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State capital Erfurt
Coordinates: 50 ° 59 ′ 16 ″  N , 11 ° 2 ′ 16 ″  E
Height : 190 m above sea level NN
Area : 3.29 km²
Residents : 6794  (December 31, 2016)
Population density : 2,065 inhabitants / km²
Postcodes : 99085, 99086
Area code : 0361
Location of Johannesvorstadt in Erfurt
The neighborhoods of Johannesvorstadt
The Galgenberg is the highest elevation in the district and is located in the Johannesflur, which is also used for agriculture

The Johannesvorstadt is one of the historic Erfurt suburbs and is now part of the Thuringian capital.

It is located northeast of the old town in front of the Johannestor and extends from Magdeburger Allee in the west and Schlachthofstrasse in the south to the north beach in the north and Galgenberg in the east. The Johannesvorstadt is the least populous of the Erfurt suburbs. Only 6,088 people (as of December 31, 2011) live here on an area of ​​3.30 km², of which only around 0.7 km² are residential areas. They were built between 1880 and 1960, with the majority of the buildings dating from the time of the German Empire. The rest of the municipal area is taken up by industrial and local recreation areas.

The Johannesvorstadt is demographically the youngest district of Erfurt, with the 20 to 30 year olds by far the largest population group and the average age is only 36.5 years and thus about 7.5 years below the Erfurt average.

The name of the Johannesvorstadt derives from its position in front of the Johannestor, which in turn takes its name from the after St. John named John Church has received. Before the district was laid out, the area at the end of Johannesstrasse (between the Juri-Gagarin-Ring and Talknoten) between the first and second city walls was called Johannesvorstadt .


The Johannesvorstadt borders the Erfurt old town to the northeast . Neighboring suburbs are the Andreasvorstadt in the west and the Krämpfervorstadt in the southeast. In the north there is the Johannesplatz prefabricated building area , the Ilversgehofen district and the Hohenwinden industrial area , while the village of Kerspleben is to the east .

The area of ​​the Johannesvorstadt is mostly flat and lies in the valley of the Gera , which in the form of the flood ditch forms the south-western boundary of the district. It is assumed that the Gera used to have a different river bed and did not flow into the Unstrut via Gebesee as it does today , but further east via Stotternheim , which means that the Johannesvorstadt lies in the middle of the former valley. The flood ditch in the southwest is at a height of 190 meters, while the altitude decreases towards the north and is only 180 meters on the salt road. The highest elevation of the district is the Galgenberg in the east with almost 220 meters. It is the watershed between the Gera in the west and the Gramme in the east.

The area of ​​Johannesvorstadt used to be used for agriculture, before development began in 1873. However, it still only takes up the western part, while the eastern part is still used for agricultural purposes. In addition, the 16 hectare north beach is the largest inner-city lake in Erfurt. It is a former gravel pit that has been filled with groundwater and has been used as a local recreation area with an outdoor pool since 1972.


(not official)
Block groups
Area (km²) Population (2000) Population (2007) Population (2015) Population density
Actual Johannesvorstadt
(Eislebener Strasse - Friedrich-Engels-Strasse - Stauffenbergallee - Magdeburger Allee)
711 + 712 + 713 + 714 0.44 3,689 4,378 5,203 11,825
Eastern Johannesvorstadt
(Friedrich-Engels-Strasse - Schlachthofstrasse - Am Kühlhaus)
715 0.23 1,138 1,114 1,030 4,478
Industrial area Johannesvorstadt
Dieselstrasse, Ladestrasse, Heckerstieg
721 + 722 1.01 70 61 86 86
Johannesflur / north beach 723 1.67 172 159 163 98
Rental houses like this one on Ernst-Toller-Straße characterize the Johannesvorstadt
At Steinplatz
The Luther Church from 1927
The administration of the municipal utilities on Magdeburger Allee
Former public utility systems
Corner of Schapirostraße / Stauffenbergallee in the southern Johannesvorstadt
The Rudolf Diesel School in the eastern Johannesvorstadt
Parts of the FH are located in the office complex on Steinplatz
The Hansablock was created in 1930 in the Bauhaus style
Design of the inside of the Hansablock
On the other side of the Dortmunder Straße there is also part of the Hansablock

Actual Johannesvorstadt

The actual Johannesvorstadt is the residential area between Magdeburger Allee in the west, Eislebener Strasse in the north, Friedrich-Engels-Strasse in the east, Steinplatz in the southeast and Stauffenbergallee in the southwest. It is in turn divided into a northern and a southern part.

The part north of Breitscheidstrasse is taken up by the Erfurt municipal utilities . While energy was also generated here in the past, today only the administration is located on site. It is based in an office complex on Magdeburger Allee built after reunification. The first tram depot was built here in 1883 . Some of its buildings at the beginning of Breitscheidstrasse have been preserved. Today the depot is located north of the Stadtwerke building in the interior of the district. Next to it is the Luther Church , one of the few churches in Thuringia that was built in the Art Deco style. It was built in 1927 according to the plans of the Berlin architect Peter Jürgensen . The eastern part of the quarter is occupied by some old new buildings from the 1950s / 60s. A large wasteland, the Johannesfeld, lies in the middle of the area. From 2016, the new Johannesfeld district park will be built in the western part of the wasteland, while a residential area in multi-storey buildings for 1,000 residents will be created east of Lassallestrasse.

In the far more populous part of the district south of Breitscheidstrasse, the typical four-story Erfurt apartment houses made of red bricks can be found. They were created between 1880 and the First World War and made Johannesvorstadt a classic working class district with apartments along the streets and small businesses in the courtyards. In the east on Friedrich-Engels-Straße, individual apartment blocks were also built later. The school in the district is the Johannesschule on Rosa-Luxemburg-Strasse in the middle. Today it is used as a primary school and was built at the same time as the surrounding residential buildings.

The road network is largely laid out at right angles; the streets were named after Prussian generals until 1945. Since then they have been named after social democratic and communist politicians and resistance fighters.

Eastern Johannesvorstadt

The eastern Johannesvorstadt extends between Friedrich-Engels-Strasse in the west, Schlachthofstrasse in the southeast and Strasse Am Kühlhaus in the northeast. Unlike the Johannesvorstadt itself, it is not a purely residential area, but rather a mixture of residential, commercial and other uses. Apart from a quarter in the south-west, the development did not emerge until after the First World War, when a focus of residential construction by private companies was established here in order to alleviate the pressing housing shortage. In the course of this, the Hansablock residential complex with around 200 apartments was created in the clear design language of the Bauhaus . It was built in 1930 according to plans by the Hamburg architect Karl Schneider and supplemented in 1996 with the addition of the stone square arcades with another 150 apartments in a similar design language. There are further apartment blocks from the 1930s on Eugen-Richter-Straße and the district's sports field on Poeler Weg. Opposite is the Rudolf Diesel School in a building from the interwar period, which is now used as a vocational school for motor vehicle training.

The remaining areas of the quarter on Schlachthofstrasse are occupied by commercial areas. The Thuringian Museum of Electrical Engineering in Erfurt is also located here, with an exhibition on the history of technology. There are also office buildings on Steinplatz that are used by the city administration and the Erfurt University of Applied Sciences . In the middle of the district is the allotment garden Veilchen.

Johannesvorstadt industrial area

In the industrial area, which stretches to the Sangerhausen – Erfurt railway line in the east, Leipziger Strasse in the south and Salzstrasse in the north, there are numerous companies, including Erfurter Teigwaren , the oldest pasta manufacturer in Germany. Due to the structural change after 1990, however, many areas are fallow, while there are numerous allotment gardens in between.

The settlement of industry in this area began in the course of industrialization and the construction of the Nordhausen – Erfurt railway line in 1869.

The Erfurt slaughterhouse had been located between Greifswalder Strasse and the railway facilities since the end of the 19th century. Today this area is partly still used commercially, while other parts lie fallow. The city administration has been trying to develop this area since the redesign of Leipziger Straße and the opening of the local tram line in 2000, although no agreement has yet been reached with the owner, a private investor, so that further urban development in 2015 is not foreseeable is. The area on the opposite side of Leipziger Straße (district Krämpfervorstadt) is also to be developed in the years after 2015.


In the Johannesflur, the undeveloped eastern part of Johannesvorstadt, on the other side of the Sangerhäuser Bahn, there is the north beach in the north, agricultural areas in the middle and allotment gardens on Leipziger Strasse in the south. The horticulture and landscape architecture department of the Erfurt University of Applied Sciences is also located on Leipziger Strasse .

Population development

The population of Johannesvorstadt was 6,485 in 1990. By 2000, the number had fallen by a quarter to 5,069. The main reason was the poor housing situation in the unrenovated old districts of Johannesvorstadt, which often did not have bathrooms or central heating systems. The main goals of those moving away were other parts of Erfurt, especially the growing village suburbs (strong wave of suburbanization during the 1990s), but some turned their backs on the city due to the poor economic situation. The renovation measures on the building fabric began a short time after reunification and in 2010 they achieved a higher degree of area coverage. However, there are still many vacant, unrenovated buildings. The Johannesvorstadt was seen more than other suburbs as a low-income area with social problems, although the situation has improved significantly through increased urban planning measures. The increase in the number of inhabitants in 1997 is due to the move into 150 new apartments in the newly built stone square arcades.

A building census in 2006 showed that there are 539 buildings in Johannesvorstadt with 4167 apartments, of which 791 or 19% were vacant, which was the second highest vacancy in the city after Ilversgehofen . 40 houses with 306 apartments stood empty. By 2011, the number of apartments decreased slightly to 4,112, while the number of buildings remained almost constant at 538. The vacancy rate fell to 333 apartments (8.1%). The number of complete vacancies fell by 25% in the five years and is now 28 buildings with 214 apartments.

With the introduction of the second home tax in Erfurt in 2003, it was achieved that many students register their main residence in Erfurt and are thus recorded in the population statistics, which increases the number of inhabitants in Johannesvorstadt, in which many students due to the proximity to the university and the technical college and the low rents live, additionally increased. In the future, the number of inhabitants in Johannesvorstadt could increase significantly if more vacant apartments are moved into again. This would approximate the population of 1990 again.

The 20 to 30 year olds make up the largest group of the population, with the proportion of women being slightly higher than the proportion of men (analogous to the student profile of universities and technical colleges). The birth rate (around 80 births per year) is therefore around twice as high as the death rate (around 40 deaths per year), the migration balance (around 600 new arrivals and 450 departures per year) is also positive, which is why the Johannesvorstadt continues to grow and with it the high vacancy rate is also slowly falling. About 340 foreigners live in Johannesvorstadt, which makes up a share of around 5.7% and is thus well above the Erfurt average of around 3.3%.

Data from the city administration of Erfurt as of December 31st.

year population Development
(1990 = 100%)
Development in Erfurt
(1990 = 100%)
1990 6,485 100.0 100.0
1995 5,181 79.9 93.4
1996 5,054 77.9 91.9
1997 5,260 81.1 90.6
1998 5,171 79.7 89.3
1999 5,155 79.5 88.0
2000 5,069 78.2 87.6
2001 5.141 79.3 87.4
2002 5,241 80.8 87.2
2003 5,428 83.7 88.0
2004 5,523 85.2 88.4
2005 5,575 86.0 88.5
2006 5,752 88.7 88.4
2007 5,712 88.1 88.5
2008 5,828 89.9 88.5
2009 5,940 91.6 88.8
2010 6,040 93.1 89.2
2011 6,088 93.9 89.8
2012 6.123 94.4 90.4
2013 6.228 96.0 91.1
2014 6,248 96.3 91.7
2015 6,482 100.0 93.3
2016 6,794 104.8 93.9

Economy and Transport

While the actual Johannesvorstadt is now an almost purely residential area, there are also large industrial areas and service centers (municipal utilities, parts of the city administration on Steinplatz, technical college) that provide jobs.

The Erfurt city ring runs along the southern edge of Johannesvorstadt on Stauffenbergallee and Liebknechtstrasse, from which the most important streets of the district branch off. These include Eugen-Richter-Strasse, which leads from Erfurt to Stotternheim and Sömmerda , Leipziger Strasse to Kerspleben and Buttelstedt, and Magdeburger Allee to Ilversgehofen and Mittelhausen . The most important traffic junction in the district is Steinplatz, where Eugen-Richter-Strasse, Friedrich-Engels-Strasse and Schlachthofstrasse are the arterial roads and Liebknechtstrasse as a cross connection.

Large parts of Johannesvorstadt are connected to public transport by city bus line 9 on Steinplatz and Friedrich-Engels-Straße. On the outskirts of the district, lines 1 and 5 also run on Magdeburger Allee and line 2 of the Erfurt tram on Leipziger Strasse . Further bus lines complete the connection in inner-city traffic, while both the Sangerhausen – Erfurt and the Nordhausen – Erfurt railway cross the district without stopping.


Since the Johannesvorstadt forms a district, but not a district according to § 45 of the Thuringian municipal code, there are no political bodies for it, such as the district council or the district mayor.

Johannesvorstadt is part of the Erfurt III state electoral district , for which Bodo Ramelow (Die Linke) sits in the fifth Thuringian state parliament. He received 32.3% of the vote here. The Johannesvorstadt used to be a typical working class district. Even today, the population structure is characterized by young people with rather low incomes, which has an impact on the election results. In particular, voter turnout in Johannesvorstadt is one of the lowest in Erfurt. Compared to the urban average, slightly more parties from the left are elected.

Political party City Council 2009 State Parliament 2009 Bundestag 2009 Europe 2009
voter turnout 29.9 35.6 48.4 30.0
CDU 16.4 20.6 28.1 18.5
The left 22.4 30.7 23.6 25.8
SPD 32.2 20.1 17.5 19.3
Green 12.0 10.1 8.2 11.9
FDP 6.1 8.2 2.4 6.3

Web links

Commons : Johannesvorstadt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. block group map ( Memento of 17 June 2012 at the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on November 24, 2017 (PDF; 3.5 MB).
  2. Satellite measurement with Google Earth, there may be slight deviations (<3%).
  3. Population statistics 2000 ( Memento from June 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (= Kommunalstatistische Hefte. Issue 41 / 1st edition: April 2001), p. 47. In:, accessed on November 20, 2017 (PDF; 1 , 3 MB).
  4. Population statistics 2007 ( Memento from June 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (= Kommunalstatistische Hefte. Issue 64. Edition: July 2008), p. 53. In:, accessed on November 24, 2017 (PDF; 937 kB) .
  5. Population statistics 2015 (= municipal statistics booklet. Issue 96. Edition: November 2016), p. 56 ff. In:, accessed on November 18, 2017 (PDF; 3.9 MB).
  6. Holger Wetzel: Citizens in Erfurt's Johannesvorstadt are allowed to choose a park. In: Thuringian General . March 11, 2015, accessed November 25, 2017.
  7. New residential area on Johannesfeld ( memento from March 11, 2015 in the web archive ). In:, accessed on November 25, 2017.
  8. Hartmut Schwarz: Economic development of the Erfurt slaughterhouse blocked. In: Thüringische Landeszeitung . January 28, 2012, accessed on November 25, 2017 (only available without AdBlocker).
  9. Building and housing stock 2006 update ( Memento of October 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (= municipal statistics booklet. Issue 62. Edition: 07/2007). In:, accessed on November 18, 2017 (PDF; 994 kB).
  10. Housing stock 2011 (PDF; 674 kB).