Peter Andrews

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Peter John Andrews (born January 31, 1940 in São Paulo , Brazil ) is a British paleoanthropologist . He has been with the Natural History Museum in London since 1974 and has been an honorary professor at University College London since 1996 . Since 2000 he has also been a curator at the Blandford Museum in Dorset .


Andrews studied forest science at the University of Aberdeen up to his bachelor's degree (1961) and obtained a master’s degree in the same subject from the University of Toronto in 1963. From 1964 to 1967 he worked for the Ministry of Forestry in Kenya . Returning to England Andrews began a second degree in anthropology at the University of Cambridge , where he earned a second master's degree in 1972 and a doctorate degree in 1973 with a study of East African primates of the Miocene ; During this time he worked as a research assistant for Louis Leakey in Kenya in 1969/70 . After another stay (1973/74) at the Nairobi National Museum , he began his work at the Natural History Museum in London in 1974.

Peter Andrews is a member of the Linnean Society of London , the Cambridge Philosophical Society and the Primate Society of Great Britain , among others . He works as an appraiser for English Heritage . Terry Harrison and Louise Leakey were among his students .


Due to his double degree, Peter Andrews works in several related fields. After various research stays in Africa, he researched, among other things, the tribal history of the orangutans and fossil primates near Paşalar in Turkey. His numerous publications include the first description of Kenyapithecus kizili from Paşalar and Proconsul meswae from Kenya. He is also an expert in the field of fossilization theory (taphonomy) and has published on topics from the field of paleoecology .

Together with Chris Stringer, he published an influential study in the journal Nature in 1988 , in which the fossils from the genus Homo were related for the first time to the genetic data published in 1987 on the so-called mitochondrial Eve . In this way, the out-of-Africa theory on the origin of modern humans ( Homo sapiens ) was secured by a method that was independent of the anatomical findings.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Peter Andrews: Miocene Primates (Pongidae, Hylobatidae) of East Africa. Dissertation, Cambridge University 1973
  2. Peter Andrews, JE Cronin: 1982. The relationships of Sivapithecus and Ramapithecus and the evolution of the orang-utan. In: Nature. Volume 297, 1982, pp. 541-546, doi: 10.1038 / 297541a0 . Reprinted in: Russell L. Ciochon , John G. Fleagle (Eds.): Primate Evolution and Human Origins. Aldine de Gruyter, New York 1987, ISBN 0-202-01175-5 , pp. 238-243.
  3. Jay Kelley, Peter Andrews, Berna Alpagut: A new hominoid species from the middle Miocene site of Paşalar, Turkey. In: Journal of Human Evolution. Volume 54, No. 4, 2008, pp. 455-479, doi: 10.1016 / j.jhevol.2007.08.007
  4. Terry Harrison , Peter Andrews: The anatomy and systematic position of the early Miocene proconsulid from Meswa Bridge, Kenya. In: Journal of Human Evolution. Volume 56, No. 5, 2009, pp. 479-496, doi: 10.1016 / j.jhevol.2009.02.005
  5. Peter Andrews: Taphonomic effects of faunal impoverishment and faunal mixing. In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Volume 241, No. 3-4, 2006, pp. 572-589, doi: 10.1016 / j.palaeo.2006.04.012
  6. Chris Stringer , Peter Andrews: Genetic and Fossil Evidence for the Origin of Modern Humans. In: Science . Volume 239, No. 4845, 1988, pp. 1263-1268, doi: 10.1126 / science.3125610
  7. Rebecca L. Cann et al .: Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. In: Nature . Volume 325, 1987, pp. 31-36, doi: 10.1038 / 325031a0