- Flyby probes (especially probes in the early years of space travel)
- Orbiters (based on a lunar orbit swivel) - lunar satellite
- Landing probes (see also soft landing )
- Moon rovers (robots driving around on the moon).
The first successful lunar probes were the three Soviet Lunik missions (Lunik 1–3, 1959), of which the second succeeded in a targeted hard landing on the lunar surface and the third photographed the back of the moon for the first time , and the American Pioneer 4 (1959) with a planned flyby of the moon, about 60,000 km away. The seven SU and US probes launched in 1958 still all failed, however, mostly due to the rocket exploding .
Lunar probes with new techniques
- the Ranger 7–9 probes (1964/65), which gave the first close-ups before the hard landing
- Luna 9 and Luna 10/11 (1966): first soft landing and orbiting the moon
- Lunar Orbiter 1–5 (from 1966): first complete selenographic mapping
- Surveyor 1–7 (1966–68), special soil surveys in several lunar regions
- some series 300 Kosmos moon probes
- the moon rover Lunochod 1 (1970/71) and Lunochod 2 (1973) of the probes Luna 17 and 21, as well
- Luna 16, 20 and 24 (1970/72/76), first automatic return of moon rocks ( "sample return" )
- two US probes from the 1990s ( Clementine and Lunar Prospector )
- and the ESA probe SMART-1 (2003) - for the first time with ion propulsion .
With Kaguya and Chang'e-1 , Japan and China appeared for the first time in 2007; In 2008 India followed with Chandrayaan-1 . In 2009, NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the LCROSS penetrator . The planned Russian Luna Glob mission has a similar interpretation .
- Chronology of the moon missions
- List of man-made objects on the moon
- Moon cards , selenodesia
- Google Lunar X-Prize