Heinrich Severit

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William Erich Heinrich Severit (* 19th December 1888 in Northeim ; † 9. May 1977 ) was a German businessman , local politician of the Nazi party , the NSDAP local group leader and mayor of the Saxon town of Radebeul .


After completing high school and graduating from commercial and commercial college, Severit worked for the Lehn & Severit asbestos works in Berlin from 1911 to 1912. From 1912 to 1923 he worked for the Continental Caoutchouc and Gutta Percha Compagnie in Hanover , interrupted from 1914 to 1919 by his military service in the First World War .

From November 1922 to November 1923 Severit was a member of the NSDAP in Hanover. Because of his political commitment to the party, which was banned at the time, Severit lost his "leading position" at Continental.

In June 1924 Severit married Linda Fata, with whom he later had two children. Also from 1924 he took over the management of the import business B. Fata in Radebeul , where he lived in the house of his in-laws at Leipziger Strasse 47 .

In June 1927 Severit rejoined the NSDAP. Parallel to his professional activity occurred Severit as a political orator around Dresden and became the Amtswalter the party later Ortsgruppenleiter Radebeul. In the 1930s, his party membership was retroactively credited to him from the date he joined in 1922.

In June 1933 Severit gave up his activity as a businessman and on June 16, 1933, succeeded Richard Knauthe as First Mayor of Radebeul; he also sat on the local city council. In 1934, Radebeul incorporated the neighboring communities of Oberlößnitz and Wahnsdorf . In the following years Severit lived at Hindenburgstrasse 49, d. H. in the former Oberlößnitz town hall , which was rededicated as a residential building.

With the merger of the neighboring cities of Radebeul and Kötzschenbroda in 1935 under the new name Radebeul and the elevation of the city to a district-free urban district , Severit became Mayor of Radebeul . Wilhelm Brunner , who until then was mayor of Kötzschenbroda, briefly became second mayor under Severit before he was appointed mayor of Pirna in 1935 .

During his time as Lord Mayor, Severit mainly campaigned for the recovery of the vineyards, which were still only partially torn up after the phylloxera disaster at the end of the 19th century, but this was only possible through the exploitation of foreign forced laborers . In order to create affordable living space, he campaigned, among other things, for the construction of the settlement of the Landessiedlungsgesellschaft Sachsen in the Naundorf district .

Severit was Obersturmführer of the SA and holder of the golden party badge of the NSDAP (so-called old fighter ).

At the initiative of the Red Army, he assured the Soviet interpreter Ilja Bela Schulmann on May 7, 1945 that the city of Radebeul would not be defended, which enabled the city to be surrendered almost without a fight.

With the end of the Second World War and the compulsory handover of the mayor's office on May 7, 1945 to Gustav Philipp from the KPD , Severit was imprisoned in special camp No. 4 in Bautzen . In 1950 he was released to Radebeul and registered again in May 1950 in his native Northeim.

Severit was buried in the Northeimer Friedhof.


  • Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
  • Lord Mayor Severit 50 years . In: Kötzschenbrodaer General-Anzeiger from December 19, 1938.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Lord Mayor Severit 50 years . In: Kötzschenbrodaer General-Anzeiger from December 19, 1938.
  2. a b c Written information from the Radebeul City Archives to users: Jbergner on July 18, 2011.
  3. Pirna Chronicle 1935
  4. memory + responsibility; Saxon viticulture during National Socialism; An exhibition of the Saxon Wine Museum Hoflößnitz