Hermann Friedrich Emmrich

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Hermann Friedrich Emmrich

Hermann Friedrich Emmrich (born February 7, 1815 in Meiningen ; † January 24, 1879 there ) was a German teacher, geologist and paleontologist .

He was the son of the court preacher and consistorial councilor Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich (1773-1837). In 1834 he first studied theology at the University of Göttingen and then natural sciences at the Universities of Munich and Berlin. In 1838 he was the successor of Friedrich August Quenstedt assistant to Christian Samuel Weiss and in 1839 he received his doctorate on trilobites at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin . He then became a teacher and, from 1870, as the successor to the pedagogue and physicist Karl Wilhelm Kniehauer, director of the secondary school in Meiningen.

In 1848 he married Adolfine Johanna Emilie Müller (daughter of Hofrat Friedrich Andreas Müller) in Neubrandenburg and had four sons and four daughters.

Emmrich first dealt with the geology of Thuringia and Franconia and then turned to the Alps. He mapped in South Tyrol ( Gadertal , St. Kassian , Seiser Alm ) and created a Triassic profile and a Triassic structure of South Tyrol later confirmed by other authors . In 1846 he mapped Berchtesgaden and Salzburg and was the first to create an accurate breakdown of the Jura and Chalk on the northern edge of the Bavarian Alps. He also examined the tertiary molasses in Upper Bavaria. In 1873 he investigated the erosion of the Triassic layers in Thuringia. In 1849 he was accepted as a member (serial no. 30 of 170 members) in the German Geological Society , which was newly founded at the end of December 1848 . In 1875 he was given the title of Hofrat by the Duke. On December 1, 1875, Emmrich succeeded in winning the geologist Hermann Pröscholdt as a teacher for the Meiningen secondary school.

As a paleontologist, he mainly dealt with trilobites. He also examined fossils of vertebrates ( Kaltennordheim in the Rhön ) and snails (brown coal of the Rhön).

He named the trilobite genus Phacops (1839), Odontopleura (1839) and Trinucleus (1844).

The trilobite genus Emmrichops was named in his honor (Marek 1961).

After his death, his brother Anton Emmrich (1820–1897) succeeded him as rector of the Meiningen secondary school. His work as an employee for the geological survey was continued by the Meiningen engineer and later Bergrat W. Frantzen and Hermann Pröscholdt.


  • De trilobitis. Dissertation, Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin, 1839
  • On the natural history of the trilobites. Program of the Meiningen secondary school, 1844
  • About the trilobites. In: New yearbook for mineralogy, geognosy, geology and petrefactuality, E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart 1845, pp. 18–62 digitized , panel I digitized
  • Geognostic notes on the Alpine limestone and its structure in the Bavarian mountains. Journal of the German Geological Society, Volume I, 1849, pp. 263–288 digitized
  • The shell limestone near Meiningen. Journal of the German Geological Society, Volume II, 27 - 38, Berlin 1850 digitized
  • Geognostic from the area of ​​the Bavarian Traun and its neighborhood. Journal of the German Geological Society, Volume IV, 1852, pp. 83–95 digitized
  • Sketch of the geognostic conditions of the Duchy of S. Meiningen. Program of the Meiningen secondary school, 1856
  • Geological history of the Alps. Jena 1874
  • On the geology of the Meiningen area. III. The grave field. Program of the Meiningen Realschule, 1876 digitized


Notes and individual references

  1. ^ Journal of the German Geological Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, 1849, p. 38 BHL
  2. ↑ listed under: Non-employed employees
  3. Scan in the Biodiversity Library