National Academy Museum and School

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The National Academy , officially the National Academy Museum and School , formerly the National Academy of Design , is a traditional association of predominantly American artists based in New York City , which also maintains a museum and an art school.


The National Academy is part of Museum Mile and is located on Fifth Avenue and 89th Street on the Upper East Side of New York City's Manhattan .


National Academy of Design (1863-65)

It was founded on January 19, 1826, modeled on the British Royal Academy of Arts . Asher Brown Durand , Samuel FB Morse , Thomas Cole and a few other painters had already formed the New York Drawing Association in November 1825 , as a reaction to the elitist, already existing American Academy of Fine Arts , in which young up-and-coming artists were hardly given any opportunities. A fair institution should be created that would contribute to the advancement of the visual arts in the young United States through education and exhibition opportunities. The school's first lesson took place in November 1826 with two founding members and twenty art students who drew plaster casts by candlelight.

The Academy was housed in different buildings over the years, including a neo-Gothic house built from 1863 to 1865 that was modeled on the Doge's Palace in Venice and was demolished in 1901. Today she resides in the former home of the sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington and her husband Archer Milton Huntington . In 2008 three of the houses belonging to the academy (two of them on 89th Street) were to be sold for liquidity reasons, but this was prevented by the board of directors.

The Academy Museum's collection now includes more than seven thousand works of 19th and 20th century American art.

Members of the National Academy

Members in 1850 (left to right): Henry Kirke Brown , Henry Peters Gray, and founding member Asher Brown Durand

Since the academy was founded, more than 2000 visual artists and architects have been elected as full members, currently there are more than 406 (as of early 2015). The members are given the unofficial title of “NA”, “ANA” if they are only associated members, or “PNAD” if they held the presidency. The prerequisite for membership is a peer as guarantor, as you cannot apply for membership yourself, but have to be suggested. The admission committee consists of members of the so-called Board of Governors , who check the quality of the submitted work. US citizenship is not a mandatory requirement. Since the academy was founded, many members or honorary members from other countries have also been accepted.

The most well-known members (in brackets: the year of admission) of the academy include:

National Academy Museum Townhouse (1083 5th Avenue)

The presidents of the academy were:

(from here incomplete)

The current president is Bruce Fowle (NA 1994, PNAD 2011-).

Web links

Commons : National Academy of Design  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Full text of "National Academy of Design exhibition record, 1826–1860 .." (accessed May 30, 2015)
  2. The Lost 1865 National Academy of Design
  3. ^ Branded a Pariah, the National Academy Is Struggling to Survive (accessed March 15, 2015)
  4. ^ Academicians. A History to Celebrate. ( Memento of the original from September 11, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on March 14, 2015) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. David Bernard Dearinger: Paintings and Sculpture in the Collection of the National Academy of Design , Hudson Hills Press, New York, 2004. ISBN 978-1-55595-029-3 (p 162)
  6. David Bernard Dearinger: Paintings and Sculpture in the Collection of the National Academy of Design , (p 417)

Coordinates: 40 ° 47 '1.4 "  N , 73 ° 57' 31.1"  W.