Magnus of Saxony-Lauenburg

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Magnus von Sachsen-Lauenburg (* 1390 ; † September 21, 1452 ) was bishop of Cammin and Hildesheim .

Grave slab of Magnus von Sachsen-Lauenburg


His father was Duke Erich IV of Saxony-Lauenburg , the mother was Sophie, a daughter of Duke Magnus II of Braunschweig. His brothers were Duke Erich V of Saxe-Lauenburg and Duke Bernhard II of Saxe-Lauenburg as well as the Münster canon Albrecht of Saxe-Lauenburg .

Bishop in Cammin

He entered the clergy and was a canon in Cammin. With dispensation from the actually necessary canonical age, Magnus was appointed Bishop of Cammin by Pope Alexander V in 1410 . This appointment was a result of the occidental schism , as there was still Bishop Nicholas in the diocese , who was a supporter of Pope Gregory XII , who resided in Rome . was. Even when Bishop Nikolaus died a short time later, Magnus was not without controversy. Gregory XII. awarded the diocese in 1415 to the bishop of Schleswig Johann von Gudensberg. With the general recognition of Martin V as Pope, Magnus was also recognized as the sole bishop of Cammin in 1418. The episcopal ordination followed a short time later.

In the following years he concentrated on maintaining the independence of the Cammin monastery area. In 1417 he was enfeoffed with Cammin by King Sigismund . Associated with this was recognition as an imperial estate. This found its expression in 1422 in the entry in the Reich register . In addition, Magnus tried to win back the assets of the pen pledged by his predecessors.

However, the position of the bishop was among others by Duke Bogislaw IX. not recognized by Pomerania and other greats, and the disputes continued.

Bishop of Hildesheim

In 1424 Magnus moved to the seat of the Bishop of Hildesheim. This was preceded by his appointment as coadjutor by Bishop Johann III. During his reign, the pen's debts had increased significantly. It was also threatened from outside.

Magnus arrived in Hildesheim in 1425 and summoned an extended election surrender. He tried to expand the position of sovereign in Hildesheim Abbey, to secure and expand the area. On the inside he was concerned with ending the disorder and seeking peace. For these purposes he has made alliances with neighboring territories and cities.

With the city of Hildesheim he tried to achieve a good relationship. This was overall successful. But there were at times quite a conflict between civil strivings for independence and the attempt to expand sovereignty. Magnus also tried to release the pledged locks. This only succeeded in the case of Steuerwald Castle .

The need for money led to the collection of taxes (" Bede "). This required the approval of the estates. In doing so, they expanded their influence. In addition, castles, offices, income and other rights had to be pledged. In return, parts of the Everstein and Homburg lords were acquired. With this the Hildesheim monastery reached its greatest extent.

In the spiritual realm, Magnus had several indulgences performed. The feast of the Sacrifice of the Virgin was introduced. He also supported monastic reform efforts. If necessary, he also used his sovereign powers. He sponsored Nikolaus von Kues , for example .

Magnus appointed Bernhard von Braunschweig-Lüneburg as coadjutor in 1452 and gave up a short time later. He died that same year and was buried in Hildesheim Cathedral .


predecessor Office successor
Nikolaus Bock from Schippenbeil Bishop of Cammin
Siegfried II von Bock
Johann III. by Hoya Bishop of Hildesheim
Bernhard II of Braunschweig-Lüneburg