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A notebook ( documented in Low German since the 17th century , actual meaning 'dirt', 'smear') or stratze is a preliminary draft , a concept and derived from it, probably as a short form of "Kladde book", a smear , sketch -, notebook or preliminary business book ( preliminary book). Synonymous is the French loan word Brouillon and the plural word Adversaria .

Notebooks are usually tightly bound and, depending on the intended use, contain either blank (blind) pages or pages that are prepared with lines or tables for entries. The contents of notebooks for accounting (also Strazzen called) is then in elementary , primary or account books transferred. The notebooks with red and black covers known today as Chinakladde were introduced to the German market by Gunther Lambert in the 1970s . In the military, a shooting book is a notebook or book in which the ammunition that has been issued and returned is entered.

In North German schools, the “notebook” is differentiated from the “fair copy”. In central and southern Germany one speaks of a manuscript or concept.

Famous notebooks are the Sudelbuch by Georg Christoph Lichtenberg or the Sudelbuch by Kurt Tucholsky . They were kept like a diary .

Web links

Wiktionary: Kladde  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Stratze . In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm : German Dictionary . Hirzel, Leipzig 1854–1961 ( , University of Trier).
  2. Notebook. In: Johann Georg Krünitz (Ed.): Economic Encyclopedia, or general system of state, city, house and agriculture, in alphabetical order . Volume 39. Pauli, Berlin 1787, p. 303 (with further designations: "Kladder-Buch", " Schmutz-Buch, in some Upper German areas the Klätt-Buch, Kleck-Buch, Klitter-Buch, Sudel-Buch . Von dem in the g. [emeinen] L. [just] the usual small, jittery, bad writing ”).
  3. See for example Novalis ' "Materials for Encyclopedia ": Novalis: Das Allgemeine Brouillon 1798/99. In: Works, diaries and letters of Friedrich von Hardenberg. Edited by Hans-Joachim Mähl , Richard Samuel. Vol. 2. Hanser, Munich / Vienna 1978, pp. 473-720.
  4. [1] accessed February 5, 2019