The Sünser Alpe (also: Alpe Süns or Sünseralpe ) is located at Dornbirn . This is an alp for grazing cattle and a piece of land in the same place. The Alpe is about 1500 m away from the Furka road and about 3000 m as the crow flies from the Furkajoch . The Alpe is owned by the Emser Alps agricultural community . The alp essentially consists of two large alpine buildings and a material ropeway. The cultivation period begins annually at the end of June until the first week of September.and is located in the area of the municipality of
The word Süns occurs in Vorarlberg exclusively in connection with this alp and this parcel as well as the surrounding mountains. There is no reliable derivation of the origin from the word “Süns”. Josef Zösmair derives it from a personal name (Germ.) "Sunno". He also mentions the Roman family name Sunius as a possible derivation. Around 400 A.D. There was also a Sunno , Duke of the Franks, and he also refers to Sinzheim in Baden , which was called "Sumes" or "Sunnesheim" in 1261 and also to the fact that "Sinz" is a name that is still in use in Vorarlberg .
Already in a St. Gallen document from the year 883, the use of the Alps in the area between "Suniu et Caviu", ie between Süns and Gävis, is attested. One of the oldest alpine documents from the history of European alpine economy exists about the Alpe Süns itself, which lies below the Sünserspitze . " In a document from 1403 it was noted that the Alpine comrades of Süns had to give the Feldkircher Vogt an alpine rate of 3 1/2 quarters of lard and 15 wheels of cheese (77 pounds of lard and 135 cheese), which was distributed to the officials In 1431 the rights owners of Zwischenwasser , who had the Alpe in fiefdom for some time , made the above-mentioned levy to the Toggenburgers ".
In 1700 the lower lying Alpe Lindenbach was merged with the Sünser Alpe. In 1750, the long-standing lease with Johann Mathis, Emsreute, was extended for a further six years and only dissolved in 1779. In one point of the contract it was stated that the maintenance of the alpine huts is the responsibility of the Emsian rule.
In 1820 the alpine huts are said to have been deliberately set on fire by an alpine owner. Only one building that stood apart from the smelting company was spared from the flames.
In autumn 2014, the previous roof of the Sünser Alpe, which was covered with wooden shingles, was renovated and a roof covering made of chrome steel was installed.
Location and use, geology
The alpine building of the Sünser Alpe is located on the southeastern border of the municipality of Dornbirn and about 800 m as the crow flies from the Damüls municipality border and about 1750 m from the municipality border of Mellau and about 950 m from the municipality border of Laterns .
This alpine area is a large contiguous area with typical alpine landscapes in partly the steepest location with natural meadows, scree slopes and subalpine bushes, typical of the subalpine-alpine level.
The material ropeway was built from 1945 to 1951 by the Hohenems community as the owner of Alpe Süns. The 3,180 m long route originally led from Alpe Garnitza (Laterns) over the Alps Gävis, Vordermellen and Hintermellen to Süns. The inclined length is 1425 m, the height difference: 315 m and the payload: 320 kg. Passenger transportation is not allowed.
The Sünser Alpe is only managed in summer and is the starting point and destination for hikes to the Portlakopf (1905), the Portlahorn (2010), the Sünserkopf (2032), the Sünser Spitze (2061), Ragazer Blanken (2051, mountain station of the Ragaz six-person chairlift ) or the Hochblanken (2068). See also: Damülser Berge .
The Sünserbach rises north of the Alpe below the Sünserspitze and is about 3.05 km long. This flows from water kilometers (GwKm) 2.72 to 2.50 through the Sünser See and from there in a large arc from north to west around the alpine buildings and drains the valley basin via several smaller tributaries. At around 12.00 a.m. the Gererbach and the Sünserbach flow together into the Mellenbach , from there turning north again between Riesenspitze and Schafberg (towards Sünserspitze) in another large arc through the Mellental and then facing northeast into the Bregenz Ach .
The "spring meadows and spring moors in the area of the Sünser Alpe" (biotope 30153) are connected to the Damüls biotope "wet biotopes north of the Alpe Portla" (biotope 20920) and the numerous, scattered wet biotopes here are particularly important habitats for numerous animal and plant species worthy of protection.
- Alpe Süns , website of the city of Hohenems.
- Josef Zösmair, Die Bergnames Vorarlbergs, UT: if possible explained on a documentary basis, Verlag der Vorarlberger Buchdruckerei-Gesellschaft mbH, Dornbirn 1923, p. 34.
- Grammar of the New High German Language by August Engelie (Google Books).
- Alpe Süns , website of the city of Hohenems.
- Quoted from: Dornbirn Lexikon ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (on-line). See also: Middle Latin Dictionary up to the Late 13th Century, Volumes 3-4 (Google Books)
- Quoted from: Dornbirn Lexikon , search term: "Lindenbach 1.068 m above sea level".
- Vorarlberger Landesarchiv , Rep. 14–157, Nachlass Josef Lipburger, p. 111.
- Update of the Vorarlberg biotope inventory , p. 9.
- Quoted from: Dornbirn Lexikon
- Update of the Vorarlberg biotope inventory , p. 9, p. 72.