Heinrich Wilke (painter)

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Heinrich Wilke (born February 3, 1869 in Berlin , † November 19, 1952 in Güstrow ) was a German portraitist , landscape and history painter .


After attending a secondary school from 1887 to 1891, Heinrich Wilke studied painting at the Berlin School of Fine Arts, a. a. with Hugo Vogel . In 1890 two of his works, depicting Pompeian women's baths , were awarded prizes and exhibited in the Academy of Fine Arts . In 1891/1892 further studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich followed. In Munich he belonged to the circle around the painters Bruno Piglhein , Ludwig Thiersch and Carl Gustaf Hellqvist , about whom he wrote a biography in 1891. His large oil painting Christ on the Oelberg , created in 1892, was exhibited in the Glaspalast in Munich .

From 1893 he resided in Berlin again and worked as a portrait and history painter. Study trips took him to Italy in 1892, 1896/1897 and 1901/1902. In 1900 he became a board member of the General German Art Cooperative and the Association of Berlin Artists . He was also a shop steward of the Free Artists' Association and a member of the Association of German Illustrators. Between 1893 and 1916 he was regularly represented with his works at the great Berlin art exhibitions , for example in 1894 with Socrates, saying goodbye to his students, or in 1910 with the work Insel der Blessed .

In 1917, at the invitation of the industrialist Richard van Tongel, he came to Güstrow to carry out the commissioned work of the van Tongel steel works . As a result, he became a sought-after portrait painter, as evidenced by around 100 portraits of the Güstrow bourgeoisie, created between 1918 and 1921. In 1921 Güstrow became his adopted home, he lived at Neue Wallstraße 2 and had his studio at Gleviner Straße 37.

While Wilke's work was determined by historical themes in addition to portraits during his time in Berlin, a number of Mecklenburg landscapes were later created. The Güstrower Stadtmuseum has 29 works by Wilkes in its collection.

Exhibitions (selection)

  • 1896: International Art Exhibition Berlin ( Abel's and Kain's victims )
  • 1893–1916: regular participation in the great Berlin art exhibitions (including Immortellen and Sphärenmusik 1900, Insel der Seligen 1910, Nymphenreigen 1911, Bacchantes lead the wine blissful Silenos in 1912 and Maria on the run 1916)
  • 1921: Rostock Municipal Museum: Painting by the painter Heinrich Wilke (Güstrow) - realized by the Rostock Art Association
  • 1926: Heinrich Wilke exhibition in the Museum am Alten Garten , Schwerin
  • 1928: Güstrower Museum
  • 1939: Exhibition of contemporary painters in the Mecklenburgisches Landesmuseum Schwerin ( early spring, Jungskopf, Boy with accordion )
  • 1994: Heinrich Wilke, 1869–1953: Cabinet exhibition in the Museum of the City of Güstrow from June 24 to September 4, 1994


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. The year of death 1952 follows the information in the studies on the city history of the Barlachstadt Güstrow. Iris Brüdgam (Museum Güstrow) also gives 1952 as the year of death (Güstrower Jahrbuch 2008). The German National Library (GND 135661498 ) and Grete Grewolls name 1953.
  2. a b H. E. Wohlfahrt: Man and landscape in art. […] See literature.
  3. ^ Heinrich Wilke: Biography of the painter Carl Gustav Hellquist - edited from authentic sources. Conrad, Berlin 1891. ( Proof in GBV )
  4. Wilke, Heinrich, Munich, Schellingstrasse 27. # 1955, “Christ on the Oelberg”. In: Illustrated catalog of the VI. International art exhibition 1892 in the Kgl. Glass Palace, June 1st - end of October. 2nd edition Munich 1892. ( Digitalized MDZ-BSB )
  5. Wilke, H. In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1895, part 1, p. 1503. “Portr. u. History painter, S Urbanstr. 1. IV, living. S II Belle-Alliance-Str. 85. II ".
  6. Wilke, Heinrich . In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1915, part 1, p. 3455. “Portrait u. History mark. u. Illustrat., Wilmersdf., Paulsborner Str. 87 (Post Halensee), Wohn. Grunewald, Schinkelstr. 6 ".
  7. Wilke, Heinrich, Berlin, # 1712, "Sokrates, taking leave of his students". In: Große Berliner Kunstausstellung (Ed.), Catalog 1894. p. 93, (shown on p. 51 digitalisat digishelf.de )
  8. Wilke, Heinrich, Berlin, room 25, # 1147, "Isle of the Blessed". In: Great Berlin Art Exhibition (ed.), Catalog 1910. P. 77/140. ( Digitized digishelf.de )
  9. a b Grete Grewolls: Who was who in Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania. The dictionary of persons . Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2011, ISBN 978-3-356-01301-6 , p. 10894 .
  10. a b Activity report of the board of directors of the Art and Antiquities Association Güstrow e. V. for the period from May 2013 to April 2014
  11. Wilke, Heinrich, Berlin, # 2441, "Abel's and Cain's offering". In: International Art Exhibition Berlin 1896. Catalog, p. 131. ( Digitalisat digishelf.de )
  12. Rostock City Museum, October 9, 1921 - November 6, 1921
  13. ^ Heinrich Reifferscheid : Exhibition Heinrich Wilke in the museum at the old garden. In: Mecklenburgische Zeitung, Bärensprung, Schwerin 1926, No. 152 ( evidence LBMV )