Ještěd peak at dusk
Origin of the name
The origin of the name is uncertain, the name of Eschenberg probably derives from the tree species that once predominated there. In Czech the name is first recorded in 1545 as "Jesstied" (pod horou Jesstiedem) , the German form is first mentioned in 1565 as "Jeschkenberg".
Location and surroundings
Ještěd is located immediately southwest of Liberec ( German Reichenberg ) and is its local mountain . The Horní Hanychov (Oberhanichen) district and the Světlá pod Ještědem ( German Swetla ) district are right at the foot of the mountain . The Ještědský potok rises on the northwest slope .
On the slopes of the Ještěd ridge there are a number of ski lifts and slopes for alpine skiing. The Ještěd ski jumps are also known . International ski jumping competitions are also regularly held on the large K120 facility. On Ještěd there is also a bike park with five runs of different lengths and degrees of difficulty, with some of the ski runs being used or crossed.
In the 1860s, a surveying station was built on the summit, as station no. 4 “Jeschken”, a first-order station of the royal Saxon triangulation .
On August 7, 1870, a tábor lidu (People's Tábor, a national meeting of the Czech patriots, which was followed by other Tábors) took place on the mountain , from which the Sociálně democická strana českoslovanská v Rakousku , the Czech Social Democracy, emerged in 1878 .
In 1906 the German Mountain Association built a mountain hotel for the Jeschken and Jizera Mountains, for which promissory notes had been issued. The Jeschke cable car from Horní Hanychov to the summit was opened in 1933.
On August 23, 1940 around midnight, a Heinkel He 111 aircraft of the II. Kampfgeschwader (Lion Squadron) crashed into the mountain near the summit in Lüneburg and tore a long swath into the forest. The four inmates died in this accident.
In 2009, part of the Nordic World Ski Championships was held on Ještěd.
After the mountain hotel built in 1906 burned down on January 31, 1963, a 99.86 meter high futuristic building, the Ještěd television tower , was rebuilt from 1966 to 1973 according to the design by the architect Karel Hubáček . The architect was awarded the Auguste Perret Prize for the building, which takes the shape of the mountain slopes in the form of a rotational hyperboloid and continues it upwards . The tower serves as an observation tower, transmission mast, hotel and restaurant. An application to include this building on the UNESCO World Heritage List has been running since 2007 .
The hotel is the focus of the novel “Grandhotel” (2006) by Jaroslav Rudiš .
Paths to the summit
- From Horní Hanychov ( Oberhanichen ), a district of Liberec, a cable car runs to the summit.
- From the pass Výpřež ( On the instep ) a narrow paved road leads to the mountain. It is possible to drive up with your own vehicle. There is a parking fee to be paid.
- Hikers reach the summit via a variety of marked hiking trails. The cheapest starting point is the terminus of the Liberec tram line 3 in Horní Hanychov.
- Over the hill cause red marks of the European hiking E3 and the mountain trail Eisenach-Budapest .
The “Hundreds Competition” is an unusual race on Ještěd. It's about climbing the summit a hundred times in a very short time and also getting the badge for a thousand or five thousand ascents. In the bar on Ještěd there were awards and a half-liter glass with names and the number of hundreds of climbs.
In 2000 the tradition was resumed.
- The Reichenberger Adolf Trenkler used the daily hike up the mountain as a weight loss regimen and in 1900 he achieved the remarkable number of 2,000 ascents.
- In the course of 1937 Lilly Flassak achieved a total of 709 ascents.
- Frieda Mandelik achieved the absolute record with 5,000 ascents by 1937.
- In 1922, the mountaineer Rudolf Kauschka, together with others, managed twelve ascents in a single day.
- Začátek táborového hnutí
- Zástupci ČSSD zavzpomínali nejen na ještědské události z roku 1870 13 August 2013
- Company Ještěd sro: website of the hotel. (No longer available online.) In: www.jested.cz. 2011, formerly in the original ; Retrieved October 8, 2011 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.