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State : AustraliaAustralia Australia
State : Flag of Victoria (Australia) .svg Victoria
Founded : 1880
Coordinates : 37 ° 42 ′  S , 148 ° 27 ′  E Coordinates: 37 ° 42 ′  S , 148 ° 27 ′  E
Area : 3.7  km²
Residents : 2,014 (2016)
Population density : 544 inhabitants per km²
Time zone : AEST (UTC + 10)
Postal code : 3888
LGA : East Gippsland Shire
Orbost (Victoria)

Orbost is a city in eastern Gippsland in the Australian state of Victoria , 275 km east of Melbourne and 235 km south of Canberra . The Princes Highway crosses the Snowy River in Orbost . Orbost is located approximately 16 km from the Bass Strait coast. According to the 2016 Australian census, the city had a population of 2014. Orbost is a center for cattle farming , dairy farming and wood processing. In recent times tourism has been playing an increasing role as the city is the largest settlement near the Snowy River , Alpine , Errinundra and Croajingolong National Parks , as well as the Cape Conran Coastal Park . A special feature is that in Orbost no restaurant or grocery store is open after 8 p.m.


Peter Imlay founded the Snowy River livestock station in 1842 and his brother founded the nearby Newmerella station . In 1845 the land was sold to Norman McLeod , who named it after Orbost Farm in the northwest of the Isle of Skye in Scotland .

Gold was discovered in the Bendoc area in the mountains northeast of Orbost, near the New South Wales border , in the 1850s and was the source of immigration to this county. Around 1868 there are said to have been around 500 gold prospectors and gold diggers in the vicinity of Bendoc.

The Cameron family settled on the fertile alluvial river plain in 1876 and many more settlers followed, mostly immigrants from Scotland. The post office opened on December 1, 1880 and was initially called Neumerella . In 1883 it was renamed 'Orbost'. A new post office opened in Newmerella in 1889, closed again in 1897, and reopened in 1921.

In 1890 Orbost was promoted to town, a bridge built over the Snowy River and a telegraph office set up. Sawmills sprang up in the area and in 1882 the first batch of sawn boards was delivered to Orbost. Timber was regularly delivered to Melbourne in the late 1890s, with coastal ships going up the Snowy River to Orbost. The railway connection to Melbourne came in 1916 and favored the settlement of further farms further up in the river valley, as well as the exploitation of original hardwood forests for the production of timber and railway sleepers.

Throughout the 20th century, Orbost was a fairly successful medium-sized center for forestry and agriculture, supplying smaller settlements in the area. In the 1950s and 1960s, new sawmills were set up to use the original forests in the north and east of Orbost. In the 1980s, however, an environmental problem was recognized in the exploitation of these virgin forests in East Gippsland . This led to the creation or expansion of national parks and a steady decline in forest management and wood processing. The general decline of the region and its economy led to the closure of the railway line in the mid-1980s and the population of Orbost fell from around 4,000 to around 2,000 at the beginning of the 21st century. Furthermore, in 2004 and 2005 logging and forest management were a major problem in the Goolengook Valley near the Errinundra National Park.

The Snowy Mountains system provided the drainage of the water from the Snowy River to the Murray River and Murrumbidgee River , as well as the connected distribution systems. In the 1990s, the low water level of the Snowy River was a major problem and started a political campaign calling for an increase in water runoff from the Jindabyne reservoir . The non-party candidate Craig Ingram was elected to Parliament in Victoria in 1999 and again in 2002 and took part in a working group that ensured greater water drainage into the Snowy River.

The small farming settlements of Bendoc , Bonang and Tubbut are located northeast of Orbost. Delegate in New South Wales is the nearest town to Orbost.

sports clubs

In Australian football , the city is represented by the Orbost-Snowy Rovers , who play in the East Gippsland Football League .

Orbost also has a hockey club with men's, women's and junior teams playing in the East Gippsland Hockey Association .

Golfers play at Orbost Golf Club on the Bonang Highway.

Events and schools

The national parks are the theme of events such as The Wilderness Bike Ride , a bike tour managed by Orbost that was voted the best regional tourism event in East Gippsland in 2004.

The Orbost area has four state elementary schools, one Catholic elementary school and the state Orbost Secondary College . The city also has an airport, YORB (RBS).

Known residents

  • Percival Bazeley, scientist
  • Richard Dalla-Riva, politician
  • Jennifer Hansen, television presenter
  • Sarah Hanson-Young , politician
  • Nick Heyne, football player for St. Kilda
  • Craig Ingram, politician
  • Charlie Lynn, politician
  • Molly Meldrum, music critic, journalist, television presenter
  • Peter Nixon, politician
  • Lindsay Tanner , politician
  • Michael Voss, former football player e.g. Z. Trainer of the '' Brisbane Lions ''

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Australian Bureau of Statistics : Orbost ( English ) In: 2016 Census QuickStats . June 27, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  2. ^ Post Office List . Premier Postal History
  3. Orbost Snowy Rovers . Full Points Footy ( Memento of the original dated April 30, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.fullpointsfooty.net
  4. Orbost . Golf Select