Robert Heindl (born July 24, 1883 in Munich ; died September 25, 1958 in Irschenhausen ) was a German criminologist and lawyer. By far the most important method of tracing criminals is associated with his name: the fingerprint view or " dactyloscopy ".
After graduating from the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich in 1902 , Heindl studied law in Munich, Lausanne and Erlangen.
In 1902, as a young lawyer, Heindl discovered a magazine article which showed that the British Inspector General of Bengal, Henry, had introduced a procedure at the turn of the century that enabled the identification of persons with the help of a fingerprint. Heindl had a copy of the relevant files sent to him from Calcutta and, after carefully studying them, proposed this method to the major police authorities in Germany in 1903, which soon spread throughout the world.
In the late 1920s, Heindl introduced the concept of professional criminals into the criminal policy discussion. As early as 1920, Robert Heindl called for the rights of suspects to be restricted, for the period during which a suspect could be detained without a court order to be extended, and for "special provisions" for people who knew from the outset that they had committed the crime . Professional criminals should be given "short shrift" in order to relieve law enforcement agencies.
- 1953: Cross of Merit (Steckkreuz) of the Federal Republic of Germany
- My trip to the penal colonies . Berlin 1913
- Criminal procedural special treatment of chronic criminals , in: Archiv für Kriminologie , 72, 1920.
- The professional criminal. A contribution to criminal law reform . Berlin 1926
- Police and crime . Berlin 1926
- Paul Bockelmann : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 281 ( ).
- Maria Keipert (Red.): Biographical Handbook of the German Foreign Service 1871–1945. Published by the Foreign Office, Historical Service. Volume 2: Gerhard Keiper, Martin Kröger: G – K. Schöningh, Paderborn et al. 2005, ISBN 3-506-71841-X , p. 237f.
- Ignaz Wrobel (d. I. Kurt Tucholsky ): A pest of criminology. In: The world stage . No. 1, July 31, 1928, p. 167 ( online ), and No. 32, August 7, 1928, p. 197 ( online ); also in: Kurt Tucholsky: Collected works in ten volumes. Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1975, Vol. 6, pp. 180-190.
- Literature by and about Robert Heindl in the catalog of the German National Library
- Privy Councilor Heindl-Weg , near Icking parish
- Annual report from the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich. , 1901/02
- Brockhaus Encyclopedia, 1966 ff., Vol. 8, p. 321.
- Heindl: Criminal Procedure Special Treatment of Chronic Criminals , in: ArchKrim 72 (1920), p. 256.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German criminologist and lawyer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 24, 1883|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Munich|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 25, 1958|
|Place of death||Irschenhausen , Upper Bavaria|