Nevil Story Maskelyne

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Neville Story Maskelyne

Mervyn Herbert Nevil Story Maskelyne (born September 3, 1823 in Basset Down House, Wroughton , Wiltshire , † May 20, 1911 in Basset Down House) was an English geologist , mineralogist and politician .


Nevil was the eldest son of Antony Mervin Reeve Story and Margaret Maskelyne, the daughter of the Astronomer Royal , Nevil Maskelyne . The family adopted the name Maskelyne when Nevil came of age, having inherited the Maskelyne family property at Basset Down near Wroughton, Wiltshire. Nevil married Thereza Mary Llewelyn (1834 - February 27, 1926) on June 29, 1858. Their daughter Mary in turn married Hugh Oakeley Arnold-Forster on July 29, 1885. Hugh and Mary's granddaughter Vanda Morton published a 1987 biography of Nevil.

Scientific career

Maskelyne was educated at Wadham College , Oxford . From 1851 he first taught mineralogy and chemistry at Oxford before being appointed professor of mineralogy in 1856, a position he held until 1895. From 1857 to 1880 he was Keeper of Minerals at the British Museum .

Maskelyne was also a photography pioneer and an associate of William Henry Fox Talbot . He is also considered to be the first to describe the minerals andrewsite (discredited as mixed crystal in 1990), asmanite ( tridymite ), langite , liskeardite , oldhamite , osbornite and waringtonite ( brochantite ) and was a pioneer in the classification of meteorites with Gustav Rose .

Political career

Between 1880 and 1886 Nevil was a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Cricklade constituency, representing the Liberal Party , and between 1886 and 1892 for the Liberal Unionist Party . From 1889 to 1904 he was a member of Wiltshire County Council .


The vitreous impact rock maskelynite , which occurs in meteorites , was named after him.

In 1873 he was made an Honorary Fellow of Wadham College. Since 1895 he was a corresponding member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .

In 1893 he received the Wollaston Medal from the Geological Society of London .


  • A guide to the collection of minerals (1862)
  • Mineralogical notes (1863)
  • Index to the collection of minerals: with references to the table cases in which the species to which they belong are exhibited at the British Museum (1866)
  • Mineralogical notices (1871)
  • Crystallography: Treatise on the Morphology of Crystals (1895) (Kessinger Publishing January 2008 ISBN 0-548-82536-X )
  • On Meteoric Stones . In: Popular Science Monthly , Volume, November 2, 1872 ( Wikisource )


  • Vanda Morton: Oxford rebels: the life and friends of Nevil Story Maskelyne 1823–1911: pioneer Oxford scientist, photographer and politician . 1987, ISBN 0-86299-456-X .
  • Henry Alexander Millar, Arthur William Rucker: Maskelyne, (Mervyn Herbert) Nevil Story- (1823-1911) . rev. MC Curthoys, 2004.
  • Story-Maskelyne, Mervyn Herbert Nevil . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 32 : Pacific Ocean Islands - Zuloaga . London 1922, p. 579 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
  • HAM, AW D:  Story – Maskelyne, Mervyn Herbert Nevil . In: Sidney Lee (Ed.): Dictionary of National Biography . Suppl. 2, Volume 3:  Neil - Young. MacMillan & Co, Smith, Elder & Co., New York City / London 1912, pp 433 - 435 (English).
  • Henry Alexander Millar, Arthur William Rucker, revised by MC Curthoys: Nevil Story Maskelyne. In: Henry Colin Gray Matthew, Brian Harrison (Eds.): Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , from the earliest times to the year 2000 (ODNB). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2004, ISBN 0-19-861411-X , ( license required ), as of 2004, accessed May 11, 2019.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Maskelynite. (PDF; 812 kB) Data sheet Maskelynite from the University of Arizona