New London (Texas)
Location of New London in Texas
|State :||United States|
|County :||Rusk County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
|Residents :||998 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||44.6 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||22.4 km 2 (approx. 9 mi 2 ) of
which 22.4 km 2 (approx. 9 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||168 m|
|Postal code :||75682|
|Area code :||+1 903|
|GNIS ID :||1342494|
New London is located in northeast Texas in the southern United States. It is in the midst of a lake landscape that stretches from northeast Oklahoma to east Texas.
Nearby cities include Overton (immediately to the northwest), Kilgore (6 km north), Arp (6 km west), Henderson (12 km southeast) and Tyler (17 km northwest). The next larger city is Dallas, about 180 kilometers northwest, with a population of over 1.2 million .
The place arose with the establishment of a post office called "London" in 1855, which served until 1876. The first school was built in the following year. Agriculture was the main activity until 1930. In 1930 Columbus Marion Joiner dug the first shaft of what is now about 570 square kilometers of oil field in East Texas near the settlement, which caused the city to experience a great boom. The result was in 1931, a new post office building, also the city due to the identical name has been compared to London to New London renamed. In the same year, around 100 families from the Humble Oil working environment moved to New London, where oil companies provided jobs, houses, electricity and water, and built parks and community buildings.
The city gained notoriety in 1937 when a gas explosion at the New London School killed 295 people and is still considered to be the largest school disaster in the United States.
In the 1950s, the production of oil decreased significantly, the shafts were replaced by pipelines and pumps. The oil companies dismantled many of the buildings and left the place. 1963 New London was incorporated. In 2000 the community had 987 residents and 23 businesses. In addition to the service facilities of the oil companies, a care station and the West Rusk High School are the largest employers.
Texas State Highway 42 runs in a north-south orientation and runs 54 kilometers from White Oak in the north to Henderson in the south. In the south of the city it intersects with the Texas State Highway 323 . In the north of the city is the starting point of the Texas State Highway 135 , a few kilometers south of the Texas State Highway 64 runs . US Highway 259 runs north-south to the east of the city .
The East Texas Regional Airport is located about 16 kilometers northeast of the city . In 2011 around 75,000 flight movements were carried out there with the destination Dallas / Fort Worth International Airport .
The 2000 census showed a population of 987 people, spread over 352 households and 268 families. The population density was 44 people per square kilometer. 92% of the population were white, 4.9% black, 0.1% Native American and 0.1% Asian. 2.3% were of a different ethnicity, 1% had two or more races, and 4.9% were Hispanics or Latin Americans of any ethnicity. For every 100 women there were 82 men. The median age was 39 years and the per capita income was around 29,000 US dollars, which means 16% of the population lived below the poverty line.
By the 2010 census , the population had risen to 998.