Julius Hülsemann

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Julius August Heinrich Hülsemann (born October 18, 1824 in Arnstadt ; † March 24, 1888 ibid) was a lawyer and politician in the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen . He was Lord Mayor of Arnstadt for 16 years and a member of the Landtag in Sondershausen for 9 years.


Julius's father was Johann Heinrich Christian Hülsemann (1783–1854), a descendant (in the 5th generation) of the Lutheran theologian Johann Hülsemann (1602–1661) . Heinrich's great-grandfather Johann (* 1676 in Altenburg , † 1729 in Arnstadt) was resident in Arnstadt since 1708 at the latest; the male bearers of this family branch were all lawyers. Heinrich himself was a government advocate, court and chamber councilor in Arnstadt.

Julius' mother was Friederike Christiane Auguste geb. Ebart (1791–1825), daughter of court medic Friedrich Christian Wilhelm Ebart (1761–1806) in Sondershausen and his first wife Katharina Jacobina born. Subject (1765-1798). Friederike died five months after Julius was born; a year later Heinrich married her half-sister Luise Emilie Ebart (1804–1886). The children of the first marriage were born to Emilie and Heinrich's mother, Sophie Jacobine Hülsemann. Franke (1763–1848). (The second marriage was childless.)

Julius, the youngest, had five siblings. The oldest was his brother Wilhelm August Friedrich (1812–1862) . Wilhelm held important positions in the government of the principality in Sondershausen from 1846 until his death.

The youngest sister Emilie Karoline (1819–1878), called Lina , was married to the lawyer and politician Bernhard Maempel (1816–1870) , the son of her aunt Wilhelmine Charlotte Maempel, née. Hülsemann (1793–1858) and cousin of Wilhelm's wife Mathilde Magdalene Charlotte Rosette Margarethe Hülsemann born. Maempel (1820–1898).

The sister Theodore Friederike Jacobine (1817-1850) was married to the merchant Louis Lucius in Erfurt.

The eldest sister Emma Sophie Ernestine (1814–1889) married the widowed high school teacher Johann Jacob Wilhelm Bärwinkel (1802–1842) in 1835. His son Reinhold Oscar Bärwinkel (1834–1898) was then for many years a member of the city council - from 1872 as its chairman - and of the state parliament. Emma married the second marriage on July 20, 1847, the music teacher, organist and later city cantor and music director Heinrich Bernhard Stade (* May 2, 1816 in Ettischleben , † May 29, 1882 in Arnstadt).

Julius married Auguste Hermine Friederi (c) ke Falke (1827–1896) in 1850 , daughter of his aunt Auguste Dorothee Henriette Falke, nee. Hülsemann (1788–1873).

The couple had five children. The daughters Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine, called Frieda (1851-1896) and Helene Therese Wilhelmine (1866-1936) remained single. Luise Auguste Elisabeth (* 1858) was married to Carl Bernhard von Obstfelder (1856–1929), a high school teacher in Arnstadt and, from 1883, in Crossen on the Oder.

The younger son Heinrich Christian (* 1856 in Arnstadt, † 1925 in Sondershausen) became a district judge in Gehren and from 1895 was a district judge in Sondershausen, 1907 a secret judge.

The older son Karl Heinrich Wilhelm (* 1853 in Arnstadt, † 1932 in Sigmaringen ) was initially a government assessor in Sondershausen and chamber director for the Counts of Stolberg-Stolberg in Stolberg . After that he worked for 30 years (from 1891) in the Prussian Hohenzollern Lands in the administration of the property of the Princes of Hohenzollern and, on their behalf, in the self-government of the country .


After graduating from high school in Arnstadt in 1842, Julius Hülsemann studied law in Jena and Leipzig from 1842 to 1845 and was then a candidate for the judicial service in Arnstadt, then a lawyer and notary, and from 1850 government attorney.

He was a member of the Arnstadt Council from 1850, at the latest from 1868 as its chairman. In September / October 1871 he was appointed deputy mayor Friedrich Emmerling because of a leave of absence . On October 27, the city council elected him as the successor to Emmerling for a term of 12 years, beginning on January 1, 1872, as First Mayor; then he was appointed mayor by the prince in May 1872. In July 1883 he was re-elected (unanimously) for 12 years. He died in office in March 1888.

His term of office - beginning shortly after the establishment of the empire in 1871 - was characterized by rapid economic development. Arnstadt grew from around 8½ thousand to around 12 thousand inhabitants. The growing workforce was subjected to severe repression due to state laws and, from October 1878, due to the 'Socialist Law' .

During this time, buildings (or preparatory work) such as the new hospital, the new slaughterhouse, the girls 'citizens' school (on what had previously been a Hülsemann garden property), the new cemetery, paved sidewalks, the replacement of wooden water pipes with iron ones.

In parallel to his municipal office, Julius Hülsemann was an elected member of the state parliament from 1879: first, due to a by-election, from the beginning of 1879 in the group for general elections (by electors) and then twice for the group of the highest taxed (1880-1883 and 1884) -1887). He counted himself among the liberals. In 1880 and 1884 he was elected by the state parliament to the state parliament syndic. He was a permanent member of the state parliament committee: in 1879 he was elected a committee member for supremacy; from November 1880 until his death he belonged to him as a syndic.


Monument to Julius Hülsemann in Arnstadt
Plaque at the monument to Julius Hülsemann in Arnstadt
Memorial plaque for Julius Hülsemann at house Kohlgasse 2b in Arnstadt

Julius Hülsemann was appointed to the council in 1875; he received the Schwarzburg Cross of Honor III in August 1880 . Class.

The city of Arnstadt honored its mayor with a hereditary funeral in the New Cemetery. In grave field 1.01 the grave slab erected on a wall reminds of him and his wife Hermine.

The new street that led to the new hospital was named Hülsemannstraße (by 1891 at the latest) .

In May 1895, a monument donated by a citizens' committee was inaugurated and given to the city. The obelisk stands at the entrance to the Alteburg complex, the development of which Hülsemann promoted.

A memorial plaque was inaugurated at Haus Kohlgasse 2 for the 100th birthday: “Here lived | Julius Hülsemann | Lord Mayor of the City of Arnstadt | 1872–1888 | In his memory on his 100th birthday | October 18, 1924. "

According to a resolution of the city council of January 1963, all of these honorary certificates should be abolished. In fact, only the Hülsemannstrasse was initially renamed (in Dr.-Robert-Koch-Strasse ). The plaque was apparently dismantled later (but kept in the castle museum). In July 2001 a new board (with new text) was installed. The monument remained untouched. After a restoration, it was re-inaugurated at the end of 1998.


  • The German. Sondershäuser newspaper together with government and intelligence paper for the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. [Sondershausen: Eupel.] (Incomplete) digitized version
  • Address book of Arnstadt or directory of the house owners Arnstadt by streets and house numbers. Arnstadt, 1858. Publishing house of the Ohlenroth'sche Hofbuchdruckerei. Digitized
  • Address and business handbook of the city of Arnstadt. 1891. Compiled by Ms. Hopf, Mayor. Along with a city map. Arnstadt: Emil Frotscher n.d. Digitalisat
  • Directory of the Arnstadt high school graduates from 1765 to 1890. In the program of the Princely High School in Arnstadt Easter 1891. Progr.-No. 710. pp. 7-25. Digitized
  • Family tree of the Maempel family from 1710 to 1894. o. O., o. J. [Arnstadt]
  • Family Hülsemann genealogical table I. o. O., o. J. [Ed. Family union Hülsemann. 1928.]
  • Family Hülsemann family tree I A. (descendants of Johann Heinrich Christian Hülsemann, VII, 1 of family table I.) o. O., o. J. [Ed. Family union Hülsemann. 1928.]
  • Family Hülsemann family tree I B. (descendants of Wilhelm Friedrich Karl Hülsemann VII, 7 of family table I.) o. O., o. J. [Ed. Family union Hülsemann. 1929.]
  • Hülsemann-Bundesblatt, ed. v. Family union Hülsemann. Vol. 1ff., (Issue) No. 1ff. Arnstadt 1928ff.
  • Fritz Schörnig, read - told - experienced. From the history of the social struggles and the workers' movement in the Arnstadt and Ilmenau districts. Ed. SED district leadership Arnstadt and SED district leadership Ilmenau, commission for research into the history of the local labor movement. o. O., o. J. [1961 or 1962.]
  • Andrea Ziegenhardt: An almost forgotten - Julius Hülsemann. In From the past of Arnstadt and the surrounding area. A local history reader. No. 2. Arnstadt 1992, p. 38f.
  • Andrea Ziegenhardt: The Hülsemann monument. In From the past of Arnstadt and the surrounding area. A local history reader. No. 2. Arnstadt 1992, pp. 40f.
  • Thuringian Pastors' Book, Volume 2: Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. 1997. ISBN 3-7686-4148-1
  • Jochen Lengemann (collaboration: Karl-Heinz Becker, Jens Beger, Christa Hirschler, Andrea Ziegenhardt), state parliament and regional representative of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1843–1923. Biographical manual. 1998. ISBN 3-437-35368-3 (including short biography with portrait, p. 195.)
  • Chronicle of Arnstadt. Timeline / Lexicon. Festschrift for the 1300th anniversary of the city of Arnstadt, ed. v. Andrea Kirchschlager, Ulrich Lappe a. Peter Unger. 2003. ISBN 3-934277-07-1 (including short biography with portrait, p. 294f.)
  • Klaus Reinhold, Chronicle Arnstadt 704-2004. 1300 years of Arnstadt. 2nd expanded and improved edition, n.d., n.d. Volume 1 (pp. 1-514) ; Volume 2 (pp. 519-1040) ; Volume 3 (pp. 1041-1558) ; Volume 4 (pp. 1559-2076) .
  • Arnstadt civic register 1566–1699 edited and supplemented from church registers and other sources by Andrea Kirchschlager. 2011. ISBN 978-3937230-17-7
  • Arnstadt's civil register 1700–1753 edited and supplemented from the church registers, other sources and literature by Andrea Kirchschlager. 2016. ISBN 978-3937230-25-2
  • Andrea Kirchschlager, Mayor and Councilor of the City of Arnstadt from the Middle Ages to the Present. Commemorative publication on the occasion of the 750th anniversary of the granting of city rights to Arnstadt on April 21, 1266 by Abbot Heinrich von Hersfeld. Arnstadt: Verlag Kirchschlager 2016. (therein short biography with portrait, pp. 68–70.)
  • Arnstadt civic register 1753–1797 edited and supplemented from the church registers as well as other sources and literature by Andrea Kirchschlager. 2019. ISBN 978-3937230-34-4

Individual evidence

  1. List of high school graduates, p. 12 .
  2. ↑ family tree I ; Paul Hülsemann: The oldest, until now known documentary news about the occurrence of the name "Hülsemann", the individual lines of the family and their donors. In Hülsemann-Bundesblatt Vol. 1 (1928), No. 1 (December 1928), pp. 4-7. (here: p. 5.)
  3. His daughter Sophie Charlotte (1708–1748) was born in Arnstadt, and it seems that he is attested as a councilor as early as 1697 ( Bürgerbuch 1566–1699 p. 472 (no. 3225)). However, he did not acquire civil rights until 1713: Bürgerbuch 1700–1753 p. 106 (No. 516).
  4. Heinrich had seven siblings. Two of his sisters were later mothers-in-law of two of his children (see below). His two brothers were both district court directors: Wilhelm Friedrich Julius (1802-1883) in Sondershausen, Wilhelm Friedrich Karl (1804-1892) in Arnstadt (list of high school graduates, p. 15 ).
  5. Bürgerbuch 1753–1797 p. 259 (No. 1495); Reiner Schuchardt: Genealogical entry for Katharina Proband. 2016, GEDBAS . She was a sister of the long-time mayor Johann Christian Proband (1761–1839) (list of high school graduates p. 10 ; Kirchschlager, mayor p. 112).
  6. from the second marriage of Friedrich Ebart with Sophia Elisabetha Friederica geb. Falckner (1769-1828); see. Pastors' book p. 142f.
  7. Obituary in Der Deutsche 1886 No. 205 .
  8. Bürgerbuch 1753–1797 p. 262 (No. 1520).
  9. ^ Family tree I A.
  10. His second brother Karl Friedrich Robert (1815–1840) died while he was still studying law in Arnstadt (list of high school graduates, p. 17 ).
  11. Lengemann pp. 33, 60 (portrait), 195f. (Short biography).
  12. Lengemann p. 225f., Graphic p. 311. List of high school graduates p. 17 .
  13. Graphics from Lengemann p. 328. - From 1855 Bernhard was district administrator in Sondershausen. After his death, Lina moved back to Arnstadt in May 1874; there she lived (by 1878 at the latest) with her stepmother Emilie. ( The German 1874 no. 125 ; . Adreßbuch the city Arnstadt 1878. Arnstadt undated. P.30 .)
  14. List of high school graduates, p. 15 .
  15. Lengemann p. 142f. Reinhold Bärwinkel was again with a cousin of Mathilde Hülsemann geb. Maempel and Bernhard Maempel married: to Ernestine Louise Anna Cäcilie Maempel (1843–1911); Graphic p. 328.
  16. This marriage came from the Old Testament scholar Bernhard Wilhelm Stade (born May 11, 1848 in Arnstadt; † December 6, 1906 in Gießen). His younger brother Heinrich became a doctor in Baden. ( Chronicle 2003 p. 428; List of high school graduates p. 20 and p. 22. )
  17. Obituary in Der Deutsche 1896 No. 229 .
  18. Pastors' book, p. 144.
  19. Obituary in Der Deutsche 1896 No. 62 .
  20. Reinhold, p. 1818.
  21. [Obituary to C. v. Obstfelder.] In Hülsemann-Bundesblatt Vol. 2 (1929), No. 2 (July 1929), pp. 18f.
  22. List of high school graduates p. 21 .
  23. Der Deutsche 1907 No. 183 .
  24. ^ Obituary and obituaries in Der Deutsche 1925 No. 44 .
  25. List of high school graduates p. 21 .
  26. ^ [Obituary for Wilhelm Hülsemann (with portrait).] In Hülsemann-Bundesblatt Vol. 6 (1933), No. 6 (July 1933), pp. 77f .; Josef Mühlebach, the regional association of the Hohenzollern Lands. 1972, pp. 89-92, 101, 105 (short biography), 125 (portrait).
  27. Directory of high school graduates p. 17 .
  28. Kirchschlager, Mayor p. 68; The German 1868 No. 105 . - According to the municipal code of 1850, the elections to the city council were secret, equal and direct; according to the town code of 1857 they were public according to a three-class right to vote . (1850: §§67ff .; 1857: §§63ff .)
  29. Kirchschlager, Mayor p. 49 (portrait p. 48).
  30. Der Deutsche 1871 No. 112
  31. Der Deutsche 1871 No. 157 . He therefore had to stop working as a lawyer. Richard Hülsemann (1836–1914), son of his uncle Karl, was admitted to the bar in Arnstadt; his function as lawyer for the poor went to Reinhold Bärwinkel ( Der Deutsche 1872 No. 2 and 32 ).
  32. As first mayor, he was also a member of the district committee ( district regulations , §10 ).
  33. Der Deutsche 1872 No. 59 .
  34. Reinhold p. 1422.
  35. The office was filled with Georg Christian Trautvetter (1859–1923) on January 5, 1889 (Lengemann p. 254f .; Kirchschlager, mayor pp. 135–137).
  36. Chronik 2003 p. 105; Address book 1891 p. IV .
  37. Chronik 2003 p. 105. The Princely District Administrator urged that the city authorities - the police and the mayors - interpret their mandate extensively and carry it out consistently. This was primarily a concern of the second mayor, Friedrich Hopf ( Der Deutsche 1871 No. 142 ; Kirchschlager, Mayor, pp. 65f.), But also of the Lord Mayor Hülsemann. See e.g. B. Documents in Schörnig pp. 52f., 55, 64, 65f.
  38. Chronicle 2003 p. 317.
  39. Chronicle 2003 p. 415.
  40. Chronicle 2003 p. 344.
  41. Chronicle 2003 p. 375f.
  42. Reinhold pp. 1417-1422 passim.
  43. The Landtag had 15 members: 5 members who were appointed by the Prince for life; 5 MPs who were directly elected by the 300 most highly taxed electoral citizens (two of them in supremacy ); and 5 MPs elected indirectly (by electors) from the rest of the electorate. All voting processes were public. ( Electoral Act 1856 and electoral regulations in addition .)
  44. Lengemann pp. 94, 98f., 100 and 102.
  45. State Basic Law 1857, §§72ff. and §60.
  46. Landtag negotiations 1879, p. 96f. ; see. Der Deutsche 1880 No. 24 , 171 and 173 .
  47. ↑ However, he was already on permanent leave from November 1887 due to illness (Landtag negotiations 1884–1887, pp. 86f. ).
  48. Der Deutsche September 28, 1875 (No. 226).
  49. Der Deutsche 1880 No. 185 .
  50. Illustration in the brochure Historical Graves at the New Cemetery Arnstadt. Ed. City administration Arnstadt u. City history association. o. O., o. J. [Arnstadt 2010], p. 33.
  51. ^ Address book 1891 p. 16 and city ​​map .
  52. ^ Ziegenhardt p. 40; The German 1895 No. 106 .
  53. ^ Illustration and description in Reinhold, p. 482.
  54. Hülsemann lived in this house of his parents from birth to university and then again after 1858 until death (Adressbuch 1858 p. 4 and p. 35 ). At that time this was house number 16. The buildings were numbered consecutively; the numbering per street was not introduced until 1890 (Reinhold p. 405f.). See Address Book 1891 p. 22 . (The grandparents' house was No. 684 on Ritterstrasse; address book 1891 p. 38. )
  55. Reinhold p. 425f. The impetus for this came from the SED district leadership: Julius Hülsemann appeared too much “an enemy of the workers and all progressive citizens” (Schörnig, p. 65) for such honors to be timely. See also Arnstädter Stadtecho Vol. 12 (2011), No. 134 of June 22, 2011, p. 22.
  56. According to Reinhold, p. 1768, the chairman of the district council, Helmut Saalfeld, who had been in office since January 1979 (p. 1658), initiated the dismantling.
  57. Ziegenhardt p. 39.
  58. Reinhold p. 1743.