Slate house

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A slate house is a building mostly or partially clad with slate . This is a half-timbered house or stone house, the facade of which is completely, partially or only the roof covered with about five millimeter thick slabs of slate to protect against the weather . The protective cladding made of slate panels is attached to the wall made of natural stone or made of half-timbering (usually a load-bearing wooden frame with a clay filling reinforced by wooden rods) or the roof is provided with a slate covering. The most common forms of facade and roof cladding are crescent-shaped or diamond-shaped slates, whereby the variation of the arrangement, shape and color of the slate panels gives rise to possibilities for the design of ornaments, pictures or lettering.

Originally, slate houses are mainly located in areas where the slate occurs and was relatively easy to mine. This includes in particular the Rhenish Slate Mountains with the regions Sauerland , Siegerland , Bergisches Land , Eifel , Hunsrück and Westerwald as well as the Ore Mountains , the northern part of Franconia , the Thuringian Forest and Harz as well as in Central and Northern Hesse and regions in Saxony-Anhalt and in southern Lower Saxony . There are now buildings clad or covered with slate (including new buildings) all over Central Europe.

On the half-timbered or stone wall wall, a boarding made of wooden boards (possibly additionally protected with roofing felt) is attached to a frame made of wooden strips (insulated if necessary). Finally, the slate cladding is usually attached to it with two to three galvanized roofer nails per slate.


  • Klaus Freckmann, Franz Wierschem: Slate, protection and ornament. Cologne 1982 (series of publications by the Sobernheim Open Air Museum, 8).