Richard Brenner

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Richard Brenner (born June 30, 1833 in Merseburg , † March 22, 1874 in Sansibar ) was a German explorer of Africa .


After completing his high school studies, Brenner worked as a forester in a number of chief foresters' offices in the Harz Mountains and later worked in several sugar boilers. At the end of 1864 he joined Baron Karl Klaus von derdecke on his second and last major expedition to East Africa as a hunter and private secretary. From there he took part in the exploration of the East African coastal rivers Osi , Tula and Shamba from February to July 1865 and in August and September in the trip on the Jub .

When four of the traveling companions died in an attack by Somali on September 30 and October 1, 1865 above Baardheere , Brenner led the rest to the coast (mouth of the Jub) and back to Germany via Zanzibar . Since von derdecke had also been murdered in Baardheere on October 3rd, the baron's family decided to send Brenner, together with Kinzelbach, to Africa for further research.

Brenner passed through the Somali country from November 1866, stayed in Baraawe until January 1867 , but was unable to get to Baardheere. He visited the Webi and Scheri ( Durnford River ) and returned to Zanzibar on February 26th. On March 12th, he started a new journey from here to the Galla Coast , again on the Tana and Osi, then explored the kingdom of Witu and traveled to the land of the southern Oromo below 2 ° south latitude, of which he provided the first map and description . Brenner returned to Zanzibar at the beginning of February 1868 and then returned to Europe via Mogadishu and Aden with a young member of the Oromo named Djilo.

In 1867, the Sultan von Witu asked Brenner to secure a Prussian protectorate over his land, but this was not even considered in Berlin .

At the end of 1869 Swiss and Trieste companies initiated him on a trade expedition to Somaliland and from January 1870 he led this expedition to Aden, where he traveled the coast of the Indian Ocean from Muscat in Arabia to Zanzibar. He toured Oman, the Somal and Galla coasts and explored the Kingani River across from Zanzibar. In mid-1871 he returned to Merseburg sick. In that year the Austro-Hungarian government appointed him consul in Aden, where he also traveled in 1872. From here he went back to Zanzibar, where he died on March 22, 1874.

Brenner's travel reports are scattered in Petermann's messages and in the globe .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ According to Brockhaus (1892), Brenner was born on June 20
  2. Petermann's communications 1868
  3. Hans-Ulrich Wehler : Bismarck and Imperialism. 4th edition, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1976, ISBN 3-423-04187-0 , p. 367f.