|Regional Church :||Evangelical Church in Württemberg|
|Prelate :||Dr. Christian Rose|
|Structure:||12 church districts|
|Parishioners:||approx. 580,000 (2005)|
|Address of the
The Reutlingen Prelature , also called "Sprengel Reutlingen", is one of four prelatures of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . In contrast to the church district , which is a corporation under public law , the prelature has no legal personality. It is just an ecclesiastical administrative district. The leadership of the prelature is incumbent on the prelate (the prelate), who is also known as the " regional bishop ".
The prelate has the task of visiting the deans in his prelature . But he is also active in pastoral care among the pastors and helps to fill the parish parish posts again. He is a member of the College of the Upper Church Council .
The Reutlingen Prelature covers the area from Neuenbürg near Pforzheim in the north to Tuttlingen in the south and from Freudenstadt in the west to Münsingen in the east. The Reutlingen prelature includes the 12 church districts Bad Urach-Münsingen , Balingen , Böblingen , Freudenstadt , Herrenberg , Leonberg , Neuenbürg , Reutlingen , Sulz am Neckar , Tübingen , Tuttlingen and the newly formed church district Calw-Nagold on January 1, 2019 , which consists of the two previous church districts of Calw and Nagold, which were dissolved at the same time, was formed.
The prelatures go back to the earlier general superintendentures (also generalates) in Württemberg. These were used soon after the introduction of the Reformation at the sites of the former monasteries ( Adelberg , Bebenhausen , Denkendorf and Maulbronn ). At the head of each was a general superintendent who was subordinate to the provost of the collegiate church in Stuttgart. However, the office of general superintendent was usually not associated with the respective monastery seat, rather the administrative district only bore its name. In the course of history, the names of the general superintendent were changed several times.
As a Free Imperial City, Reutlingen did not belong to Württemberg until 1803. Therefore, there has only been a general superintendent in Reutlingen since 1823. At that time, the general superintendent Urach was renamed Reutlingen. However, their seat was in Stuttgart. In 1924 the general superintendentes became the prelatures. In 1934 the Reutlingen Prelature was renamed “Stuttgart Prelature”. In 1956 a new prelature in Reutlingen was built. Since then the prelate has also had his seat in Reutlingen. The area of the prelature changed several times, in particular due to the re-creation of the Ludwigsburg prelature in 1992 and its repeal in 2003. At that time, the church districts of Böblingen, Herrenberg and Leonberg were assigned to the Reutlingen prelature.
The main church of the Reutlingen prelature is the Marienkirche in Reutlingen , in which the prelate regularly holds services.
Superintendent general and prelate since 1823
- 1823–1829: Jakob Friedrich von Abel (1751–1829)
- 1829–1841: Christian Karl August von Haas (1779–1841)
- 1841–1850: Karl August von Faber (1782–1850)
- 1850–1852: Sixt Carl von Kapff (1805–1879)
- 1852–1873: Christian Friedrich von Dettinger (1804–1876)
- 1873–1893: Georg Heinrich von Merz (1816–1893)
- 1894–1905: Viktor von Sandberger (1835–1912)
- 1905–1913: Immanuel von Frohnmeyer (1848–1931)
- 1913–1918: Theodor Karl von Hermann (1850–1926)
- 1918–1933: Jakob Schoell (1866–1950)
- 1933–1956: Reutlingen prelature does not exist
- 1956–1965: Kurt Pfeifle (1900–1974)
- 1965–1974: Helmut Pfeiffer (1909–2002)
- 1975–1981: Theophil Askani (1923–1982)
- 1981–1989: Heinrich "Heiner" Leube (1924–2007)
- 1989-2007: Claus Maier (* 1942); he was at the same time theological deputy of the Württemberg regional bishop
- since November 2007: Christian Rose (* 1955)