Duchy of Freudenthal

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The Duchy of Freudenthal ( Bruntálské knížectví , also Bruntálsko in Czech ) was a part of the Opava branch of the Přemyslids from 1377 to 1452 .

From 1682 to 1684 it was an independent duchy when the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order Johann Caspar von Ampringen was Duke of Freudenthal in his capacity as Governor of Silesia .


The north Moravian area of Freudenthal was initially owned by the sovereign and was later assigned to the newly founded Přemyslid Duchy of Opava . After its division in 1377, it was spun off from this and was then temporarily owned by the Dukes of Jägerndorf and the Dukes of Ratibor , whose rulers were also Přemyslids at that time. The following dukes carried the title Duke of Freudenthal :

  • Johann I , 1365–80 / 82 Duke of Ratibor, 1367–1377 Duke of Troppau, since 1377 also Duke of Jägerndorf and Freudenthal
  • Johann II. , 1380 / 82–1424 Duke of Ratibor and Freudenthal, 1380 / 82– before 1385 and from 1422 Duke of Jägerndorf
  • Nicholas IV of Freudenthal († 1405/07)
  • Nicholas V , 1424–1437 Duke of Jägerndorf and Ratibor, 1437–1452 Duke of Freudenthal and Rybnik

Probably under Duke Johann IV , who dubbed Duke von Jägerndorf from 1452–1474, the Freudenthal area came to the Lords of Würben auf Freudenthal , who have been the owners of Freudenthal since 1473/74. They achieved that the rule Freudenthal was spun off from the Duchy of Jägerndorf, added back to the Duchy of Opava and raised to a minority ( status minor ). Since Johann von Würben and Freudenthal was involved in the Bohemian uprising of 1618, the Freudenthal rule was confiscated by the Emperor after the Battle of White Mountain in 1620 and sold to the Teutonic Order .

Freudenthal Castle

After the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Johann Caspar von Ampringen, was appointed Oberlandeshauptmann von Silesia in 1682, the rule of Freudenthal was increased to an independent duchy for his lifetime. The increase had become necessary because according to the great state privilege of the Bohemian King Vladislav II from 1498 the governor of Silesia should always be a Silesian prince.

After the death of Grand Master Johann Caspar von Ampringen in 1684, the duchy expired. The rule of Freudenthal remained in the possession of the Teutonic Order.

Individual evidence

  1. Joachim Bahlcke , Winfried Eberhard, Miloslav Polívka (eds.): Handbook of historical sites. Volume: Bohemia and Moravia (= Kröner's pocket edition. Volume 329). Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8 , p. 150.