from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As nonsense (Engl. Nonsense "nonsense") or nonsense literature one is literary genre, made up, in contrast to the everyday concept of " nonsense is characterized" by a rule-driven way meaning denial.

To the subject

Linguistic forms of nonsense, such as corruption or shaking rhyme , are centuries old. The term used today as a term for a literary genre goes back to Edward Lear's "Book of Nonsense" from 1846.


"Nonsense", "nonsense" or "senselessness" do not apply to the nonsense carried out in both verse and prose , since its "non-sense" is usually systematic and thus installs or simulates a new reality that follows its own laws works and is consistent in itself. Nonsense literature deviates from the principles of usual, empirical probability. She makes use of paradoxical statements, empty comparisons, unknown metaphors and other alogical stylistic devices, including fictional nouns such as Christian Morgenstern's “Fingur”. The nonsense text confronts the reader's expectation of meaning with facts that are only correct within the text itself.

Nonsense is often packaged in limericks .


A classic nonsense author, alongside Edward Lear, is Lewis Carroll . Nonsense can be found particularly in the work of Christian Morgenstern and Joachim Ringelnatz in the early 20th century , in Heinz Erhardt in the 1950s and in the works of the New Frankfurt School since the 1960s . In the 21st century, nonsense is cultivated in sections of the satirical magazine Titanic .

In the old Viennese Volkstheater there were nonsense couplets , which were also called "Galimathias" (French: inconsistent, nonsense - allegedly created by twisting Gallus Matthiae, the rooster of Matthias, in Galli Matthias, the Matthias of the rooster) and for example from Actors like Wenzel Scholz were sung with great success.

The Dada is also called nonsense art, for example, the onomatopoeic poems by Hugo Ball and the Zurich Dadaists Hans Arp .



  • Giovanna Angeli, Klaus Bitterling: nonsense poetry . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 8, LexMA-Verlag, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-89659-908-9 , Sp. 1262-1265.
  • Kerstin Hoffmann-Monderkamp: Comedy and nonsense in the lyrical work of Robert Gernhardt - Approaches to a theory of literary comedy. ISBN 3-8311-2401-9
  • Peter Köhler: Nonsense. Theory and history of the literary genre. ISBN 3-8253-4110-0
  • Theo Stemmler, Stefan Horlacher (eds.): Sense in nonsense. About nonsense poetry from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. ISBN 3-8233-4154-5
  • The nonsense book. Reclam. ISBN 3-15-009785-1

Web links

Wiktionary: Nonsense  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. I was born in nature ( Memento from October 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) on