Josef Ries

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Memorial plaque on Josef-Ries-Strasse in Erfurt

Josef Ries (also Joseph , born November 7, 1900 in Bochum ; † June 28, 1933 in Erfurt ) was a German bookseller , editor , communist and resistance fighter against National Socialism .


Josef Ries came from Bochum. After surviving polio , his left side was severely handicapped. His father, a master tailor , died when Josef was ten years old. Then his mother opened a private handicraft school and supported her two sons.

During the First World War , Josef Ries did an apprenticeship as a bookseller and wrote poetry and the youth drama Our Emden . From 1918 he lived in Erfurt and worked as a bookseller. In addition, he founded the publishing house for youth literature Aufgang , which published a bourgeois youth magazine of the same name, but went bankrupt in 1920. In addition, he continued to work as an author, pursued art studies and was also active as a decorative painter until 1928 .

In 1921/22 Ries joined the Communist Youth Association and in 1923 the KPD . He was active in youth work, was a supervisor in the KJVD holiday home in Crawinkel and co-founder of the workers' school in Erfurt. In 1928 he attended the KPD party school, then came as an editor at the KPD newspaper “Arbeiterwille” in Suhl , the successor organ of the “ Volkswillens ” , which had joined the Leninbund or the SPD with Guido Heym, and in 1929 took over the chief editor. In the late summer of 1929 he was an editor at the “Roten Echo” in Gotha and from 1930 to 1933 an editor at the “ Thüringer Volksblatt ” in Erfurt. At the same time he was a member of the Thuringia district management and one of its most famous ideologues and speakers. After the "Thüringer Volksblatt" was banned in February 1933, Ries lived illegally. He gave his last public speech on February 23, 1933 at the grave of the sportsman Werner Uhlworm, who was murdered by the SA .

On March 9, 1933, Ries was arrested on behalf of Erfurt Police President Werner von Fichte and interned in the Feldstrasse protective custody camp. Together with four other comrades, he was handed over to the SA for "interrogation" on June 28, 1933. On the grounds of the police dog club in Blumenthal, all five were cruelly mistreated. The screams of the tortured could be heard far away. After Ries had already collapsed unconscious, he was allegedly shot down with two shots "while trying to escape". A few hours later he died in the hospital.


  • 1945 Name of Josef-Ries-Straße in Johannesvorstadt
  • 1946 Urn memorial stone on the Victim of Fascism Memorial I.
  • 1950 (approx.) Protective custody camp memorial plaque, Feldstrasse 18
  • 1984 First name plaque from the left on the Victim of the Fascism Memorial II
  • 1988 anti-fascist memorial plaque, Petersberg


Web links