Ramholz lies at an altitude of 320 m above sea level , about 6.5 km southeast of the town center of Schlüchtern.
The place belonged to the Altengronau court , which came to the Hanau rulership in 1333 as an imperial loan from an inheritance from the Rieneck family. The Schwarzenfels Office of the County of Hanau emerged from the court in the 15th century ; from 1459: County of Hanau-Münzenberg . In 1458 and 1493 the village was designated as a desert .
Various gentlemen held extensive rights and possessions in the village, one of which was Steckelberg Castle , followed by Ramholz Castle . Before 1482 these were the knights of the von Steckelberg family, then the von Hutten family followed . These held Ramholz as a Hanau fief .
Historical forms of names
In surviving documents Ramholz was mentioned under the following names:
- Ramundis (1039)
- Ramundes (1144)
- Ramungs (1303)
- Ramons (1444)
- Rannelz (1453)
- Ramoltze (1458)
- Romoltzs (1494)
From 1404 there was a temporary subdivision into upper and lower Ramholz.
In the second half of the 17th century, the lower nobility was able to enforce its imperial immediacy for Ramholz . In 1698 the Lords of Degenfeld took it over . In the course of the post-Napoleonic "land consolidation" in Germany, the Ramholz Justice Office first came to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel in 1806 and to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt in 1801 and, after the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna, to the Electorate of Hesse . After the administrative reform in the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, through which the Electorate of Hesse was divided into four provinces and 22 districts ( list of districts in the Electorate of Hesse ), Ramholz belonged to the Schlüchtern district . In 1852 the prince of Ysenburg-Büdingen-Büdingen bought the castle, in 1883 the barons of Stumm . In 1895 the place had 29 houses with 217 residents.
Through the Hessian regional reform in the early 1970s, Ramholz came to the city of Schlüchtern.
The church of Ramholz belonged to the diocese of Würzburg . The central church authority was the Archdiakonat Karlstadt . In 1167 the churches and chapels of Altengronau , Gundhelm , Hohenzell , Mottgers , Oberkalbach , Steckelberg , Steinbach, Sterbfritz , Zeitlofs and Züntersbach belonged to the parish of Ramholz. In 1354 the parish was incorporated into the Schlüchtern monastery , which had received patronage over the church as a donation from the Fulda monastery in 1039 .
The Protestant parish belongs to the Schlüchtern church district in the Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck.
- Matthias Nistahl: Studies on the history of the Schlüchtern monastery in the Middle Ages . Diss. Darmstadt a. Marburg, 1986, SS 52, 73, 86, 90, 94, 98–99, 114–115, 125, 146, 158–159, 164–172, 181–182, 184, 201–202, 247 note 78.
- Heinrich Reimer: Historisches Ortslexikon für Kurhessen = Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 14 (1926), p. 372.
- Citizens' initiative "Save the Ramholz Cultural Landscape"
- Ramholz, Main-Kinzig district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Ramholz, Main-Kinzig district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 31, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).