Matthew Calbraith Perry
Matthew Calbraith Perry (born April 10, 1794 in Newport , Rhode Island , † March 4, 1858 in New York City , New York ) was an American naval officer, most recently as commander with the honorary title of Commodore .
Matthew Calbraith Perry was the son of a naval officer and a younger brother of Oliver Hazard Perry, famous for his victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813 . During the Mexican-American War , he succeeded Commodore David Conner as Commander of the Home Squadron and launched attacks on a number of Mexican coastal cities.
On July 8, 1853, the so-called Black Ships Mississippi , Plymouth , Saratoga and Susquehanna , a squadron of American warships, landed under Perry's command in the port of Uraga near Edo (today's Tokyo ) to force Japan to open up to the west. On the basis of the Kanagawa contract concluded on March 31, 1854 between Abe Masahiro and Perry , the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate were initially opened to American ships for loading provisions. In addition, the treaty agreed on “good treatment” for Americans and favoring American ships.
- William Elliott Griffis: Matthew Calbraith Perry. A Typical American Naval Officer . Cupples & Hurd, Boston 1887.
- Samuel E. Morison: "Old Bruin": Commodore Matthew C. Perry, 1794-1858 . Little, Brown, Boston 1967.
- Matthew Calbraith Perry: The Opening Up of Japan. Admiral Perry's memories of the voyage of the American fleet in 1853/54. Edited by Albrecht Wirth and Adolf Dirr . (= Library of memorable journeys. Stories about famous journeys from the pen of participants . Ed. Ernst Schultze. Volume 2). Gutenberg-Verlag, Hamburg 1910.
- Matthew Calbraith Perry and Yokosuka (English, Japanese)
- Perry Visits Japan: A Visual History (English)
- Yomiuri Shimbun : Perry - 90% name recognition among primary school students in Japan ( Memento from May 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), 2008. (Japanese)
- knerger.de: The grave of Matthew Calbraith Perry
|SURNAME||Perry, Matthew Calbraith|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||マ シ ュ ー ・ カ ル ブ レ ー ス ・ ペ リ ー (Japanese)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American naval officer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 10, 1794|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Newport , Rhode Island , USA|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 4, 1858|
|Place of death||New York City , New York , USA|