|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Office :||Oder foreland|
|Height :||43 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||111.66 km 2|
|Residents:||2827 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||25 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||15518|
|Primaries :||033607, 033635 (Wilmersdorf)|
|License plate :||LOS, BSK, EH, FW|
|Community key :||12 0 67 072|
|Community structure:||5 districts|
|Office administration address:||Bahnhofstrasse 3
15518 Briesen (Mark)
|Mayor :||Jörg Bredow|
|Location of the municipality of Briesen (Mark) in the Oder-Spree district|
Briesen lies within the Berlin glacial valley , which is crossed by a glacial channel in the municipality . There were numerous lakes within the channel, but most of them were silted up. Only a few remaining lakes have been preserved. Today there are mostly moors in the channel . The slightly higher glacial valley areas are built up by sand.
At the northern end of the village, the 10 km long Madlitz-Falkenhagener lake area extends .
The place is on the old trade route between Berlin and Frankfurt (Oder) , which favored the development of craft and industry.
- Bush house
- Fisherman's house
- Freedom loose
- Kersdorfer lock
- Madlitzer mill
- New Madlitz
- Vorwerk Briesen
- Vorwerk Madlitz
- Vorwerk Wilmersdorf
- 1809 first proven village school
- 1838 Inauguration of the church on the village green
- 1842 Completion of the Berlin-Frankfurt (Oder) railway line
- 1880 Jeske steam sawmill is established
- 1887 Oder-Spree Canal with Kersdorfer Lock
- 1908 Fire station is inaugurated
- 1982 Brown coal reserve (relocation planned until 1994, later canceled)
- 1994 extensive site and street renovations
"Briesen" is roughly the Slavic-linguistic equivalent of "Birkendorf".
Slavs are said to have settled the area around Briesen as early as 600 - a village complex from this period was discovered during the construction of today's A 12 motorway . Several sites in the surrounding forest are registered as soil monuments.
The earliest mention of Briesen comes from 1403. In 1495 the local knights sold the village and its residents to the wealthy Carthusian monastery in Frankfurt (Oder) . Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg used the income from the village to maintain his University of Frankfurt , which was founded in 1506 , after he had taken a number of lands from the monastery.
In 1842 the Lower Silesian-Märkische Railway was opened between Berlin and Frankfurt (Oder), from then on Briesen was an important focal point for the surrounding towns. A serious railway accident occurred here on November 1, 1918 , when a military train drove into the stopped wagons of a freight train .
After 1945, the rural atmosphere became more pronounced again, and the inhabitants reflected on their natural surroundings.
Not far from the Kersdorfer Schleuse, in today's "Forsthaus an der Spree", the Ministry for State Security (MfS) operated the "Object 74" from 1969 in what was then the "Forsthaus An der Flut". Stasi officers trained the RAF terrorists Henning Beer and Christian Klar on bazookas in the forester's house . In addition, ten dropouts from the RAF and the 2nd June Movement, such as RAF members Silke Maier-Witt and Susanne Albrecht , who with the help of the MfS moved to the GDR from 1980 , are said to have been prepared for their life in the GDR in the forester's house .
Briesen and its current districts have belonged to the Lebus district in the province of Brandenburg since 1817 and to the Fürstenwalde district in the GDR district of Frankfurt (Oder) from 1952 . The community has been in the Oder-Spree district in Brandenburg since 1993.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
The significant increase in the number of inhabitants in 2002 and 2014 is the result of the incorporation of Biegen and Madlitz-Wilmersdorf.
The Briesen community council consists of 16 community representatives and the honorary mayor. The local election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|Citizens for Briesen||9|
|Briesen citizens' alliance||6th|
- 1998–2019: Gerd Schindler (farmers' group of voters)
- since 2019: Jörg Bredow (Citizen for Briesen)
Bredow was elected in the mayoral election on May 26, 2019 with 54.7% of the valid votes for a term of five years.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on January 27, 2000.
- Village church Alt Madlitz : Inside the early Gothic stone church hangs among other things an altar painting that Gregor Boldio created in 1631.
- Wilmersdorf village church : The neo-Gothic hall church in Wilmersdorf was built between 1880 and 1883 using material from a previous building. In the building there is, among other things, an altarpiece donated in 1703.
- Briesen village church, built 1835–1838 in the classical style based on the normal Schinkel church
- The deer monument commemorates the shooting down of a capital red deer with a 66- ender in 1696 by Friedrich I. It stands on a connecting road that leads from the Briesen junction of the federal motorway 12 to the Kersdorf lock .
Economy and Infrastructure
The Kersdorf lock is located southeast of Briesen, about 4 kilometers from the end of the town . Built in 1888, it connects the Spree in the direction of Berlin with the Oder-Spree Canal , an important artery to the inland waterways of Eastern Europe. It consists of two lock chambers 57 and 67 meters long. The north chamber was extended to 115 meters from 2010 to 2013 for around 14 million euros.
The Martin Andersen Nexö School was inaugurated on October 21, 1956, but lessons had already started the month before. There was previously an allotment garden at the site of the school . The school is named after the Danish poet Martin Andersen Nexø .
- Doris Maase (1911–1979), doctor, resistance fighter against National Socialism , born in Briesen
- Werner E. Ablaß (* 1946), politician, 1990 State Secretary in the GDR Ministry for Disarmament and Defense , born in Briesen
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service the state administration of the state of Brandenburg: Municipality of Briesen (Mark)
- R. Kramarczyk: The Kersdorfer Schleuse and surroundings
- Susanne Rost: Where RAF dropouts became GDR citizens . Berliner Zeitung of September 21, 2013
- Incorporation of the municipality of Biegen into the municipality of Briesen (Mark). Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior of May 15, 2002. Official Journal for Brandenburg Common Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 13, 2002, Number 22, Potsdam, May 29, 2002, p. 562 PDF
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Oder-Spree . Pp. 14-17
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Results of the municipal elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Oder-Spree district ( Memento of the original from April 12, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 73 (1)
- Result of the mayoral election on May 26, 2019
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- Märkische Oderzeitung Ebbe in the Kersdorfer Schleuse from July 16, 2010
- Märkische Oderzeitung / Frankfurter Stadtbote, October 13, 2006, p. 16