Matthew Calbraith Perry

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Matthew Calbraith Perry
Perry's fleet on an historic Japanese print

Matthew Calbraith Perry (born April 10, 1794 in Newport , Rhode Island , † March 4, 1858 in New York City , New York ) was an American naval officer, most recently as commander with the honorary title of Commodore .


Matthew Calbraith Perry was the son of a naval officer and a younger brother of Oliver Hazard Perry, famous for his victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813 . During the Mexican-American War , he succeeded Commodore David Conner as Commander of the Home Squadron and launched attacks on a number of Mexican coastal cities.

On July 8, 1853, the so-called Black Ships Mississippi , Plymouth , Saratoga and Susquehanna , a squadron of American warships, landed under Perry's command in the port of Uraga near Edo (today's Tokyo ) to force Japan to open up to the west. On the basis of the Kanagawa contract concluded on March 31, 1854 between Abe Masahiro and Perry , the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate were initially opened to American ships for loading provisions. In addition, the treaty agreed on “good treatment” for Americans and favoring American ships.

The flag of Perry's flagship was affixed to the superstructure of the battleship USS Missouri , on which the surrender was signed on September 2, 1945, when Japan surrendered in World War II .

Perry's daughter Caroline was married to the German-American banker, representative of the Rothschilds and politician August Belmont .

Matthew Calbraith Perry died at the age of 63 and was buried in Island Cemetery in Newport , Rhode Island .


Web links

Commons : Matthew Calbraith Perry  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. The grave of Matthew Calbraith Perry