Protests in Sudan from 2011
The protests in Sudan began in early January 2011 and are considered part of the Arab Spring . They were directed against the authoritarian regime of President Umar al-Bashir and the economic situation that had been exacerbated by the declaration of independence in South Sudan on July 9, 2011 and the resulting loss of income from the oil wells there. On April 11, 2019, the Sudanese military deposed al-Bashir.
2015 presidential elections
As the demonstrations widened, al-Bashir announced on February 21, 2011 that he would not run in the 2015 presidential election . However, he withdrew his statement and faced the presidential elections in April 2015, which he won on April 27 with 94% of the vote, according to official figures. Officially, 46.4% of citizens voted, while election observers from the African Union estimated a turnout of just 30 to 35% .
From December 19, 2018, there were again protests by students, including a. in Bur Sudan and Atbara , initially because of the difficult economic situation in the country, which again resulted in deaths and arrests. First of all, v. a. demonstrated because of the high price of bread , then called for a revolution against the president. When the protests continued at the beginning of 2019, President Umar al-Bashir declared a one-year state of emergency at the end of February and, as a result, occupied the governments of the state and the countries. In addition, the constitution should initially not be changed in such a way that he could have taken on another term after the 2020 election.
After further protests in early April, al-Bashir was deposed and arrested by the military on April 11. However, the protests continued, now against the plans of the military transitional government to maintain control for two years and not want to hand over power directly to a civilian government. On April 28, it was decided to form a joint government made up of the military and the opposition.
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