Rudolf Cramer von Clausbruch (officer)

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Rudolf Cramer of Clausbruch (* 7. March 1864 on manor Czernewitz at Thorn ; † 20th August 1916 in Üsküb ( Skopje )) was a German officer , last lieutenant colonel in the First World War .



He was the son of the farmer , steam brick owner and head of office in Tornschau, Albert Wilhelm Cramer von Clausbruch (1829-1908) and his wife Marie Luise, née Caesar (1839-1914). She was a sister of Rudolf Otto Caesar . Cramer had two sisters and five brothers. He married Alexandra Suhr from Riga. The daughters Hedwig (* October 7, 1903) and Ruth (* March 4, 1905 in Heidelberg) as well as the son Albert (* December 24, 1907 in Gumbinnen) emerged from the marriage.

Other well-known family members were Wolfgang Pohl , Hermann Seeger (husband of sister Marie) and the nephew Rudolf Cramer von Clausbruch .

Military career

Cramer came after the visit of the high school in 1883 as a cadet in the Regiment Infantry "Count Tauentzien of Wittenberg" (3rd Brandenburg) no. 20 of the Prussian army one, became in 1884 the Ensign , 1885 to second lieutenant , 1893 to first lieutenant and in 1899 for Captain and company commander . On May 6, 1900, he joined the Imperial Protection Force for Cameroon and was appointed head of the Joko military station.

His train to the highlands of Adamaua, carried out against the express instructions of the governor Jesko von Puttkamer , was significant . On August 28, 1901, he occupied Ngaundere and, on news of the British expulsion of the Amir Djubayru from Adamawa , marched against Garua , where he inflicted a heavy defeat on the Amir's troops. Governor Puttkamer immediately called him back. Cramer's unauthorized Adamawa train initiated the conquest of North Cameroon by the German protection forces and was thus of outstanding importance for the further development of the German colony.

In 1902 he resigned in the Prussian Army and was assigned to the Grenadier Regiment "Kaiser Wilhelm I." (2nd Badisches) No. 110 in Heidelberg . In 1906 he was given leave of absence for a year in Russia, in 1907 he was transferred to the Fusilier Regiment "Graf Roon" (East Prussian) No. 33 in Gumbinnen as a company commander and on June 16, 1911 he was appointed major in the staff. In the same year he was transferred to the staff of the 8th East Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 45 . On January 27, 1913 he was appointed commander of the 1st Battalion of the Infantry Regiment "Graf Dönhoff" (7th East Prussian) No. 44 in Goldap .

During the First World War, from 1916 as a lieutenant colonel, he took command of the infantry regiment "Graf Dönhoff" (7th East Prussian) No. 44, the Landwehr infantry regiment No. 49. Most recently, he commanded the 1st Masurian infantry regiment No. 146 in the Balkans. There Cramer died of typhus in the Üsküb military hospital ( Skopje ) in Macedonia .


  • Florian Hoffmann: Occupation and military administration in Cameroon. Establishment and institutionalization of the colonial monopoly of violence 1891–1914. Göttingen 2007.