Monika Helbing

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Monika Brigitte Freifrau von Seckendorff-Gudent (born November 16, 1953 in Flein ), known by her maiden name Monika Helbing , which was used until the 1970s , is a former terrorist of the Red Army Faction (RAF). She belonged to the second generation and was involved in the Schleyer kidnapping . In 1980 she went into hiding in the GDR . She was discovered in 1990, sentenced to seven years ' imprisonment in 1992 and parole in 1995.


Monika Helbing broke off an apprenticeship as a nurse in 1974 and got into the RAF sympathizer through the “anti-torture committee”. In 1974 she took part in the occupation of the Amnesty International office in Hamburg together with the later RAF members Christian Klar and Knut Folkerts . In 1976 she went into hiding and, together with Christian Klar and others, formed the RAF's “southern German cell”. Helbing was involved in the preparation and follow-up of the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer in the autumn of 1977 . Under the name Annerose Lottmann-Bücklers , she rented apartment number 104 in a high-rise building on “Zum Renngraben” in Erftstadt on July 21, 1977 as an alleged fashion tailor , in which Schleyer was later imprisoned. She later traveled to Baghdad and prepared for the arrival of other RAF members. In March 1978, an arrest warrant was issued against Helbing on the basis of an urgent suspicion of involvement in the Schleyer murder and membership in a terrorist organization.

In 1980 she left the RAF, fled to the GDR and, along with other members of the second generation of the RAF, was given a new identity by the Stasi . She settled in Eisenhüttenstadt and married there in 1981 the Ekkehard Freiherr von Seckendorff-Gudent (* 1940), who was also transferred from the Federal Republic to the GDR, who was also part of the RAF and for whom an arrest warrant had existed since August 1980. The couple lived as Elke and Horst Winter and worked in the city's hospital - he as an internist and she as a nurse. She had a son and the family moved on to Frankfurt (Oder) in 1986 . Von Seckendorff worked there for several years as a rheumatism care worker in the polyclinic.

After the end of the SED dictatorship in the GDR, she was arrested in June 1990 and later brought to justice. Her husband, who was arrested at the same time, had previously been released as not suspect after a confrontation. Because of her involvement in the Schleyer kidnapping , Monika von Seckendorff was sentenced to seven years imprisonment by the Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart in 1992 using the leniency program . She stated, among other things, that the suicide of the terrorists imprisoned in Stammheim in 1977 was planned from the outset in the event that their liberation would fail (RAF-internal designation "Suicide Action"). According to Helbing, the story of the “murder of the prisoners” was a “lie”. In 1995 von Seckendorff was released on parole. She distanced herself from the RAF and testified as a witness in RAF criminal trials, including 1995 at the Higher Regional Court Stuttgart on the involvement of Sieglinde Hofmann in the Schleyer murder and in 1997 at the Higher Regional Court Frankfurt am Main on the involvement of Monika Haas in the hijacking of the plane "Landshut " .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ralph Geisenhanslueke: The cupboard is now with the BKA . In: The time . No. 37/2000 ( online ).
  3. ^ A b Klaus Marxen et al. (Ed.): Criminal justice and GDR injustice. Volume 6: Stasi crimes. De Gruyter, Berlin 2006, p. 349
  4. ^ Michael Sontheimer : RAF in the GDR: "The most important years in my life". In: Spiegel Online from June 2, 2015, accessed on August 14, 2015
  5. SWR 2 archive radio
  6. ^ Lars-Broder Keil , Sven Felix Kellerhoff : Terrorism: Rise and Fall of the Second RAF Generation ; Welt-Online from February 15, 2007
  7. The secret of the Winter couple. In: from May 13, 2016, accessed on June 8, 2018
  8. Your father is a murderer: How the children of arrested RAF dropouts live. In: Der Spiegel from June 24, 1991, accessed on August 14, 2015
  9. Lars-Broder Keil, Sven Felix Kellerhoff: What became of the former terrorists. In: Die Welt of February 13, 2007, p. 4
  10. ^ Suicide Action. In: Spiegel of December 10, 1990, accessed on June 8, 2018
  11. Lars-Broder Keil, Sven Felix Kellerhoff: Terrorism: Rise and Fall of the Second RAF Generation. In: . February 15, 2007, accessed October 7, 2018 .
  12. ^ Wulf Reimer: RAF: Trial against the terrorist Sieglinde Hofmann. And one pushed the stroller. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of September 15, 1995, p. 3