Lunar probe

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A lunar probe is a space probe whose aim (usually) is the scientific exploration of the earth's moon . A distinction is made between

The first successful lunar probes were the three Soviet Lunik missions (Lunik 1–3, 1959), of which the second succeeded in a targeted hard landing on the lunar surface and the third photographed the back of the moon for the first time , and the American Pioneer 4 (1959) with a planned flyby of the moon, about 60,000 km away. The seven SU ​​and US probes launched in 1958 still all failed, however, mostly due to the rocket exploding .

Lunar probes with new techniques

Space history and the history of astronomy wrote above all:

With Kaguya and Chang'e-1 , Japan and China appeared for the first time in 2007; In 2008 India followed with Chandrayaan-1 . In 2009, NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the LCROSS penetrator . The planned Russian Luna Glob mission has a similar interpretation .

See also

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