Jacques Villon

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From left to right: Marcel Duchamp, Jacques Villon and Raymond Duchamp-Villon in the garden of Jacques Villon's studio in Puteaux, around 1913. Photo: Smithsonian Institution

Jacques Villon (born July 31, 1875 in Damville , † June 9, 1963 in Puteaux near Paris ), actually Gaston Émile Duchamp , was a French painter and graphic artist. He took his pseudonym in 1894 after the novel Jack in honor of the French poet Alphonse Daudet , the surname in honor of François Villon , but in his own pronunciation as Vilon [ viˈlɔn ].

life and work

Comedy of Society (1903), etching and aquatint, Honolulu Museum of Art

Jacques Villon was the first son of six children of the notary Justin-Isidore "Eugène" Duchamp and his wife Marie Caroline Lucie Duchamp, a daughter of the painter, engraver and shipbroker Émile Frédéric Nicolle (1830-1894) and the oldest brother of the artist Raymond Duchamp- Villon , Marcel Duchamp and Suzanne Duchamp . Together with Marcel Duchamp, Albert Gleizes , Francis Picabia and Juan Gris , he belonged to the French artist group Section d'Or from 1912 .

After finishing school in Rouen, Villon studied law and worked as a notary for some time. In 1894 he left Rouen, went to Paris and studied at the École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts . From 1894 to 1906 he worked as a cartoonist and satirical draftsman for several magazines in Paris , such as the Gil Blas , Chat Noir and L'Assiette au beurre . He also designed posters, using the technique of lithography like Toulouse-Lautrec . From 1899 to 1909 he printed around sixty color aquatins for Eugène Delâtre. He then retired to Puteaux, outside Paris, where he created around 700 paintings. In 1913 he took part in the legendary Armory Show in New York. After the First World War , Villon mainly dealt with printmaking, especially drypoint and aquatint, but did not give up painting. The first non-representational pictures were created in 1919. He was discovered by a gallery owner in the late 1940s. In the last two decades of his life, Jacques Villon also dealt with the illustration of books.

He is best known for his graphic work. For a long time he was considered a representative of Cubism , but today's art scholars also appreciate the combination of various other styles ( impressionism , futurism ) in his works.

His awards and honors include the Carnegie Prize (First Prize), Pittsburgh, in 1950, the appointment as Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur (C. LH) in 1954 and the Grand Prize of the Venice Biennale in 1956.

Jacques Villon was a participant in documenta 1 (1955), documenta II (1959) and also posthumously represented at documenta III in 1964 in Kassel .



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Grove Dictionary of Art
  2. La Collection. Paris 2009, p. 550.
  3. ^ Georges Charbonnier: Entretien avec Jacques Villon. Paris 1980, p. 96.
  4. La Collection. Paris 2009, pp. 550–551, color illustration p. 551.
  5. La Collection. Paris 2009, pp. 550–551, color illustration p. 551.