City of Dülmen
|Height :||45 m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||2087 (March 1, 2019)|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1930|
|Incorporated into:||Parish of Dülmen|
|Postal code :||48249|
|Area code :||02594|
Hausdülmen has been one of the districts of the city of Dülmen since 1975 and is therefore in the Coesfeld district . It is located near Dülmen in the direction of Haltern . The village has a little over 2000 inhabitants.
To protect his land, the bishop of Münster, Burchard von Holte, had a simple castle (or rather a permanent house ) built in the spring of 1115 : “dat hues to Dulmene”. In 1121 the castle was destroyed by Duke Lothar von Sachsen . It was not until 1137 that the border was secured again at the instigation of Bishop Werner with a castle in Hausdülmen. In the 13th century, the four Burgmannshöfe became eight. The castle chapel, which was renewed in 1231 and consecrated to Saint Mauritius, was also located there. In front of the castle there were also houses and stables of the servants because there was no place for them in the castle. The so-called freedom was secured against attackers by flood ditches and walls. However, the value of the castle steadily declined due to the advent of firearms in the 14th and 15th centuries. Last in 1451 riders of the Duke of Kleve were stationed in the castle. After that, the castle no longer had an important military role.
Thanks to its function as a sovereign residence, Bishop Franz von Waldeck was a guest in Haus Dülmen in 1532 when he ruled his diocese from there. He broke the rule of the Anabaptists in Münster from the Dülmen house . After Münster's conquest, the leaders Jan van Leyden , Bernhard Knipperdolling and Bernhard Krechting were imprisoned in the keep for six months in 1535 (and then executed in Münster on January 22, 1536). The Duke of Alba’s troops destroyed the castle in the Spanish-Dutch War (1568-1609), with the exception of the tower, which was torn down towards the end of the 18th century. The official administration left Hausdülmen in 1657 and moved to Dülmen. The history of the Landesburg Haus Dülmen ends in the 16th century. It was little used and gradually fell apart. In 1704 the castle was only inhabited by the hunter. In 1777 the keep and the remains of the curtain wall were demolished. From the castle "Haus Dülmen" the place "Hausdülmen" gradually developed. (The current chapel from the 17th century is now the oldest building in Hausdülmen.)
In the 19th century, textile production was the economic center. After that, in the course of industrialization, most weavers became factory workers or farmers. The First World War passed Hausdülmen almost without a trace, even in the Second World War only three buildings were destroyed. However, there was a prisoner of war camp, the "Dullmen Camp", located near Hausdülmen during the First World War. The commandant's house is still preserved from the camp and is now used as a residential building. The camp's cemetery was relocated to its present location in Friedensallee around 1965, and around 600 deceased prisoners of war , mainly from Russia and Romania, rest in the cemetery of honor .
In 1929, the Haltern office of the Coesfeld district was assigned to the Recklinghausen district. The district boundary thus ran through Hausdülmen, as it were, while smaller parts of the village were located in the Recklinghausen district. On April 1, 1930 Hausdülmen lost territorial sovereignty and was assigned to the parish of Dülmen . On January 1, 1975 the parish of Dülmen was incorporated into the city of Dülmen together with Hausdülmen under a new border.
The name Pielen , which is popularly used to refer to the Hausdülmenerinnen and Hausdülmener, goes back to an extensive goose keeping. This is evidenced by the delivery of goose feathers to the Bishop of Münster in 1656. Today the village fountain with its goose shepherd and geese reminds of this story.
- St. Mauritius Church, through which the 17th century chapel can be reached
- Largest carp pond in northwest Germany (owned by the Duke of Croÿ )
- Borkenberge Airfield
- Great pond mill
- Wedding avenue
- Cemetery of honor
There is a St. Mauritius Kindergarten and St. Mauritius Elementary School to support and educate the local children.
- Bärbel Brodt, Heinz-K. Junk: City folder Hausdülmen . In: Heinz Stoob, Wilfried Ehbrecht (ed.): Westphalian city atlas . Volume III; 3 volumes. Dortmund-Altenbeken 1988, ISBN 3-89115-123-3 (On behalf of the Historical Commission for Westphalia and with the support of the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association.).
- Erik Potthoff, Dietmar Rabich: Dülmen - yesterday and today . 1st edition. Laumann-Verlag, Dülmen 2013, ISBN 978-3-89960-397-2 , Hausdülmen, p. 192-199 .
- AL Bonsey: Mein Kriegsdienst 1915-18 , article with a description of the “Dullmen Camp” (Dülmener Heimatblätter, issue 2/2002)
- Hausdülmen in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Entry by Stefan Eismann zu Dülmen in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Website of the city of Dülmen, Dülmen in figures, population statistics (PDF; 13 kB), March 2019.
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 242 .
- Karl Hullermann: Dülmen's borders in the course of time , Dülmener Heimatblätter , issue 1/2000
- Stefan Sudmann (ed.): History of the city of Dülmen , Laumann-Verlag, Dülmen 2011, ISBN 978-3-89960-348-4 .