Jean-François Moulin

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Jean-François Moulin

Jean-François Auguste Moulin , also Jean-François Moulins (born March 14, 1752 in Caen , † March 12, 1810 in Pierrelafitte ) was a French officer and in 1799 a member of the Directory of the Republic .


He was the son of a trader, was raised by Jesuits and joined the Régiment de Bretagne of the French army in 1768 . He was a geographer for the coast guard from 1770 to 1788 and joined the Garde nationale after the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789 . He was a Jacobin and rose quickly in the army. As early as 1793 he was Général de brigade . He took part in the fights in the Vendée and distinguished himself among others at Saumur . After a brief imprisonment in Nantes , he served as commander of the army at Brest in 1794 . On October 8, 1794, he was appointed supreme commander of the Alpine Army. In 1795 he was involved in the fighting in Piedmont . He then had a command in Strasbourg (1796). In 1797 he was military commander of Paris . A year later he briefly commanded the Armée d'Angleterre , which was planned for the invasion of England .

Until the coup d'état of 30th Prairial VII (June 18, 1799) he had played no significant political role. After that he was nominated by the Council of Five Hundred as one of ten candidates for the Board of Directors and was elected with a large majority. He was thus a member of the governing board of directors. He protested against the putsch of 18th Brumaire , with which Napoleon Bonaparte took power.

He later took over military commands again. In 1804 he was in command of the Antwerp Army, in 1807 a member of the Grande Armée and in 1808 was ambassador and military inspector in Mainz . He continued to serve in military posts, including as commander of various cities in Germany, and returned to France in 1809 for health reasons, where he was appointed Baron of the Empire.

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