Olga Niewska

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Olga Niewska ( Russian Ольга Яновна Невская Olga Nevskaya Janowna ; born May 16 . Jul / 28. May  1898 greg. In Kharkov ; † 25. May 1943 in Warsaw ) was a Russian - Polish sculptor .


Niewska's father Jan Niewski was a well-known Kharkov architect . Her talent for modeling was already evident in her childhood. After secondary school, she attended the Kiev drawing school . After the October Revolution she went to Cracow in 1918 and in 1919 she was one of the first women to study at the Cracow Academy of Arts under Konstanty Laszczka, as well as Zofia Baltarowicz-Dzielińska , Natalia Milan , Janina Reichert , Roma Szereszewska and Zofia Mars. She made portraits of Ignacy Daszyński and Feliks Jasiński . She organized a personal exhibition in 1922, after which a local museum bought her work. In the same year she was awarded by the Polska Akademia Umiejętności .

In 1923 Niewska left Krakow and went to Warsaw, where she became a popular sculptor after her exhibition in 1923 and received commissions for portraits and busts from high officials, politicians and artists , including from Józef Piłsudski (1926, plaster ) and Ignacy Mościcki . 1926–1928 Niewska lived in Paris and studied with Antoine Bourdelle .

In 1928 Niewska married (after 1st marriage with Zbiz) in 2nd marriage Henryk Mader according to the Roman Catholic rite . When she wanted to separate from him after some time, she traveled to the Vatican , received an audience with the Pope and was declared null and void .

In 1928 at the annual exhibition of Warsaw artists and sculptors, Niewska was awarded the Warsaw Capital Prize for 1928 for her sculpture . Art competition of the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam , the X. Art competition of the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and the XI. Art competition of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin . She created the bas-reliefs for the Polish pavilion at the Brussels World Exhibition in 1935 and received the Officer's Cross of the Order of Leopold II. In addition to monumental portraits, she also created sculptures for athletes and medals . She designed the medal for the XXIII. The balloonists ' Gordon Bennett Cup , which General Leon Berbecki presented to the participating balloonists in January 1936. At the Paris World Exhibition in 1937 she received a gold medal for her sculpture Pelican . One of her most important works is the portrait of Stefan Jaracz .

In 1936 Niewska married the 3rd artillery - Podpulkownik Władysław Szczekowski .

At the beginning of the German invasion of Poland in September 1939 , Niewska's studio was also destroyed by the first bombing raid on Warsaw . In 1943 Niewska fell seriously ill and died. She was buried in the Warsaw Evangelical Reformed Cemetery.


Web links

Commons : Olga Niewska  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e SR / Olympic Sports: Olga Niewska (accessed February 12, 2020).
  2. a b c d e f g Paweł Freus: Olga Niewska (accessed February 12, 2020).
  3. Medal pamiątkowy dla zdobywców Gordon Bennetta . In: Ilustrowany Kurier Codzienny . No. 29 , 1936, pp. 9 ( [1] [accessed February 10, 2020]).