John Stewart Bell
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Bell came from a poor background. With the help of scholarships and part-time jobs, he was able to attend secondary schools and later study physics at Queen's University of Belfast . In 1948 he received his B.Sc. in experimental physics , a year later a degree in mathematical physics .
First he worked in atomic energy research in Harwell ( Oxfordshire ). There he received his doctorate in 1956. He then worked on theoretical elementary particle physics in Birmingham and at CERN . He married his wife Mary, also a physicist, in 1954. Bell has been interested in the fundamentals of quantum physics , especially since Bohm's quantum mechanics became known .
His most important discoveries are the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly, named after him and Stephen L. Adler and Roman Jackiw , and the famous Bell's inequality , which he derived in 1964. Bell showed, among other things, that every "reasonable" quantum theory with local hidden variables makes certain statements that can be verified by experiments and that contradict the statements of quantum mechanics. Experiments that were later carried out to test Bell's inequality speak, within the scope of the measurement accuracy possible up to now, for quantum mechanics and against quantum theories with local hidden variables.
The Bohm mechanics , a quantum theory with hidden variables for which JS Bell has been used in numerous works, is not affected because of their non-locality. According to JS Bell, which is not shared by all physicists, it even follows from Bell's inequality that nature itself is not local if the predictions of quantum mechanics are correct.
Bell later worked mainly in the field of quantum field theory at CERN. In 1987 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , in 1989 he received the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics . He died in 1990 of a brain hemorrhage in Geneva shortly after being nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics .
- On the Problem of Hidden Variables in Quantum Mechanics. In: Reviews of Modern Physics . Vol. 38 (1966), pp. 447-452, doi: 10.1103 / RevModPhys.38.447 .
- with Roman Jackiw : A PCAC puzzle: π0 → γγ in the σ-model. In: Il Nuovo Cimento . Series A, Vol. 60, H. 1 (March 1969), pp. 47-61, doi: 10.1007 / BF02823296 (Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly).
- Against the measurement. In: Physical sheets . Vol. 48, H. 4 (April 1992), pp. 267-273, doi: 10.1002 / phbl.19920480406 .
- Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics , 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2004, ISBN 978-0521523387 (with an introduction by Alain Aspect, bundles Bell's original essays, German translation: Quantum Mechanics, Six Possible Worlds and other articles , de Gruyter , Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-11-044790-3 ).
- Andrew Whitaker: John Stewart Bell and twentieth-century physics: vision and integrity , Oxford University Press 2016
- Literature by and about John Stewart Bell in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry to bell; John Stewart (1928-1990) in the Archives of the Royal Society , London
- John Stewart Bell in the nndb (English)
- According to NNDB, the Royal Society states July 28, 1928.
|SURNAME||Bell, John Stewart|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Irish physicist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 28, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Belfast|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 1, 1990|
|Place of death||Geneva|