from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nevėžis near Kėdainiai

Nevėžis near Kėdainiai

location Lithuania
River system Memel
origin Confluence of source brooks in the district of Anykščiai
55 ° 32 ′ 19 ″  N , 24 ° 53 ′ 46 ″  E
muzzle at Raudondvaris in the Memel Coordinates: 54 ° 55 '54 "  N , 23 ° 45' 19"  E 54 ° 55 '54 "  N , 23 ° 45' 19"  E

length 208.6 km
Catchment area 6,140.5 km²
Right tributaries Kiršinas , Dotnuvėlė , Šušvė
Big cities Panevėžys
Medium-sized cities Kėdainiai
Small towns Krekenava

The Nevėžis is a river in Lithuania and a right tributary of the Memel . From a cultural and historical point of view, the Nevėžis is the border between the two regions Žemaitija (Lower Lithuania) and Aukštaitija (Upper Lithuania).


Etymologically , the name Nevėžis is mostly read as 'river without crabs ' ( vėžys is the Lithuanian word for cancer, ne a negative).


Nevėžis river basin

It rises near Anykščiai in the north-east of the country, initially flows in a north-westerly direction before turning to the south-west after Panevėžys , the largest city on the river and named after it. It flows into the Memel at Raudondvaris , just a few kilometers after the Neris tributary into it. It is located in the Central Lithuanian lowlands .

Receiving waters

The Nevėžis has about 70 notable tributaries. The biggest are:


Two canals connect the river with others. The 8 km long Sanžilė Canal was built in 1930 to alleviate the flooding of the Lėvuo River . Plans to connect these two rivers go back to 1797 and wanted to take advantage of the fact that the Nevėžis was a tributary of the Lėvuo until around 9,000 years ago and that the old river bed through which the Sanžilė River now flows provides the basis for the new canal could. In the 19th century the Memel Delta belonged to Germany, which was a barrier to trade for the Russian Empire . A canal could have established a connection between the Memel and the port of Riga . These plans had to be postponed initially for cost reasons and later because of the First World War . They were only realized after the Lėvuo had been straightened out and after severe floods that flooded twenty villages.

1961–1963, another canal was completed that connects the Nevėžis with the Šventoji River. The canal has a length of 12 km and is supplied by a pumping station near Kavarskas .


Although it is now additionally fed with water through two canals, the normally 4 to 9 m deep river becomes very shallow during hot summers. A number of grass carp have been abandoned in recent years to naturally control weed. Because of the low water level, the slow current and high fertilizer inputs from the adjacent fields, the Nevėžis became more and more weed. It is hoped that grass carp can help overcome this problem. However, critics consider the fish unsuitable in the relatively cold climate, and the grass carp are caught.

The Krekenava Regional Park was established in 1992 to preserve the ecosystem and natural landscape along the middle course of the river. The park is unique because it is home to bison that was released from the Polish population.


The novel “The Valley of the Issa” by the Polish author Czesław Miłosz is based on the childhood memories of the author who spent some time as a child in the valley of the Nevėžis (referred to in the book with the fictional name “Issa”).

A Lithuanian basketball club in Kėdainiai ( Nevėžis Kėdainiai ) and a football club ( Nevėžis Kėdainiai ) are named after the river .


Individual evidence

  1. a b Aplinkos apsaugos agentūra: Nevėžio pabaseinis , map and data of the Nevėžis river system (Lithuanian, accessed April 2, 2011)
  2. A. Vanagas Lietuvių hidronimų etimologinis žodynas . Vilnius 1981

Web links

Commons : Nevėžis  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files