Robert Hartig

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Robert Hartig

Heinrich Julius Adolph Robert Hartig (born May 30, 1839 in Braunschweig , † October 9, 1901 in Munich ) was a German forest scientist . He was mainly active as a forest botanist and plant pathologist . Hartig was an eminent mycologist . Its official botanical author abbreviation is " R.Hartig ".


The son of the forest scientist Theodor Hartig studied forest science in Berlin from 1863 to 1864 and then worked in forest management until 1866 . In 1866 he received his doctorate at the University of Marburg and in 1867 was offered a position at the Eberswalde Forest Academy . There he held lectures on forest botany from 1869 and in 1871 took over the management of the plant physiological research institute.

Robert Hartig (left, with Peter Danckelmann in his arms) with his fellow teachers at the Eberswalde Forest Academy (from right): Wilhelm Schütze, Wilhelm Schneider, Adolf Remelé, Bernhard Danckelmann , Julius Theodor Christian Ratzeburg . Photo by Adolf Remelé, ca.1868.

In 1878 Hartig was appointed professor of forest botany at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich .

Hartig, who gave the first suggestion for a scientific expansion of the pathology of forest species, is considered to be the founder of forest phytopathology together with Moritz Willkomm (1821–1895) . In 1878 Hartig first described the so-called beech complex disease, the economically most important beech disease. Likewise, the fungus Herpotrichia parasitica , which causes the fir needle tan , was discovered by Hartig in 1883 and described in 1884. Hartig was also considered one of the leading researchers of the real dry rot ( Serpula lacrymans ), on which he published a monograph in 1885 .

With his work on the structure of wood, he is also one of the founders of scientific wood science.

His studies on mycorrhizal formation in forest trees are also outstanding . The dense network of ectomycorrhizal fungi that is formed between the bark cells of the plant roots is named after him as Hartig's network .

Phellinus hartigii (Allescher et Schnabl), a porling that occurs mainly on silver fir and was examined in detail by Hartig, is named after him. There is also a Robert-Hartig-Strasse in Munich in his honor. In 1888 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

Fonts (selection)

  • Comparative studies on the growth and yield of the red beech and oak in the Spessart, the red beech in the eastern Weser Mountains, the pine in Pomerania and the silver fir in the Black Forest , Stuttgart 1865.
  • The profitability of the spruce and beech firewood business in the Harze and Weser Mountains , Stuttgart 1868.
  • Preliminary communication on the parasitism of Agaricus melleus and its rhizomorphs , in: Botanische Zeitung , 31st year, 1873, Sp. 295–297 (= in: No. 19, May 9, 1873)
  • Preliminary reports on parasites in forest trees , in: Botanische Zeitung , 31st year, 1873, Col. [353] -357 (= in: No. 23, June 6, 1873)
  • Major diseases of forest trees. Contributions to mycology and phytopathology for botanists and foresters , Berlin 1874.
  • The diseases of the forest trees caused by fungi. For the German forester . Second edition. Breslau: Morgenstern, 1875.
  • The decomposition phenomena of the wood of the coniferous trees and oak in forest, botanical and chemical direction , Berlin 1878.
  • Textbook of tree diseases , Berlin 1882.
  • Textbook of tree diseases , 2., verb. and increased edition, Berlin 1889.
  • Textbook of Plant Diseases. For botanists, foresters, farmers and gardeners , 3rd, completely revised edition of the textbook on tree diseases, Berlin 1900.
  • Rhizomorpha (Dematophora) necatrix n. Sp. in: Studies from the Forest Botanical Institute in Munich , Volume III (1883), pp. [95] –135.
  • The wood of the German coniferous forest trees , Berlin 1885.
  • The real dry rot (Merulius lacrymans Fr.) , (The destruction of timber by mushrooms I), Berlin 1885.
  • The real dry rot and other fungi that destroy timber , 2nd edition, edited and edited by Dr. C. Freiherr von Tubeuf, Berlin 1902.
  • (with Rudolf Weber) The wood of the red beech in anatomical-physiological, chemical and forestry direction , Berlin 1888.
  • Textbook of the anatomy and physiology of plants with special consideration of the forest plants , Berlin 1891.
  • The anatomical distinguishing features of the more important woods growing in Germany , 4th edition, Munich 1898.


Web links

Wikisource: Robert Hartig  - Sources and full texts