Lubuntu 04/20 "Focal Fossa" with LXQt 0.14.1
|License (s)||Free software|
|Current version||April 20 ("Focal Fossa") (April 23, 2020)|
GNU / Linux
↳ Debian GNU / Linux
Lubuntu is an official derivative of the Linux distribution Ubuntu that uses LXQt as a desktop environment . It focuses on speed and energy efficiency, so the hardware requirements are also relatively low. By using the Openbox window manager, this Linux distribution needs even less memory than Xubuntu .
In 2011, the Live CD ran on a Pentium II with 350 MHz and 128 MB RAM (as of 2011) . The newer versions have higher requirements. Currently (Lubuntu 04/18 of April 26, 2018) the minimum requirement is 1 GB RAM and a Pentium 4 , Pentium M or AMD K8 . As of version 19.04, official support for 32-bit systems has been discontinued.
The name Lubuntu is made up of LXDE or LXQt and Ubuntu , similar to Kubuntu ( KDE and Ubuntu ) and Xubuntu ( Xfce and Ubuntu ). The desktop environment LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) or LXQt is included in the system image and is used or installed by default.
The LXDE desktop environment has been available for installation via the package sources since Ubuntu 8.10 "Intrepid Ibex" . In February 2009, Mark Shuttleworth invited the LXDE project to become an independent project within the Ubuntu community with the aim of producing a new official Ubuntu derivative called Lubuntu in the long term. Lubuntu was started in March 2009 (Ubuntu version 8.10 Intrepid Ibex ) by Mario Behling as a community project on Launchpad . A Lubuntu Live CD has been available since August 2009, although initially it was delivered without an installation option.
One goal of the developers was to be recognized by Canonical as an official Ubuntu derivative. This goal was achieved at the Ubuntu Developer Summit in May 2011. The first now officially supported version is version 11.10, which was released in October 2011 with the code name “Oneiric Ocelot”. Lubuntu 12.10 "Quantal Quetzal" followed in October 2012, this version requires a CPU with physical address extension for the first time , which applies to CPUs from the Intel Pentium Pro and AMD Athlon (K7) series . The installation program checks the presence of PAE. However, since some models of the much more recent Intel Pentium M series do not correctly transmit the capability, a workaround has been published.
On June 19, 2013, at the request of the ÖDP , the city of Munich decided to distribute 2,000 copies of free Lubuntu installation CDs with the aim of avoiding electronic waste: Owners and users of older computers with Windows XP (whose support phase would expire in the following year) should be encouraged not to replace their devices with newer ones with XP successors, but to continue to use them with Lubuntu. Since Lubuntu did not offer an LTS version at the time , Ubuntu 12.04 LTS was ultimately distributed.
|Older version; no longer supported: 8.10||Intrepid Ibex||October 30, 2008||No independent publication by Lubuntu. After installing Ubuntu, Lubuntu could be installed as an additional package.|
|Older version; no longer supported: April 9||Jaunty Jackalope||April 23, 2009|
|Older version; no longer supported: 9.10b14||Karmic Koala||September 1, 2009||First independent publication of Lubuntu in the form of a Live CD as a pure test CD without installation option.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 9.10b23||Karmic Koala||September 8, 2009|
|Older version; no longer supported: 9.10||Karmic Koala||October 26, 2009||No independent publication by Lubuntu. After installing Ubuntu, Lubuntu could be installed as an additional package.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/10||Lucid Lynx||May 3, 2010||First independent publication of Lubuntu, which can also be installed.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 10.10||Maverick Meerkat||October 10, 2010||First version considered stable.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/11||Natty Narwhal||April 28, 2011||New features: The audio player is Audacious , Xarchiver has been replaced by the file roller program known from Ubuntu , and the Cheese webcam program has been removed from the standard installation. OZone is now used as the standard theme.|
|Recognition of Lubuntu as an official Ubuntu derivative|
|Older version; no longer supported: 11.10||Oneiric Ocelot||October 13, 2011||April 2013||First version officially part of the Ubuntu family. 64-bit live CD.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/12||Precise pangolin||April 26, 2012||October 2013||In contrast to other Ubuntu derivatives, this version is not a version with long-term support. LightDM as display manager, Lubuntu Software Center preinstalled for the first time.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 12.10||Quantal Quetzal||October 18, 2012||April 2014||Revision of the graphic appearance. Session and file manager in a newer version. File search tool added.|
|Older version; no longer supported: April 13th||Raring ringtail||April 25, 2013||January 2014||New version of the file manager with its own search function, graphic revisions|
|Older version; no longer supported: 13.10||Saucy salamander||17th October 2013||July 2014||New version of the file manager. New graphics (late). Various bug fixes. Instead of the previous Chromium , Mozilla Firefox is now preinstalled as the standard web browser.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/14||Trusty Tahr||17th April 2014||April 2017||First official LTS version of Lubuntu|
|Older version; no longer supported: 14.10||Utopic Unicorn||23 October 2014||June 2015|
|Older version; no longer supported: April 15||Vivid Vervet||April 23, 2015||February 2016|
|Older version; no longer supported: 15.10||Wily Werewolf||October 22, 2015||July 2016||Mainly software updates and preparatory work for the switch to LXQt|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/16||Xenial Xerus||April 21, 2016||April 2021||LTS version|
|Older version; no longer supported: 16.10||Yakkety yak||October 13, 2016||July 2017||The PulseAudio sound server is preinstalled by default. Problems with programs such as Skype , which require PulseAudio, are a thing of the past.|
|Older version; no longer supported: 04/17||Zesty Zapus||April 13, 2017||January 2018|
|Older version; no longer supported: 17.10||Artful Aardvark||19th October 2017||July 2018|
|Older version; still supported: April 18||Bionic Beaver||April 26, 2018||April 2023||LTS version|
|Older version; no longer supported: 18.10||Cosmic Cuttlefish||October 18, 2018||July 2019||First version with LXQt desktop|
|Older version; no longer supported: April 19||Disco dingo||April 18, 2019||January 2020||As of April 19, there is only the 32-bit version of the Netboot Installer. Otherwise there will no longer be versions for 32-bit systems.|
|Older version; still supported: 19.10||Eoan Ermine||17th October 2019||July 2020|
|Current version: April 20||Focal fossa||April 23, 2020||April 2023||LTS version|
- Official website (English)
- Article in the Ubuntuusers Wiki (German)
- Articles in the Ubuntu Wiki (English)
- Lubuntu: Lean Linux based on Ubuntu. Retrieved May 14, 2011 .
- Lubuntu 04/18 LTS (Bionic Beaver) Released! In: lubuntu.me. Retrieved May 9, 2018 .
- LXDE - Lubuntu? LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin .
- Part 4 of an interview with Marko Behling ( memento of the original from April 14, 2012 on WebCite ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- wiki.ubuntu.com (English), accessed October 30, 2011.
- Mirko Dölle: Lubuntu is now part of the official Ubuntu family . In: heise open . Heise Zeitschriften Verlag. May 12, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- Lubuntu 12.10: New Features in Lubuntu 12.10 (English). Retrieved June 29, 2013 .
- Lubuntu 12.10: PAE (English). Retrieved June 29, 2013 .
- City Council Munich: StR application number: 08-14 / A 04099. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on June 27, 2013 ; Retrieved August 24, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Linux CDs for Munich citizens . Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- Lubuntu 11.04 Alpha 2 finally released ( English ) OMG! Ubuntu !. February 9, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- Lubuntu's new theme 'ozone' ready for testing ( English ) OMG! Ubuntu !. February 13, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- Interview with Julien Lavergne. Retrieved November 7, 2011 .
- The first details for Precise Pangolin emerge. November 7, 2011, accessed November 7, 2011 .
- see "General" -> "Support Period" -> "Lubuntu (LXDE)" . wiki.ubuntuusers.de. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Roadmap for Lubuntu . In: Lists.ubuntu.com . April 25, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Xubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu Gnome and Lubuntu 14.04 LTS . Heise online . April 22, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
- Vivid Vervet
- Wily Werewolf
- Liane M. Dubowy: Ubuntu 15.10: Better Unity and current software . Heise online . October 22, 2015. Accessed on April 19, 2016: “There is little new in the Ubuntu derivative Lubuntu, which comes with the resource-saving Lxde desktop. Above all, errors were corrected here. The developers are concentrating on advancing the new LxQt desktop, which will be the standard desktop in Lubuntu 16.10. "
- Preliminary version of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS brings new software installer . Heise online . March 26, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
- Xenial Xerus
- Yakkety Yak
- Mirko Lindner: Lubuntu 18.10 relies on LXQt . Pro-Linux.de . October 23, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018: "Lubuntu, the Ubuntu variant with LXQt or LXDE as the desktop environment, has been published in a new version and from now on only uses LXQt by default ."
- www.deftlinux.net .
- peppermintos.com .