Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich

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Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich (born January 25, 1773 in Meiningen ; † May 10, 1837 there ) was a German Protestant clergyman and educator.


Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich was the third child of Johann Adam Emmrich (* October 23, 1734 in Salzungen ; † September 12, 1796 in Meiningen), inspector and archdeacon in Meiningen and his wife Elisabeth Friederike Erdmuthe (* 1747 in Meiningen; † unknown) , a daughter of Johann Georg Erk (born September 4, 1708 in Meiningen; † August 25, 1772 ibid), court advocate and mayor of Meiningen. He still had four brothers and five sisters, but one of these brothers and sisters died in childhood.

He came to the Meiningen Lyceum in 1782 to prepare for his studies; his teachers there were Otto Benjamin Otto (1748–1801), Johannes Jacob Elias Haberland (1746–1810) and rector Johann Caspar Buzer (1752–1818), and last year Johann Konrad Schaubach (1764–1849), later rector and Consistorial Council. When Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich left school, he gave a farewell speech on the subject of the benefits of mathematics for all classes .

On October 17, 1791, he began studying theology at the University of Göttingen , although he would have preferred to study mathematics and medicine, but this was not possible due to a lack of financial resources. He lived with his brothers, who also studied in Göttingen . His eldest brother Jacob Friedrich Georg Emmrich (1766-1839), who studied law, later became a judge of appeal in Ansbach and his second oldest brother Wilhelm (* unknown; † June 11, 1796) also studied theology. At the University of Göttingen, he heard lectures from Gottlieb Jakob Planck , Johann Friedrich Schleusner , Karl Friedrich Stäudlin , Ludwig Timotheus Spittler , Johann Gottfried Eichhorn , Friedrich Ludewig Bouterweck , Johann Georg Heinrich Feder , Christian Gottlob Heyne , Johann Gottlob Marezoll and Abraham Gotthelf Kästner . For his livelihood, he also made literary works and also taught privately. To get to know the human body better, he also attended the anatomical lectures given by Professor Heinrich August Wrisberg . He practiced preaching in Göttingen and in the surrounding villages of Landolfshausen , Falkenhagen , Großen- and Kleinenlengden , as well as during the holidays in Meiningen and in the surrounding villages there. In 1793 he had to leave the university prematurely because his father could no longer pay for the education. He made up for the missing knowledge by studying privately.

On May 16, 1794 he passed the exam and was accepted as a candidate, then he stayed with his parents for another year and continued to practice preaching. Because he saw no future for himself as the 51st candidate, he accepted a position as court master in Langen with the rent master Heym and traveled there on October 22, 1795 to teach his three sons; the oldest of them, the later district councilor Heym from Groß-Gerau, visited him at the end of 1836. During the war, he occasionally took on assignments for the rent master, so that he had to travel with a Sauvegarde to areas where the sans-culottes plundered and robbed, so that his life was occasionally in danger. He also continued to preach during his stay in Langen and the surrounding villages of Sprendlingen , Hainder Dreieichen , Philippseich and the garrison church in Darmstadt . His sermons were widely acclaimed and he had good prospects of a pastorate, but within three months he lost his second oldest brother and father. Six weeks after his death, to support his mother, he was appointed by his Duke Georg I as Tertius at the Meiningen City School and introduced there on November 8, 1796; on May 5, 1797 he was appointed collaborator at the Lyceum. He taught German, history and geography in all three classes. On September 6, 1799, he was promoted to vice rector at the Lyceum.

On December 9, 1801, Duke Georg I entrusted him with the teaching of his two princesses Adelheid , who later became Queen of England and Ida, in religion, geography and the German language, which he taught for eight years.

On January 17, 1802 he was ordained and on January 19, 1802 he became a court church collaborator. On March 29, 1802 he became the administrator of Johann Ernst Henfling's foundation , which made it possible for poor students to be able to afford to attend school. In his administration until 1834 he increased the capital stock from 6,418 Rhenish guilders to 9,946 Rhenish guilders, so that two more could be added to the seven student positions; in the same year he also became a poor carer , which he held until 1827. Also in 1802 he became a reviewer at the General German Library in the area of ​​the German language of High German dialect and remained this until his death. With regard to poetry and the German language, he cultivated a friendship with the senior librarian Wilhelm Friedrich Hermann Reinwald ; both reviewed each other. In the field of local history, he was friends with the superintendent Ernst Julius Walch (1751-1825) in Salzungen.

On January 19, 1804 he was appointed court chaplain , on April 21, 1816 court preacher and on January 27, 1827 consistorial councilor ; as such, he was the consultant for all poor affairs of the consistory until it was moved to Hildburghausen on April 1, 1829 . On April 2, 1830 he became senior court preacher .

In his free time he devoted himself to the study of patriotic history, in particular the unprocessed state and regent history of his royal house. His research is recorded in the Meiningschen non-profit paperback (1801–1805 and 1807), from 1803 to 1807 he was also the editor of the paperback. He also published in the archive he edited for the ducal S. Meiningische Lande . In the German regent almanac he wrote the biography of Prince Bernhard II, Duke of Meiningen (pp. 374-410) and he participated in the publication of the continuation of the chronicle of the city of Meiningen from 1676 to 1834, which was published by the Henneberg antiquity research association.

To dissipate himself, he went to his mountain garden in summer, which he had laid out himself and in which most of the trees had been planted and grafted by him; he has done a lot to spread good types of fruit in his area and has an important tree nursery.

On June 7, 1804 he married Christiane Elisabeth (* February 27, 1779; † unknown), the eldest daughter of the senator and businessman Adam Georg Amthor (* unknown; † August 17, 1818) from Meiningen in Ritschenhausen . Of his eight children, three sons were still alive when he died:

  • Johann Georg Friedrich Emmrich (born November 11, 1805; † unknown), medical doctor and general practitioner in Meiningen;
  • Hermann Friedrich Emmrich (born February 7, 1815 in Meiningen; † January 24, 1879 there), teacher, geologist and paleontologist ;
  • Georg Anton Eduard Friedrich Emmrich (* February 8, 1820, † 1897), Rector of the Meiningen Secondary School, later became an honorary citizen of Meiningen.


He was an honorary member of the Henneberg Antiquities Research Association .

Fonts (selection)

  • Wilhelm Friedrich Hermann Reinwald; Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich: I. Choir: Georgen crown happiness Him who guards His people with a fatherly look. Meiningen 1800.
  • History of the city of Meiningen under the sovereignty of Würzburg (1008–1542) , Meiningen 1804.
  • A few words of respect and love at the coffin of Mr. M. Johann Christoph Rasche, former adjunct, pastor and assessor in the spiritual lower court in Maßfeld, spoken on April 24, 1805 by GCF Emmrich, court chaplain . Meiningen 1805.
  • Life story of Duke George the Unforgettable . Meiningen 1805.
  • Duke Georg von Sachsen-Coburg-Meiningen: born on 4th February 1761, died on 24th December 1803 . Meiningen 1806.
  • Poems . Meiningen in Verlag Hannschen Hofbuchhandlung 1807.
  • To the worthy cheering couple: Congratulatory poem to Johann Ernst Anschütz, manor owner and wine merchant in Suhl, and Catharina Anschütz on their golden wedding, February 15, 1814 . Suhl Lange 1814.
  • Consecration of the soldiers of the Duchy of S. Meiningen for the holy battle for German freedom and fatherland, spoken at the altar of the court church in Meiningen . Meiningen 1814.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Karl Wilhelm Dietrich: Our good sister. Wedding poem to Karl Wilhelm Dietrich, actuary, and Johanna Sophie Friederike Anschütz, January 29th, 1815 . Suhl Lange 1815.
  • Sermons by Georg Carl Friedrich Emmrich, court preacher in Meiningen . Meiningen, 1816.
  • The Herrmann and Köhler wedding celebrations. Wedding poem to Herrmann and Köhler, Feb. 7, 1816 . Meiningen 1816.
  • Consecrated by the herzogl for the delighted wedding of Sr. Highness of the Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach with the most noble princess Jda of Saxe-Coburg-Meiningen. Lyceo and the Meiningen City School . Meiningen 1816.
  • The most noble Princess Ida on the happy morning: wedding poem for Princess Ida of Saxe-Coburg-Meiningen, May 30, 1816 . Meiningen 1816.
  • I wound a myrtle wreath. Wedding poem to Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and Princess Ida of Saxe-Coburg-Meiningen, May 30, 1816 . Meiningen 1816.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Libette Emmrich; Friedrich Kleinfeller: Wishes of love on the day of the happy marriage. Wedding poem to Friedrich Kleinfeller and Caroline Straßburger, June 23, 1818 . Meiningen 1818.
  • The most noble Princess Adelheid. Farewell letter to Princess Adelheid von Sachsen-Meiningen on the occasion of her departure for England . Meiningen Hartmann 1818.
  • At your cradle festival, I dare to approach you . Meiningen 1820.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Caroline Kleinfeller; Friedrich Kleinfeller; Ernestine Strasbourg; Auguste Strasbourg; Emilie Strassburger; Johann Carl Gottlieb Strassburger: Bey the joyful jubilation of the silver wedding. Congratulatory poem for Johann Carl Gottlieb Strassburger and his wife on the occasion of their silver wedding anniversary, February 8th, 1821 . Kühndorf 1821.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Libette Emmrich; Adolph Ziegler; Franz Ziegler: Wishes of love for a happy wedding celebration. Wedding poem for Adolph and Franz Ziegler on the occasion of their marriage to Ernestine and Auguste Straßburger, August 12th and 13th, 1821 . Meiningen 1821.
  • To the silver jubilation of the Casino Society in Meiningen . Meiningen 1821.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Johann Christian Theodor Döbner: To the gentleman secret government council. Congratulatory poem to Johann Christian Theodor Döbner, Privy Councilor, for the silver wedding, June 2, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Consecrated to the worthy, loyal teacher and fatherly joy, Mr. Landschulen Inspector Keyßner, in awe and love from his grateful students Meiningen, March 4th, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Sr. Your Highness to the ruling Lord Duke. Poem to Bernhard Erich Freund, Duke of Saxony-Meiningen and Maria Friederike Wilhelmine Christiane, Duchess of Saxony-Meiningen, born. Princess of Kurhessen on the occasion of her arrival in Meiningen, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • In the heart is the high altar of consecration: There comes the citizen's love and loyalty for you! The peace of heaven must float around you! Bernhard and Maria should live high. Wedding poem to Bernhard, Duke of Saxony-Meiningen and Maria Friederike Wilhelmine Christiane, Duchess of Saxony-Meiningen, born. Princess of Kurhessen, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Welcome, dear royal couple, welcome! See: all hearts come towards you! Be embraced with the purest homage here on the border of our city. Poem to Bernhard, Duke of Saxony-Meiningen and Maria Friederike Wilhelmine Christiane, Duchess of Saxony-Meiningen, born. Princess of Kurhessen, on the occasion of her arrival in 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Te deum laudamus to the ecclesiastical Dankfeyer. Congratulations to Bernhard, Duke of Saxony-Meiningen and Maria Friederike Wilhelmine Christiane, Princess of Kurhessen on the occasion of their wedding and moving-in party, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Friedrich Mosengeil : To the Lord Consistorial Councilor. Congratulatory poem to Senior Consistorial Councilor Mosengeil on his silver wedding, Jan. 22, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • The love that loves and pledges itself has completed your hearts' most beautiful victory! Wedding poem to Bernhard, Duke of Saxony-Meiningen and Maria Friederike Wilhelmine Christiane, Duchess of Saxony-Meiningen, born. Princess of Kurhessen, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Georg Karl Friedrich Emmrich; Juliane Schwanitz; Johann Philipp Bach : To my beloved dear father. Congratulatory poem to Johann Philipp Bach, cabinet painter and court organist, on his golden jubilee of shooting, August 17, 1825 . Meiningen 1825.
  • Feelings of love at death. Mourning poem for Christoph Julius Karl Hausen, teacher at the forest academy in Dreyzigeracker, † November 1826 . Meiningen 1826.
  • The precious memory of our beloved father, father-in-law and grandfather. Mourning poem for Johann Carl Gottlieb Strassburger, chief magistrate and manor owner on Ellingshausen, † April 28, 1828 . Meiningen 1828.
  • What are the main features in the painting of a happy land? A sermon at the opening of the Landtag on the 21st Sunday after Trinity 1830 in the Herzogl. Hofkirche held at Meiningen. For the good of the new hospital . Meiningen, 1830.
  • Speech at the grave of Sr. Ercellenz of the State Minister von Koenitz; held on Jerusalem January 17, 1832 . Meiningen, 1832.
  • Speech at the Duke's grave. SM Cammerrathes Philipp Heinrich Hartmann . Meiningen, June 6, 1832.