Johann Christoph Weigel

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
World map from the Atlas portatilis (1717) by Melissantes (author) and Johann Christoph Weigel (engraver)
Map of Europe from the Atlas portatilis (1717) by Melissantes (author) and Johann Christoph Weigel (engraver)
Title copper by Johann Christoph Weigel from: Vignola's Basic Rules on The Five Columns by Johann Rudolph Fäsch, Nuremberg around 1720

Johann Christoph Weigel (born July 15, 1661 in Redwitz , † September 3, 1726 in Nuremberg ) was a German engraver , art dealer and publisher .

life and work

Johann Christoph Weigel learned the art of copper engraving from his more famous brother Christoph Weigel the elder . After various stations, including in Augsburg , he acquired citizenship in Nuremberg in 1700 . On November 22nd, 1700 he married Barbara Magdalena Schwab, daughter of the typist and mathematician Michael Schwab.

From 1705 the Weigel family's art shop and apartment were located in Neuen-Gasse at the Spital-Kirchhof. Since 1714 Weigel has been referred to in Nuremberg office books as a copper engraver and art guide. Weigel published and illustrated books by famous authors and musicians such as Leonardo da Vinci , Abraham a Sancta Clara , Johann Pachelbel , Amalia Pachelbel , Johann Leonhard Rost , Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr and Johann Gottfried Gregorii .

The engraver worked particularly in the scraping and line manner. Like his older brother Christoph, he had professional and family relationships with the imperial geographer and cartographer Johann Baptist Homann (1664–1724). Weigel had some of the bibliophile works printed by the important Nuremberg printers Johann Ernst Adelbulner and Lorenz Bieling. At the beginning of the 18th century, Weigel published books for children and young people, specialist literature, sheet music and art books. Several books illustrated and edited by Weigel are among the bibliophile treasures of the 18th century, some of which were reprinted especially in the 20th century , such as the fools satire Centi-Folium Stultorum in Quarto or Hundred Bound Fools, in Folio (1709 ).

The representations of baroque instruments in the musical theater are famous . Known stitches are in addition to its maps, illustrations of the two fools books and the representations of musical instruments of the altar of the Leipzig Thomas Church and a city view of Vienna (1710).

Weigel and Gregorii created one of the early German school atlases with the publication of the Atlas Portatilis, or Compendieuse Presentation of the Whole World, in a little cosmography, The Green Youth for the Best ... with copperplate engravings from Homann and Alain Manesson Mallet . Provided with detailed explanations and artfully crafted celestial, world and continental maps as well as map representations of European countries with strong colors, the handy atlas was suitable for both schoolchildren and travelers.

For the second part of the Atlas Portatilis, an atlas of Germany , Weigel and the text author Gregorii chose the map material and the signature system from Adam Friedrich Zürner as a template. In the Continued Atlas Portatilis Germanicus , first published in 1723, the Saxon Post-Chart Extract with a small city view of Leipzig and the small-format maps of the Thuringian-Saxon area are based on Zürner's work. The planned third part with Saxon office maps, the pocket atlases that appeared in several editions, did not materialize.

After his death in 1726, Weigel's publishing house was initially continued by his widow, who still published a number of her late husband's works. Until his wife's death in 1772, son Christoph Weigel (d. 1775) the younger successfully published his father's works, but also made a name for himself through his own book projects, such as the second part of Johann Sebastian Bach's piano exercise . August Gottlieb Schneider (1745–1815) and later his son-in-law Johann Jakob Weinhard managed the traditional publishing house until 1839. Some works from the Weigel publishing house, for example the small-format maps from the two-part Atlas Portatilis, were sold for a century.

Publications (selection)

  • [1] Gedancken pattern and instructions, 1700.
  • Decorative and artificially intertwined initial letters of all the names of the imperial house, of all the kings reigning now, of various high status as private persons: Sam [m] t a whole alphabet of all two letter names, along with different commercial symbols, beautiful borders u. Love trains; All sorts of artists for useful use, in particular Mahler, copper engraver, goldsmith, gold and silver piece, watchmaker, and Petschier engraver etc. / drawn by GH Paritio d. P. Joh. Christoph Weigel excudit; [2] Lower Saxony State and University Library Göttingen.
  • Perspectiva, Pes Picturae: That is: Short and easy drafting of the most practicable rules, for Perspectivischen drawing art / All lovers of this beautiful art for the benefit, invented, drawn and given out: by Johann Jacob Schübler. Nuremberg 1719, [3] Berlin State Library.
  • Jacobi Barozzi von Vignola's basic rules on the five pillars. - Auffs new to the most industrious overlooked, increased with different necessary rules, and explained with 50 cracks in Kupffer / by Johann Rudolph Fäsch, Architectum. Sr. Königl. Maj. In Pohlen and Thür. Fürstl: Durchl: Zu Sachsen, engineer captain, Nuremberg about 1720; [4] SLUB Dresden.
  • Newly increased Welperische Gnonomica or thorough instruction and description of how all regular sun clocks on flat places easily tear open / all kinds of deviating from the horizon / around noon or midnight for or behind / deviating and at the same time for or behind sun clocks describe / and in these all the XII. Heavenly signs / day and night length / rise and fall of the suns / all kinds of hours / item the Longitudines and Latitudiens of the cities and countries / the ascending signs / the XII. Heaven Houses & c. artificially entered. As well as all kinds of regular and irregular bodies / as sticks / balls & c. in get things / as hemispheres & c. / record all kinds of sun clocks on flat surfaces / next to those cylindrical clocks / sun rings / mirror quadrant and universal clocks / night, moon and star clocks & c. should be artfully made. by Eberhard Welper, Nuremberg 1708.
  • Centi-Folium Stultorum Jn Quarto: Or Hundred Foolish Fools / Jn Folio; Warmed up again / And in an alapatrite pate for a show dinner with a hundred beautiful Kupffer engravings ... put on / Abraham a Sancta Clara, Nuremberg 1709–1754; [5] Duchess Anna Amalia Library Weimar.
  • Mala Gallina, Malum Ovum, That is: As the old sung, so the young twinkle: In the second centi-folio Hundred Foolers, Also in Folio, According to the previous alapatrite pâté type So many fools Generis Masculini, Anjetzo also with similar confections , An equal number of fools Generis Foeminini, Morally presented to all honor and prudence-loving women in a hundred beautiful coppers to pass the time and warn well-meaning in a hundred beautiful coppers. Nuremberg and Vienna 1713; [6] Duchess Anna Amalia Library Weimar.
  • New and thorough instructions, How, according to a universal method, large solar clocks on every flat surface As nothing but horizontal, namely those that are in the meridiano of a given place without deviation, as actual, but which deviate from it as reduced horizontal- To describe clocks from an arithmetic foundation in different ways, as well as completely geometrically, according to the spherical geometry, to correctly record: But then on such all sorts of astronomical ideas, as the parallel of the equator before the XII. Heavenly signs and day lengths, the parallel of the horizon, or the Almucantharat, the Azimutha, finally the hour lines of the Babylonian, Italian, Nuremberg and Jewish clock, so probably to draw from an arithmetic as a geometric reason; For a further explanation of the newly multiplied Welperischen Gnomonique in four parts presented by Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, Nuremberg 1719; [7] Bavarian State Library, Munich.
  • Musical theater: on which all instruments belonging to this noble art are shown lively in graceful poses and presented to all music lovers for pleasing amusement, Nuremberg approx. 1720.
  • Very easy, reinvented way of spelling the French A, B, C. and teaching the ortography of said language in a short time = method trés facile, et nouvellement inventée, pour apprendre aux enfans eu peu de tems l'A, B, C , françois, à epeler, et l'Ortographe de la dite langue / [Georg Philipp Platz], Nuremberg 1720, [8] ULB Halle.
  • Wol-decent and useful women Room-enhancement: containing in itself a Neh- und Stick-book arranged according to the very latest Façon, by Amalia Beer b. Pachelbel, Nuremberg around 1720.
  • Atlas Portatilis, or Compendieuse Presentation of the whole world: in a little cosmography, The greening youth for the best in XXX. clean country charts with a brief explanation (1717–1780) by Johann Gottfried Gregorii and Johann Christoph Weigel, 2nd edition Nuremberg 1723; [9] Bavarian State Library, Munich.
  • Continued Atlas Portatilis Germanicus (1723–1780) by Johann Gottfried Gregorii and Johann Christoph Weigel, 2nd edition Nuremberg 1733; [10] Bavarian State Library, Munich.
  • The most useful treatise from the Mahlerey by the excellent Florentine Mahler Lionardo da Vinci . Translated from Italian and French into German; Even after the original with lots of coppers and clean woodcuts: and with the added life of the Auctoris promoted to print by Johann Georg Böhm . Nuremberg 1724 (further editions 1747 and 1786); [11] Duchess Anna Amalia Library Weimar.


  • Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts. Leipzig and Halle 1747, vol. 54, col. 292.
  • Alfred Berner: Musical theater. Facsimile reprint. Kassel / Basel / London / New York 1961, epilogue III – VII.
  • Michael Bauer: Christoph Weigel (1654–1725), engraver and art dealer in Augsburg and Nuremberg. In: Archives for the history of the book industry. Vol. 23, 1983, ISSN  0066-6327 , Col. 797-804.
  • Michael Diefenbacher, Markus Heinz, Ruth Bach-Damaskinos: Exquisite and very recent maps. Homann, Nuremberg 1702-1848. Nuremberg: Tümmels 2002, p. 52 f.
  • Carsten Berndt: Melissantes: a Thuringian polyhistor and his job descriptions in the 18th century; Life and work of Johann Gottfried Gregorii (1685–1770) as a contribution to the history of geography, cartography, genealogy, psychology, pedagogy and professional studies in Germany; [a Thuringian geographer and polymath (1685–1770)]. 3. Edition. Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2015, ISBN 978-3-86777-166-5 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Berndt, 3rd edition 2015, p. 57 f.
  2. Bauer 1983, Col. 798.
  3. ^ Dorothea Rammenee: Bibliography of Nuremberg books for children and young people. 1522-1914, Bamberg 1961, p. 116, 149/150.
  4. Johann Christoph Weigel (copperplate engraver) and Johann Gottfried Gregorii (author): Continued Atlas Portatilis Germanicus, 2nd edition, publisher Christoph Weigel (jr.) Nuremberg 1733, preface.
  5. Bauer 1983, Col. 804.