Yuri Alexandrovich Shaporin

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Yuri Alexandrovich Schaporin ( Russian Юрий Александрович Шапорин * October 27 . Jul / 8. November  1887 greg. In Glukhov , Russian Empire ; † 9. December 1966 in Moscow , Soviet Union ) was a Russian composer .


Schaporin, the son of a painter, turned to music late. First he studied philology in Kiev and also received his first composition lessons . From 1908 to 1912 he studied law in Saint Petersburg . It was not until 1913 that he began to study composition at the St. Petersburg Conservatory with Nikolai Sokolow , Maximilian Steinberg and Nikolai Tscherepnin , which he completed in 1918. After that he worked primarily as a theater conductor in Leningrad . In 1936 he moved to Moscow and in 1939 became a composition professor at the Moscow Conservatory . His students include Yevgeny Svetlanov , Rodion Shchedrin , Andrei Volkonsky and Andrei Babayev . He was very active in the Soviet Composers' Union from its foundation. Shaporin received the Stalin Prize three times and was named People's Artist of the USSR .


Schaporin's musical language is quite conservative and always moves within the boundaries of tonality. Russian and Ukrainian folk music played an important role in his work - Shaporin knew how to compose very idiomatically. Thus he is clearly in the tradition of Russian national romanticism. His role models were Sergei Rachmaninow and Nikolai Medtner . His gift for creating lyrical, flowing melodies was particularly strong, which predestined him for the composition of vocal music. Often times his music has been described as deeply human, poetic, and deeply Russian. Shaporin never came into conflict with the government. Nowadays he is almost forgotten, although his well thought-out music, which is characterized by a sovereign mastery of the compositional craft, would definitely justify a rediscovery.


  • Orchestral works
  • Vocal music
    • The Decembrists , opera about the Decembrist revolt after Alexei Tolstoy (1920–53, initially under the title Pauline Gaible )
    • On the Kulikower Feld , symphony cantata after Alexander Blok op.14 (1918–39)
    • The legend of the battle for Russian earth , oratorio op.17 (1943/44)
    • How much longer will the vulture circling? , Oratorio after Alexander Blok op.20 (1945–47, rev. 1963)
    • numerous romances for voice and piano or orchestra based on words by Alexander Pushkin , Alexander Blok and other Russian poets
  • Piano and chamber music
    • Piano Sonata No. 1 in F sharp minor op.5 (1924)
    • Piano Sonata No.2 in B minor op.7 (1926)
    • Piano Sonata No. 3 (1966, unfinished)
    • Ballade for piano op.28 (1959)
    • 5 pieces for violoncello and piano op.25 (1956, 1959)


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Sigrid Neef:  Šaporin, Jurij Aleksandrovič. In: MGG Online (subscription required).