Eisenhüttenstadt


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Map of Germany, position of the city Eisenhüttenstadt highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 9 '  N , 14 ° 38'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Oder-Spree
Height : 44 m above sea level NHN
Area : 63.47 km 2
Residents: 23,878 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 376 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 15890
Area code : 03364
License plate : LOS, BSK, EH, FW
Community key : 12 0 67 120
City structure: Core city and 3 districts

City administration address :
Zentraler Platz 1
15890 Eisenhüttenstadt
Website : www.eisenhuetten
stadt.de
Mayor : Frank Balzer ( SPD )
Location of the city of Eisenhüttenstadt in the Oder-Spree district
Bad Saarow Beeskow Berkenbrück Briesen Brieskow-Finkenheerd Diensdorf-Radlow Eisenhüttenstadt Erkner Friedland Fürstenwalde/Spree Gosen-Neu Zittau Groß Lindow Grünheide Grunow-Dammendorf Jacobsdorf Langewahl Lawitz Briesen (Mark) Mixdorf Müllrose Neißemünde Neuzelle Ragow-Merz Rauen Reichenwalde Rietz-Neuendorf Schlaubetal Schöneiche Siehdichum Spreenhagen Steinhöfel Storkow Tauche Vogelsang Wendisch Rietz Wiesenau Woltersdorf Ziltendorf Brandenburgmap
About this picture
Historical part of the city of Eisenhüttenstadt, the district of Fürstenberg , in 2009

Eisenhüttenstadt is a town in the Oder-Spree district of Brandenburg on the west bank of the Oder . It was created as a planned town after a resolution in July 1950 as a socialist residential town for the Eisenhüttenkombinat Ost (EKO). The plant is still a major employer today. It was built near the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder) , which has existed since the 13th century , with which the district, known as Stalinstadt since 1953 , was combined to form Eisenhüttenstadt in 1961 . The city is a medium-sized center and formed its own urban district until 1993 . Since then it has had the status of an unofficial Greater District City .

Due to its history as a completely new city and the urban development with various architectural monuments , Eisenhüttenstadt is a special building ensemble .

geography

Eisenhüttenstadt lies on a valley sand terrace of the Warsaw-Berlin glacial valley . In the south it is bounded by the hill country of a terminal moraine , the Diehloer mountains . In Eisenhüttenstadt the Oder-Spree Canal flows into the Oder.

The city is located about 25 kilometers south of Frankfurt (Oder) , 25 kilometers north of Guben and 110 kilometers from Berlin .

Eisenhüttenstadt is located in the far north of Niederlausitz and is the third largest city after Cottbus and Żary (Sorau). In the Oder-Spree district, Eisenhüttenstadt is the second largest city after Fürstenwalde / Spree .

City structure

Bell tower of the Holy Cross Church in Schönfließ

The city consists of the city center, which was built after 1950, and the incorporated districts:

The city center is in turn divided into seven residential complexes, which were originally equipped with shops and service facilities as well as schools and kindergartens.

Living spaces

  • Diehloer brick factory
  • Scraper mill
  • Forest settlement

history

Historical overview

After 1251 in today's urban area within the territorial politics of was Meissen Margrave Henry the Illustrious City Fürstenberg the Association of Niederlausitz founded. In 1286 it is attested as a civitas and customs post. In the 14th century, Emperor Charles IV ordered the construction of a city wall. From 1316 to 1817, the monastery was entitled to the Neuzelle monastery, with few interruptions . The council formed in the first half of the 14th century held the lower courts, and together with the abbot von Neuzelle also the higher courts.

After the Peace of Prague in 1635, Fürstenberg and Lower Lusatia became part of the Electorate of Saxony , and in 1815 it fell to Prussia . The small town located off the Frankfurt (Oder) - Guben highway on a less important Oder ferry, but important as a customs post, in which fishing and shipping were also carried out, had 1,686 inhabitants in 1830. With the construction of the railway from Frankfurt (Oder) to Breslau in 1846 and following the Oder-Spree Canal, which flows into the Oder (1891), an industrial development began with glassworks , shipyards , sawmills , oil and grain mills . The city's Jewish community began using its cemetery in 1890 , which was later destroyed by the Nazis. Between 1871 and 1900 the population doubled to 5,700, by 1933 it had increased to 7,054. In 1925 an Oder harbor was created.

For the war preparations of the National Socialists (now Beeskower road) which was created between the channel, the railway line and the Schönfließer Chaussee Chemical Zentralwerkstatt of Degussa , in which during the Second World War prisoners of a satellite camp of Sachsenhausen concentration camp and prisoners of war of the M main camp III B (POW Team main camp) performed forced labor that killed thousands. They were also used in the Oder device construction, an armaments factory outsourced from Rheinmetall -Borsig , in the Vogelsang power plant on the Oder, in forestry and in road construction. Between 1940 and 1943 the GBI port was built on the Oder-Spree Canal , with a granite store for the planned imperial capital , today's port of Eisenhüttenstadt .

On April 24, 1945 the Red Army occupied the city. Fürstenberg (Oder) became a garrison town for the Soviet troops . Most of the industrial facilities were dismantled as a reparation payment.

Clearing of the area by a Soviet SChTS-NATI chain tractor after the symbolic first ax blow
Foundation stone laid in the Hüttenkombinat Ost by Minister Selbmann

On the III. At the SED party congress from July 20 to 24, 1950, the decision was made to build the Eisenhüttenkombinat Ost (EKO) and a socialist residential town near Fürstenberg (Oder). The new residential town was to be built according to the “ 16 principles of urban development ” and in the architectural style of socialist classicism .

On August 18, 1950, the symbolic first ax cut was made to start construction on the ironworks combine. On January 1, 1951, Minister Fritz Selbmann laid the foundation stone for the first blast furnace , which went into operation on September 19, 1951. Five more blast furnaces were built by 1955. On February 1, 1953, the city was living as an independent city district from the district Fürstenberg extracted and on May 7, 1953 on the occasion of the death of Stalin in Stalin city renamed. Originally, on the 70th anniversary of Karl Marx's death, the city was to be given the name Karl-Marx-Stadt , which was then given to Chemnitz instead . At the end of 1953 the city had 2,400 inhabitants, in 1960 it had already 24,372. Fürstenberg (Oder) became a district town in 1952 and in 1960 had a population of 6,749.

On November 13, 1961, the cities of Fürstenberg (Oder) (with the Schönfließ district ) and Stalinstadt were merged to form Eisenhüttenstadt in order to erase the name that had become undesirable as part of the de-Stalinization . The city of Fürstenberg (Oder) was separated from the Fürstenberg district and added to the city already existing under the name Stalinstadt. Until the formation of the Oder-Spree district, Eisenhüttenstadt was both an independent city and a district town in the Eisenhüttenstadt district in the Frankfurt (Oder) district .

On September 19, 1986, an agreement on the first German-German town twinning between Saarlouis and Eisenhüttenstadt was signed with great political participation in the Federal Republic .

With the expansion of the iron and steel works, the number of inhabitants rose to an all-time high of over 53,000 by 1988. In 1993 the village of Diehlo was incorporated. In 1996 the new dyke bridge was rebuilt over the Oder-Spree Canal. With the structural change after reunification , the population almost halved. In order to cope with the shrinkage process, an urban redevelopment program has been started, which involves the demolition and renovation of numerous apartments.

Place name

A planned town built right next to the
iron and steel works, 1960

The somewhat cumbersome name of the city has always encouraged people to create more catchy names. In colloquial language, the city is often shortened to "Hüttenstadt" or "Hütte". Due to the decline since 1989, the city is now popularly known as "Schrottgorod". Scrap corrupted the iron as a material to be recycled, the ending -gorod the Russian ending for -stadt.

Incorporations

The community of Diehlo became part of Eisenhüttenstadt in 1993.

Population development

“Residential Complex II” - Saarlouiser Strasse

The following overview of the population of Eisenhüttenstadt (before 1961 Stalinstadt) is official updates of the State Central Administration for Statistics of the GDR (until 1989) and the Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (from 1990).

Population development from 1953 to 2018 according to the table below
year Residents
1953 02,400
1955 15,157
1958 19,629
1960 24,372
1961 32,970
1965 38,138
1970 45.410
1975 47,414
1980 48,253
1985 48,810
1988 53,048
year Residents
1990 50.216
1995 47,376
2000 41,493
2005 34,818
2006 33,914
2007 33.091
2008 32,214
2009 31,689
2010 31,132
2011 27,795
2012 27,410
year Residents
2013 27.205
2014 27,444
2015 30,416
2016 26,325
2017 25,057
2018 24,633
2019 23,878

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: December 31st from 1995, from 2011 on based on the 2011 census

The strong population growth in 2015 is related to the reception of refugees in the initial reception center in Eisenhüttenstadt. The decline in 2016 is due to the fact that the number of refugees housed has fallen significantly again.

politics

Local elections 2019
Turnout: 47.2%
 %
30th
20th
10
0
25.3%
24.0%
17.7%
11.7%
11.3%
5.8%
2.2%
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
 16
 14th
 12
 10
   8th
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
-3.8  % p
+ 14.5  % p
-5.9  % p
-1.5  % p
-4.1  % p
+ 3.3  % p.p.
-0.2  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
Remarks:
d Citizens' Association Fürstenberg (Oder)

City Council

Town Hall, 2012

The City Council Assembly (SVV) Eisenhüttenstadt consists of 32 city councilors and the full-time mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

SPD AfD left BVFO * CDU Green Pirates REP FDP total
2008 9 - 11 4th 4th 1 - 1 2 32
2014 9 2 08th 4th 5 1 1 1 - 31
2019 8th 8th 06th 4th 3 2 1 - - 32

* Citizens' Association Fürstenberg (Oder)

mayor

Mayor of Stalinstadt or since 1961 Eisenhüttenstadt:

  • 1953–1956: Albert Wettengel (SED)
  • 1956–1965: Max Richter (SED)
  • 1965–1969: Siegfried Sommer (SED)
  • 1969–1985: Werner Viertel (SED)
  • 1985–1988: Manfred Sader (SED)
  • 1988–1990: Ottokar Wundersee (SED)
  • 1990–1993: Wolfgang Müller (CDU)
  • 1993–2009: Rainer Werner (SPD)
  • 2010–2018: Dagmar Püschel (Die Linke)
  • since 2018: Frank Balzer (SPD)

In the mayoral election on October 8, 2017, Balzer was elected for a term of eight years with 67.9% of the valid votes.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on January 31, 1992.

Blazon : "In a golden field over three blue wavy threads in red on the right a high-rise building, on the left a blast furnace system elevated by the ribbon-shaped blue partial outline of a left-facing dove of peace."

Eisenhüttenstadt has had a coat of arms since 1973 that was designed by Johannes Hansky (1925–2004). In the foreground, a red high-rise and next to it a red blast furnace are shown, which represent the metallurgical center. A stylized dove of peace hovers above it . In the base of the shield, three blue waves symbolize the location on the Oder .

Town twinning

Church institutions

Nikolaikirche in Fürstenberg, 2019

The Evangelical Peace Community Eisenhüttenstadt initially used a room in a restaurant for services in Schönfließ. In the Neustadt there was initially a so-called gospel car, now a tent and from 1952 a barracks. For the planned housing estates, at that time as Stalin City , were part of Walter Ulbricht no church institutions and in particular no steeples provided. Today's Protestant church building and community center in Neustadt was built after 1976 and goes back to the long-term commitment of Pastor Heinz Bräuer, who later became an honorary citizen .

In the district of Fürstenberg, the Nikolaikirche, which was badly damaged during the war, was provisionally built and thoroughly renovated after the fall of the Wall. The New Apostolic congregation in Eisenhüttenstadt has a church in the Fürstenberg district.

Since the 1920s there was a Baptist church work, from which in 1990 the Evangelical Free Church congregation emerged as an independent congregation.

The Catholic parish Beata Maria Virgo in Neuzelle in Eisenhüttenstadt includes the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Fürstenberg and the Church of the Holy Cross in Schönfließ, consecrated in 1994 , which formed a separate parish until 2019.

Sights and culture

Mosaic by Walter Womacka at today's Linden Center
"Bewahrende (self-protecting woman)" by Robert Riehl

In the list of architectural monuments in Eisenhüttenstadt and the list of ground monuments in Eisenhüttenstadt , the city's cultural monuments are listed by the state of Brandenburg .

Buildings

Soviet memorial, 1952
  • Area monument residential town of the iron and steel works (largest area monument in Germany)
  • Large activist restaurant , built in 1953 and now listed as a monument.
    The building in the style of socialist classicism was privatized after the fall of the Wall and restored by August 2010 for around five million euros. A new restaurant with 100 seats was inaugurated on part of the previous area. The remaining larger area was converted into office space.
  • Technical monument twin shaft lock (built from 1925 to 1929)

Historical monuments

  • Soviet memorial at the Memorial Square for 4109 Soviet prisoners of war who are buried there
  • Memorial complex in the cemetery of the Fürstenberg district on Kastanienstraße for 101 prisoners of war from the main camp
  • Memorial stone in the Jewish cemetery on Kirchhofweg for the murdered Furstenberg Jewish merchant family Fellert
  • Memorial plaque on the birthplace of the shot Jewish citizen Siegfried Fellert and his wife Emma at Königstrasse 61

In the Fürstenberg district at Königstrasse 61, the artist Gunter Demnig laid stumbling blocks for Emma and Siegfried Fellert.

Culture and event locations

Friedrich Wolf Theater, 2019

Regular events

  • City festival (usually on the last weekend in August, 2007 with 250,000 visitors)
  • Bridge festival in the Fürstenberg / Oder district (suspended)
  • Schönfließer Heimatfest in the Schönfließ district
  • Dragon boat races on the dry dock
  • Dance week for amateur dancers, professional dance theater and solo artists
  • Musical Snowman Snowy's Adventure (in December every year in the Friedrich-Wolf-Theater)

music

Probably because of its bulkiness, which arouses innumerable associations and does not lack a certain rhythm, there are various music titles with the name of the city:

  • 2004: Mariachis feat. Ivo Lotion: Eisenhüttenstadt (single with four versions; reggae)
  • 2004: The Plan : The Conspiracy: Eisenhüttenstadt (Pop)
  • 2004: Dirk Michaelis : Eisenhüttenstadt
  • 2005: Aki Takase , Alex von Schlippenbach & DJ Illvibe : LOK 03: Eisenhüttenstadt . (Jazz)
  • 2006: Theodore Angst: Eisenhüttenstadt (Rock)
  • 2013: Sven Helbig : Eisenhüttenstadt (Avantgarde)
  • 2018: Eight Buckets of Chicken Hearts: Eisenhüttenstadt (Pop)

Films shot in Eisenhüttenstadt

Economy and Infrastructure

economy

View from Lindenallee to the blast furnace Va of the city's main employer, 2012

On August 18, 1950, the Minister for Industry of the GDR, Fritz Selbmann , cleared the start for the construction of the Eisenhüttenkombinat Ost (EKO) with the first blows of the ax to fell a jaw.

The economy in Eisenhüttenstadt is dominated today by ArcelorMittal Eisenhüttenstadt GmbH. ArcelorMittal Eisenhüttenstadt is an integrated steelworks and belongs to ArcelorMittal , the world's largest steel group. The company that emerged from VEB Eisenhüttenkombinat Ost and EKO Stahl GmbH is currently the largest in Brandenburg .

The Canadian raw materials company 5N Plus opened a plant in Eisenhüttenstadt in 2008.

The Neue Oderwerft manufactures and repairs inland waterways of all kinds. It emerged from several shipyards located in Fürstenberg .

Since spring 2011, Progroup AG has been producing corrugated cardboard base paper for the packaging industry in Europe. In the course of the settlement of the new paper mill, a new heating and power plant from the company EnBW Propower GmbH and a new sewage treatment plant of the local drinking and wastewater association were put into operation.

Public facilities

Eisenhüttenstadt Hospital, 2017

The city is the seat of the District Court of Eisenhüttenstadt , which belongs to the district of the Regional Court of Frankfurt (Oder) .

In addition to seven clinics, three day clinics and an MVZ in Eisenhüttenstadt, the city hospital also operates day clinics in Beeskow (psychiatry) and Guben (geriatrics).

traffic

Road traffic

Eisenhüttenstadt is crossed by the federal road 112 , which has enabled a fast connection to Frankfurt (Oder) since 2015 due to the expansion of the Neisse line . The federal highway 246 to Beeskow begins in the city . The closest motorway junction is Frankfurt (Oder)-Mitte on the A 12 .

Eisenhüttenstadt is right on the Polish border, but has no direct border crossing. The nearest border crossings are in Coschen (15 km), Frankfurt (Oder) (25 km) and in Guben (30 km).

Train station in the Fürstenberg district

Rail transport

Eisenhüttenstadt station is on the Frankfurt (Oder) –Cottbus railway line and is in the Fürstenberg district. There are hourly connections of the RB11 to Cottbus or Frankfurt (Oder), more rarely also direct connections of the RE1 to Brandenburg Hbf or Magdeburg Hbf .

line course Tact vehicles
RB 11 Frankfurt (Oder) - Eisenhüttenstadt - Neuzelle - Guben - Peitz Ost - Cottbus-Sandow - Cottbus Hourly BR 442
RE 1 (Cottbus - Eisenhüttenstadt) - Frankfurt (Oder) - Berlin Hbf - Brandenburg - Magdeburg Hourly (Mon-Fri);

Morning / evening hours (Sat / Sun)

BR 182 + 5 mod. DoSto
Twin shaft lock of the Oder-Spree Canal

Other traffic

Eisenhüttenstadt is located on a federal waterway of expansion class III, the Oder-Spree Canal flows into the Oder here. The coasts of the North and Baltic Seas as well as many European metropolises can be reached by water. The city operates the port of Eisenhüttenstadt with rail and road connections.

The closest airport is Berlin-Schönefeld . A commercial airfield is located on the north-western edge of the city in Pohlitz, which belongs to the municipality of Siehdichum .

License Plate

From 1994 the distinctive sign EH was replaced by the circle-wide sign LOS . After the majority of the people of Eisenhüttenstadt had voted in favor of the reintroduction of the old license plate in surveys, the EH logo has been used again for approvals since 2017 .

education

Former 3rd POS "Wilhelm Pieck" / Oberschule III in III. Residential complex on Maxim-Gorki-Strasse, 2017

Today there are five elementary schools in Eisenhüttenstadt, one comprehensive school with upper level and one grammar school. There is also an upper level center with an attached vocational high school, three vocational schools and technical colleges, two special needs schools and two further training institutions. The schools are run by the city of Eisenhüttenstadt, the Oder-Spree district and private sponsors.

Albert Schweitzer High School

In 1991, the high school supported by the Eisenhüttenstadt district was established as the Eisenhüttenstadt municipal high school. With the reorganization of the Oder-Spree district, the sponsorship changed in 1993. On October 30, 1996 the school was named Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium . The name was given in the presence of the then Federal President Roman Herzog and the Prime Minister Manfred Stolpe . Since May 2009 an Albert Schweitzer exhibition can be viewed on the school premises, which is on permanent loan from the Albert Schweitzer Circle of Friends in Niederlausitz.

Upper School Center Oder-Spree

The Upper School Center Oder-Spree with over 3500 trainees and students is the largest educational institution in the Oder-Spree district and operates the Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibnitz branch at Waldstraße 10. The institution combines courses at the vocational school, the vocational school, the technical college and the vocational high school . An essential focus of the educational work is the maintenance of diverse international relationships with partner schools in Japan, Sweden, France, Holland, Denmark and Poland, among others. In 2012 the school merged with the OSZ Palmnicken in Fürstenwalde / Spree , where the school management and the secretariat are based.

School for Health and Nursing Professions eV

The school has been a state-recognized technical college for health and care professions since 1954. Its previous name is Medical School Eisenhüttenstadt - MeFa . It is supported by an association whose members are health facilities in the region.

media

In Eisenhüttenstadt, the Märkische Oderzeitung appears as a daily regional newspaper with its own local section. In addition, the advertising papers Märkischer Markt , Märkischer Sonntag and Der Oderland-Spiegel are published.

In addition, the Oder-Spree-Fernsehen (OSF), a local television program, is produced in the city and can be received via cable in Eisenhüttenstadt, Neuzelle and Beeskow .

Sports

The steelworkers' stadium is located in the Waldstrasse sports complex .

With the Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl , the FSV Dynamo Eisenhüttenstadt, the SG Aufbau Eisenhüttenstadt and the 1. FC Fürstenberg, the city provided four football clubs until June 30, 2016. These were represented from the Brandenburg League to the District League . On July 1, 2016, Eisenhüttenstadt-based FC Stahl, SG Aufbau Eisenhüttenstadt and 1. FC Fürstenberg merged and started playing as FC Eisenhüttenstadt on the 6th level ( Brandenburg League ), which he also belongs to in the 2018/2019 season.

Personalities

Honorary citizen

  • Heinz Bräuer (1916–2007), first pastor of Stalinstadt 1953 to 1983 (1993–2007)

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Eisenhüttenstadt

  • Johannes Hansky (1925–2004), Sorbian painter, graphic artist and creator of the city's coat of arms, lived in Eisenhüttenstadt for a long time
  • Rudolf Bahro (1935–1997), GDR regime critic, spent his school days in the city
  • Tamara Bunke (1937–1967), a campaigner for Che Guevaras in Bolivia , graduated from high school in Eisenhüttenstadt
  • Karl Döring (* 1937), General Director of VEB Bandstahlkombinat and CEO of EKO Stahl AG
  • Rolf Henrich (* 1944), lawyer, author and former GDR dissident, first signer of the call to found the New Forum , lives in Eisenhüttenstadt
  • Sabine Rennefanz (* 1974), journalist and author, grew up in Eisenhüttenstadt

literature

  • Eisenhüttenstadt and its surroundings (= values ​​of our homeland . Volume 45). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1986.
  • Rosmarie Beier (ed.): Construction west - construction east. The planned cities of Wolfsburg and Eisenhüttenstadt in the post-war period. Scientific companion volume for the exhibition of the same name. Stuttgart 1997.
  • Jascha Philipp Braun: “The first socialist city on German soil” - architecture and urban development in the GDR in the 1950s using the example of Stalinstadt , Master's thesis, Humboldt University in Berlin 2010.
  • Andreas Ludwig: Eisenhüttenstadt. Change of an industrial founding city in fifty years , Brandenburg historical booklets No. 14, Potsdam: State Center for Political Education 2000, ISBN 3-932502-24-8
  • Eisenhüttenstadt. Then and now. Culturcon / Märkische Oderzeitung. 2010. ISBN 978-3-941092-39-6

Web links

Commons : Eisenhüttenstadt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Eisenhüttenstadt
  3. Axel Drieschner and Barbara Schulz: Arms industry and forced labor in Fürstenberg (Oder). Retrieved December 9, 2017 .
  4. ^ Mario Frank: Walter Ulbricht. A German biography , 2000, Siedler-Verlag, ISBN 3-88680-720-7 .
  5. Jörg Beuthner: ZeitZeichen broadcast from September 19, 2011. The first German-German city partnership is concluded between Saarlouis and Eisenhüttenstadt. In: ZeitZeichen. Westdeutscher Rundfunk, September 19, 2011, archived from the original on February 12, 2013 ; Retrieved on September 19, 2011 (if the page should be deleted, a manuscript of the broadcast can be obtained from WDR on request).
  6. Web-Archiv.org Modernes Leben - Goethe-Institut ( Memento from January 23, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  7. ^ Jörg Niendorf: A road for the missionary. In: Berliner Morgenpost. April 9, 2006, archived from the original on September 30, 2007 ; Retrieved June 11, 2013 .
  8. ^ Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Oder-Spree . Pp. 14-17
  9. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  10. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  11. 2595 fewer inhabitants within one year. In: Märkische Oderzeitung , January 5, 2018
  12. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  13. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  14. ^ Result of the mayoral election on October 8, 2017
  15. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  16. Coat of arms of Eisenhüttenstadt and districts
  17. Heinz Bräuer: The first three decades of the Evangelical Peace Church Community Eisenhüttenstadt - memories. ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 20 MB).
  18. Baptists Eisenhuettenstadt - community , accessed on 14 April 2017th
  19. ^ Parish Heiligestes Herz Jesu-Heilig Kreuz Eisenhüttenstadt. Diocese of Görlitz, accessed on July 27, 2020.
  20. A new building replaced the dilapidated church barrack. Märkische Oder-Zeitung, accessed on July 27, 2020.
  21. GDR restaurant "Aktivist" restored in Eisenhüttenstadt . Brief information in the Berliner Zeitung from 11./12. September 2010; Page 33
  22. Emma Fellert. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014 ; Retrieved December 9, 2011 .
  23. ^ Siegfried Fellert. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014 ; Retrieved December 9, 2011 .
  24. Eight buckets of chicken hearts - Eisenhüttenstadt (official video).
  25. ↑ The clinic's website
  26. EH license plate number plate for Eisenhüttenstadt. Retrieved October 13, 2018 .
  27. Editor: Eisenhüttenstädter receive "EH license plate" back - Niederlausitz Aktuell . ( Niederlausitz-aktuell.de [accessed on October 13, 2018]).
  28. ^ Eisenhüttenstadt Health School. Retrieved June 29, 2019 .