Wooden churches by Kizhi Pogost
The wooden churches of Kizhi Pogost are located on the island of Kizhi in the western part of Lake Onega in Russia . The 35 m high Transfiguration Church, built in 1714, crowned by 22 onion domes and covered by 30,000 shingles made of aspen wood , is regarded as the boldest preserved wooden structure in Russia, in which no nail was used. It is the successor to a burned down church and today the only surviving multi-domed church in the world made of wood. According to local legend, the church is said to be the work of the legendary builder Nestor , who is said to have thrown his ax into Lake Onega after completion so that such a magnificent building would never be built again. The Transfiguration Church is currently being restored and will not be reopened until its 300th anniversary in 2014 [obsolete] .
The bell tower of the Church of Mary Protection and Intercession was rebuilt in 1862 after the old one had become dilapidated. After the church was closed after the October Revolution , the bells were reconstructed in 1988 and the church was rededicated in 1994. The small Lazarus church comes from the Murom monastery founded by Lazarus on the east bank of Lake Onega; it is from 1390 and thus the oldest wooden sacred building.
Today there are around 60 historical wooden buildings from Karelia and Northern Russia on Kizhi. In addition to the chapels and churches, there are bath houses, farmhouses, a forge, granaries, wayside crosses and a windmill. The island can be reached by hydrofoil from Petrozavodsk, 70 km away . The cruise ships between St. Petersburg and Moscow also stop at the island . Today around 170,000 guests from all over the world come to Kizhi Pogost, which is an open-air museum and whose buildings are a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
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Coordinates: 62 ° 4 ′ 4 ″ N , 35 ° 13 ′ 25 ″ E