The head coach corresponds roughly to the German head coach and is the top coach in a sport that is characterized by American usage, e.g. B. American football and is the best paid in the coaching staff there. All other coaches are mostly responsible for a specific part of the team (for example the offensive coordinator for the offense and the defensive coordinator for the defense ), for a certain position or for a certain task (such as the conditioning coach ). The head coach sometimes also takes on tasks that a sports director usually does in Germany , i.e. H. the long-term recruitment of the team. Whether and to what extent the head coach perceives his assistants as a threat to his own position or as scapegoats if the team fails has to be considered very differently.
However, the terminology is not uniform even in American professional sport and varies between sports. In baseball, for example, the position corresponding to the head coach is usually referred to as manager .
The head coach of a college football team already has a professional team at their side, so that he can focus on tactics and does not have to concentrate so much on training. Another job of a head coach in college is scouting . Recognizing talent is one of the most important qualities a head coach needs in college. The best college coaches only stay with a team for a short time. This phase is often used to try out various new tactics and discover good players who can be used in a possible later career as an NFL coach ( Pete Carroll , who won the Super Bowl XLVIII with the Seattle Seahawks in the 2013 season, trained at the University of Southern California (USC) later Super Bowl MVP Malcolm Smith ). Since the head coach has sole responsibility for the team, he has to put together a team that is as victorious as possible with the available scholarships and must not exceed the budget limit set by the association. Since football is very popular in the USA, the Football Head Coach is considered the face of college sport.
American football coaches are the best paid of all sports in the United States. In a comparison of all team coaches, they are behind European football coaches . So earned z. B. Jose Mourinho in 2015 when Chelsea 18 million euros, while the highest-paid coach of the USA, Bill Belichick of the New England Patriots , about 7.5 million US dollars earned. So he was behind Jürgen Klopp , the ninth most expensive football coach.
There is no special training for these tasks as head coach, who is also sports director at the same time . American coaches who have not had a top-class sports career themselves serve their way up, from successful high school coach to junior college and college to professional special coach . Since only the successful coaches have careers, they often use contemptuous methods in the sport of children and young people in the USA. Despite the conditions set out in Title IX , the positions of head coach in American sports are firmly in the hands of men, even in sports for women. The basketball head coach is usually a man who is then also responsible for the women's team, which is then nominally led by an assistant coach.
- Scott Rath Well, Gordon A. Bloom, Todd M. Loughead: Head coaches' perceptions on the roles, selection, and development of the assistant coach. In: International Sport Coaching Journal. 1, 2014, pp. 5-16.
- Jonathan A. Jensen, Shaina M. Ervin, Stephen W. Dittmore: Exploring the Factors Affecting Popularity in Social Media: A Case Study of Football Bowl Subdivision Head Coaches. In: International Journal of Sport Communication. 7.2, 2014, pp. 261-278. At UCLA , however, the face was for a long time John Wooden , as basketball was much more successful than football.
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- Nicole LaVoi: Head coaches of women's collegiate teams: A report on select NCAA Division-I FBS institutions, 2013-14. 2014.