marburg. He represented professorships in Hamburg, Erlangen-Nuremberg , Gießen , Frankfurt and Bayreuth, among others . In 1994 he was offered a professorship for modern history at the Bergische Universität - Gesamtthochschule Wuppertal , where he taught until 2002. Brandt lived in Marburg an der Lahn and since 2016 in Göttingen .

Brandt was a founding member of the Association for Constitutional History in 1977 . He was also a member of the board of trustees of the Dimitris Tsatsos Institute for European Constitutional Studies at the Distance University in Hagen .

Brandt's research interests were constitutional history , the history of parliamentarism and the history of political ideas ( conservatism / liberalism ). His academic student is Ewald Grothe .

In 1983 Brandt was awarded the Klaus Mehnert Prize and in 1986 the Wolf Erich Kellner Prize .



  • Rural representation in the German pre-March. Political thinking in the sphere of influence of the monarchical principle (= Politica. Vol. 31). Luchterhand, Neuwied 1968 (also: University of Hamburg, phil. Diss. 1968).
  • Parliamentarism in Württemberg 1819–1870. Anatomy of a German state parliament (= manual of the history of German parliamentarism ). Droste, Düsseldorf 1987, ISBN 978-3-7700-5142-4 .
  • The long way to democratic modernity. German constitutional history from 1800 to 1945. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1998, ISBN 978-3-534-06093-8 .
  • Europe 1815-1850. Reaction - constitution - revolution. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 978-3-17-014804-4 .

Source volumes (ed.)

  • Restoration and early liberalism 1814–1840 (= Freiherr vom Stein memorial edition. Sources on the political thought of Germans in the 19th and 20th centuries. Vol. 3). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1979, ISBN 978-3-534-04826-1 .
  • with Ewald Grothe : Sources on the everyday history of the Germans 1815-1870 (= Freiherr vom Stein commemorative edition. Selected sources on German history in the modern age. Vol. 44). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2005, ISBN 978-3-534-12775-7 .

Anthology (ed.)

  • with Ewald Grothe: Rheinbündischer Konstitutionalismus (= legal historical series. Vol. 350). Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-631-56489-9 .

school books

  • with Werner Grütter: The social question in the 19th century (= times and people, edition Q ). Schöningh, Paderborn 1981, ISBN 978-3-506-34725-X .
  • with Werner Grütter and Robert-Hermann Tenbrock : Nation State and Nationalism in the 19th Century (= Times and People, Edition Q ). Schöningh, Paderborn 1981, ISBN 978-3-506-34726-8 .
  • with Werner Grütter: Imperialism from 1870 to 1914 (= times and people, edition Q ). Schöningh, Paderborn 1982, ISBN 978-3-506-34727-6 .
  • Liberalism and Democracy in the 19th Century. Commentary on the source booklet (= times and people, edition Q ). Schöningh, Paderborn 1992, ISBN 978-3-506-34753-4 .


  • Ewald Grothe: Hartwig Brandt (1936–2017). In: Historical magazine . Vol. 306, 2018, pp. 728-732.

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