Otto Schrader (Indo-Europeanist)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Otto Schrader (born March 28, 1855 in Weimar ; † March 21, 1919 in Breslau ) was a German linguist who researched in particular the history of meaning of Germanic and Urindo-European terms. He is occasionally confused with the unrelated Indologist Friedrich (often just F.) Otto Schrader (1876–1961).

Education and family

Schrader comes from a Thuringian civil servant family, attended grammar school in Weimar and studied in Jena , Leipzig and Berlin . To the Dr. phil. after receiving his doctorate, he received a teaching position at the Grand Ducal High School in Jena in 1878. There he completed his habilitation in 1887 and was appointed associate professor in 1890. In 1909 he moved to Breslau as a full professor. Schrader married Marie von Wilms in 1879, with whom he had four children. He described himself as a national liberal.

Scientific profile

Consideration of language must be accompanied by consideration of facts , he postulated in The Indo-Europeans . Besides linguistic arguments, he mainly worked with archeological and legal historical arguments. He liked to get his own experience of Russian folk culture.

Support Hehns

Schrader supported Victor Hehn's thesis that the Indo-Europeans were originally nomads. They only domesticated the horse they ate. Since common Indo-European words for "donkey" and "camel" are missing, Schrader assumed that the original home of the Indo-Europeans was in the northern Pontic steppes, on the Caspian Sea and on the Aral Sea , where wild horses were native. Schrader's elaborated thesis ultimately became the basis for Marija Gimbutas ' spa theory .



A complete list of Schrader's books and articles is missing.

  • Quaestionum dialectologicarum Graecarum particula , dissertation, Leipzig 1877 OCLC 14714885 .
  • The oldest time division of the Indo-European people , Berlin 1878
  • From the history of domestic animals. A linguistic study , in: Nord und Süd 15 (1880), pp. 335-348.
  • Comparison of languages ​​and prehistory. Linguistic-historical contributions to the study of Indo-European antiquity , 1st edition Jena 1883, 2nd edition Jena 1890, 3rd edition Jena 1906
  • Animal and Plant Geography in the Light of Linguistic Research. Collection of commonly understood scientific lectures, volume 427 (1883), Berlin 1884.
  • Victor Hehn, Cultivated Plants and Domestic Animals in their Transition from Asia to Greece and Italy and the Rest of Europe. Historical-linguistic sketches, re-edited by Otto Schrader. With botanical contributions by Adolf Engler, 6th edition Berlin 1884, 7th edition 1902, 8th edition 1911
  • Linguistic-historical research on the history of trade and commodities , Volume 1, Jena 1886
  • On the idea of ​​a cultural history of the Indo-Europeans based on linguistics, Jena 1887. Trial lecture on February 7, 1887
  • Etymological and cultural history. In. ZVS 30 / NF 10 (1890) pp. 461-485
  • Linguistic-historical, in: Gustav Richter, Symbola doctorum Ienensis gymnasii in honorem gymnasii Isenacensis collecta, Jena 1895
  • Etymological and cultural history. In: Philologische Studien, Festgabe für Eduard Sievers on October 1, 1896, Halle 1896, pp. 1–11
  • About the New Reich ("German Reich and German Kaiser", "The Germans and the Sea"), two linguistic and historical lectures. General German Language Association, Berlin 1897
  • Real Lexicon of Indo-European Antiquity. Basics of a cultural and peoples history of ancient Europe. 1st edition Strasbourg 1901, 2nd edition, edited by Alfons Nehring, Berlin, Leipzig, 1917–1929
  • Epilogue, in: Victor Hehn, Das Salz, a cultural-historical study, 2nd edition, Berlin 1901
  • The mother-in-law and Hagestolz. A study from the history of our family, Braunschweig 1904
  • Wedding of the dead. A lecture given in the Society for Prehistory to Jena, Jena 1904
  • About designations of the marriage relationship among the Indo-European peoples. In: IF 17 (1904)
  • Johannes Hoops, Forest Trees and Cultivated Plants in Germanic Antiquity , Strasbourg 1905, review, in: Deutsche Literaturzeitung 1906
  • Hermann Hirt, The Indo-Germans, their distribution, their original home and their culture, 1st volume. Strasbourg 1905, review, in: Deutsche Literatur-Zeitung 7/1906
  • Hermann Hirt, The Indo-Europeans, their distribution, their original homeland and their culture, 2nd vol. Strasbourg 1907, review, in: Deutsche Literatur-Zeitung [...] / 1907
  • To nhd. "Buche", in: Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung 11 (1909)
  • Pictures from Russian village life , in: Westermannsmonthshefte 53rd volume, Jan. – March 1909, with eight black and white illustrations
  • Hammock Sunday. A travel study from the Olonetz governorate. In: IF 26 (1909)
  • (Keywords) Aryan religion; Blood feud; Charms and amulets; Chastity; Crimes and punishments; Death and Disposal of the Death; Divination; Family; Hospitality; Kingship, in: James Hastings, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volumes 2 to 7, Edinburgh 1909-1914
  • Buried and cremated in the light of religious and cultural history. A lecture in the Silesian Folklore Society , Breslau 1910
  • New High German "Wirt" (hospes), in: Scientific supplements to the journal of the General German Language Association, 5th row, issue 32, 1910.
  • The Indo-Europeans. Science and Education 77, Leipzig 1911, revised by Hans Krahe, Leipzig 1935
  • Viktor Hehn's views on the origin of our cultivated plants and domestic animals in the light of recent research, Berlin 1912
  • Germanic and Indo-European. In: Die Geisteswissenschaften 8/1913, as well as in: Correspondence sheet of the Gesamtverein der Deutschen Geschichts- und Altertumsvereine, 1914.
  • "Fatherland". Commemorative speech on the centenary of the birthday of Prince Bismarck, given on May 10, 1915 , Breslau 1915



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Who is it? Our contemporaries, ed. v. Hermann Degener 4 (1909), p. 339
  2. The Indo-Europeans. Leipzig 1919, p. 17
  3. The Indo-Europeans. Leipzig 1919 passim, especially p. 117–110
  4. Victor Hehn: cultivated plants and pets in their transition from Asia to Greece and Italy and the rest of Europe: Historical and linguistic sketches . Gebr. Borntraeger, Berlin 1870; iv + 456 p.
  5. Marija Gimbutas: The Balts . Thames & Hudson, London 1963, p. 38.