Robert Filliou

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Robert Filliou (born January 17, 1926 in Sauve , † December 2, 1987 in Chanteloube, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil , Dordogne ) was a French artist and as such one of the main exponents of Fluxus .

life and work

Robert Filliou joined the resistance against the German occupiers in 1943, the Résistance , and became a member of the French Communist Party (PCF) during the war . In 1946 he left France and emigrated to the USA , where he initially worked for the Coca-Cola Company from 1946 to 1948 . In 1949 he began studying economics at the University of California in Los Angeles . After obtaining his master's degree, he moved to South Korea in 1951 , where he worked for the “University of California Extension Program”, which was followed by a position for the “United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency” (UN reconstruction agency for Korea). In 1954 Filliou moved to Egypt , then lived in Spain from 1955 to 1957, met his wife, Marianne Staffels, in Denmark, and finally returned to his native France in 1959. With his “Galerie Légitime” he curated small exhibitions of his own work and those of his colleagues, which he mainly showed in the streets of Paris. The gallery consisted of a hat that Robert Filliou had bought in Tokyo.

In the winter of 1963 in Paris , Filliou developed the POIPOIDROM project together with his friend, the architect Joachim Pfeufer , a linguistically inspired mixture of object, installation and performance that poses a chain of (meaning) questions in dialogue, and if that Poipoi (from a Malinese dialect) is called, is canceled and starts again. With the POIPOIDROM and a rocket , Filliou and Pfeufer took part in Documenta 5 in Kassel in 1972 in the Individual Mythologies department .

In 1967 Robert Filliou lived in New York and one year later moved to Düsseldorf , which was then one of the centers of Fluxus. In 1977 Filliou lived temporarily in Canada where he produced some videos. From 1980 to 1984 he held a visiting professorship at the Hamburg University of Fine Arts.

Robert Filliou's artistic development was based essentially on his Buddhist worldview, which stems from his preoccupation with Zen Buddhism in 1951. After returning to France, he met Daniel Spoerri in Paris . In that year, 1960, he created his first work of art, Le collage de l'immortelle mort du monde , a play. His first exhibition took place in 1961 at the Arthur Køpcke Gallery in Copenhagen . In 1962 he founded the “Galerie Légitime” and met George Maciunas, a central artist of the Fluxus movement. For January 17, 1963, he proclaimed the 1,000,000. Birthday of Art, the Art's Birthday , which has since held worldwide every year on this date.

The meeting with George Brecht in 1965 resulted in “La Cédille qui sourit” (the laughing Cédille [Ç!]), A shop in Villefranche-sur-Mer that sold jewelry, games and luxury items. One in collaboration with Brecht Work object of the same name, created in 1969, can now be seen in the Fluxus documentation of the museum FLUXUS + in Potsdam. During the period of close cooperation with George Brecht, he shot the film L'Hommage à Méliès with him and Bob Guiny , which relates to historical silent films, and a performance documentary with Emmett Williams . In Verlag der Buchhandlung König, Cologne , he published instructions for happenings , poetry and other things: Teaching and Learning as Performing Arts (learning and teaching as performing arts). As a result, Filliou made a few more rather short films that are characterized by a humorous look at art, life and society. In his actions, exhibitions and works he repeatedly designed counter-worlds, cunningly questioned the rational logic and knowledge and emphasized the autonomy of individuals. These include B. The Whispered History of Art , which he presented in an exhibition in Aachen , and walk-in sculptures such as Recherche sur l'origine (1974) or Prototype Optimum nø 00 , 1978 in the Center Pompidou , Paris. Works by Robert Filliou are in the collections of many European museums, and above his door it was written: “  Le vagabond de l'art est toujours en voyage. Laissez nom sans adresse, il vous touchera un jour sans doute par télépathie.  »Robert Filliou retired in 1984 to the Buddhist monastery Chanteloube near Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil on the Dordogne , where he died in 1987.

Exhibitions (selection)


"Art is what makes life more interesting than art."

See also


  • Dieter Honisch (Vorw.): Art in the Federal Republic of Germany 1945–1985 . National Gallery. Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-87584-158-1
  • Hannelore Kersting (arrangement): Contemporary art. 1960 to 2007 . Municipal Museum Abteiberg Mönchengladbach, 2007, ISBN 978-3-924039-55-4
  • Exhibition catalog: documenta 5. Survey of Reality - Imagery Today ; Catalog (as a file folder). Volume 1: (material); Volume 2: (list of exhibits); Kassel 1972
  • documenta archive (ed.); Follow-up d5 - A survey of the archive on documenta 1972 . Kassel / Ostfildern 2001, ISBN 3-7757-1121-X
  • Catalog for documenta 6: Volume 1: Painting, sculpture / environment, performance; Volume 2: photography, film, video; Volume 3: Hand drawings, utopian design, books. Kassel 1977, ISBN 3-920453-00-X
  • Bettina Riedrich: Reflections on the philosophical background in Robert Filliou's oeuvre . (PDF; 568 kB) Master's thesis, Bonn 2005; Retrieved August 16, 2010
  • Do you want total life? Fluxus and agit-pop of the 60s in Aachen . New Aachener Kunstverein, Aachen 1995, ISBN 3-929261-24-3 .
  • Never again trouble-free! Aachen avant-garde since 1964 . Kerber Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-86678-602-8 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See Fleurice Würz: "Fluxus Nice, 1963-1968", AQ-Verlag, Saarbrücken 2011, ISBN 978-3-922441-11-3 , pp. 70ff.